Karakoyunlu

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For the medieval dynasty, see Kara Koyunlu; for places in Azerbaijan, see Qaraqoyunlu.
Karakoyunlu
Karakoyunlu is located in Turkey
Karakoyunlu
Karakoyunlu
Coordinates: 39°58′21″N 44°10′22″E / 39.97250°N 44.17278°E / 39.97250; 44.17278Coordinates: 39°58′21″N 44°10′22″E / 39.97250°N 44.17278°E / 39.97250; 44.17278
Country Turkey
Province Iğdır
Government
 • Mayor Kurban Kaya (CHP)
 • Kaymakam Elif Canan Tuncer Ersöz
Area[1]
 • District 193.91 km2 (74.87 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 2,664
 • District 14,264
 • District density 74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Post code 76700
Website www.karakoyunlu.bel.tr

Karakoyunlu (Azerbaijani: Qaraqoyunlu ; Kurdish: Têşberûn[citation needed]) is a town and district of Iğdır Province in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Part of the district forms the international border between Turkey and Armenia.

History[edit]

During the medieval period, Karakoyunlu was part of the Kingdom of Bagratuni Armenia. The area later became a scene of 300 years of warfare between Turks (especially the Ottoman Empire from 1534 onwards) and the Safavid Empire. It was especially coveted for its salt mines. In 1746, the region was finally ceded to Persia and became part of the Erivan khanate. After the Russo-Persian War, 1826-1828 and Treaty of Turkmenchay, it passed from Persian to Russian control. Under Russian rule, the town became part of the Armenian Oblast and later the Erivan Governorate. For a brief period from 1917 to 1920, it was part of the Democratic Republic of Armenia. However, it was ceded to Turkey as a result of the Treaty of Kars.[3]

Population[edit]

Karakoyunlu Town Center's population
2007 2,649
2000 4,760
1997 5,384
1990 4,110
1985 3,220
1980 2,950

Statues with ram heads[edit]

Cementer stones with ram heads existing almost in all old cementers in Iğdır Plain are remnants from Kara Koyunlu period. These cementers of brave, heroic persons and young persons who had died in youth age.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ "Her Yönüyle Iğdır", Ziya Zakir Acar, 2004
  4. ^ "Introduction of Iğdır", Iğdır Municipality Publishing, 2003

External links[edit]