Karaman

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Karaman
Municipality
Karaman fortification
Karaman fortification
Karaman is located in Turkey
Karaman
Karaman
Coordinates: 37°10′55″N 33°13′05″E / 37.18194°N 33.21806°E / 37.18194; 33.21806Coordinates: 37°10′55″N 33°13′05″E / 37.18194°N 33.21806°E / 37.18194; 33.21806
Country Turkey
Province Karaman
Government
 • Mayor Kamil Uğurlu (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 3,685.73 km2 (1,423.07 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 141,630
 • District 175,397
 • District density 48/km2 (120/sq mi)
Website www.karaman.bel.tr

Karaman is a town in south central Turkey, located in Central Anatolia, north of the Taurus Mountains, about 100 km (62 mi) south of Konya. It is the capital district of the Karaman Province. According to 2000 census, the population of the province is 231,872 of which 132,064 live in the town of Karaman.[3][4] The district covers an area of 3,686 km2 (1,423 sq mi),[5] and the town lies at an average elevation of 1,039 m (3,409 ft). The Karaman Museum is one of the major sights.

Etymology[edit]

The town owes its name to Karaman Bey who was one of the rulers of the Karamanid dynasty. The former name Laranda which in turn comes from the Luwian language Larawanda, literally "sandy, a sandy place".[6]

History[edit]

In ancient times Karaman was known as Laranda (Λάρανδα in Ancient greek). It was destroyed by Perdiccas in about 322 BC and later became a seat of Isaurian pirates. It belonged to the Roman and later Byzantine Empire until it was captured by the Seljuks in the early 12th century. Karaman was occupied by Frederick Barbarossa in 1190 . In 1256, the town was taken by the Turkish bey Karamanoğlu Mehmet Bey and was renamed Karaman in his honour. From 1275, Karaman was the capital of the Karaman Beylik (and later Ottoman province) of Karamanid.

In 1468 Karamanid was conquered by the Ottomans and in 1483 the capital of the province was moved to Konya. Karaman has retained ruins of a Karamanid castle and some walls, two mosques and a Koran school (madrasah) from that age. An exquisite mihrab from a mosque from Karaman can now be found in the Çinili Pavilion near the Archeology Museum in Istanbul.

There was a Roman Catholic titular see for the city.[7]

The poet Yunus Emre (c. 1238-1320) resided in Karaman during his later years and is believed to lie buried beside the Yunus Emre Mosque. A small adjacent park is adorned with quotations from his verse, many of them unfortunately graffiti-splattered. In 1222, the Sufi preacher Bahaeddin Veled arrived in town with his family, and the Karamanoğlu emir built a medrese to accommodate them. Veled's son was the famous Mevlana Jelaluddin Rumi, who married his wife, Gevher Hatun, while his family was living in Karaman. It was here, too, that Rumi's mother died in 1224. She was buried, along with other family members, in the Aktekke Mosque (also known as the Mader-i Mevlana Cami), which Alaeddin Ali Bey had built to replace the original medrese in 1370.[8]

Climate[edit]

Karaman has a cold semi-arid climate under Köppen climate classification (BSk), with hot and dry summers and cold and snowy winters. Karaman is a very sunny city all year long.

Climate data for Karaman (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
20.5
(68.9)
28.7
(83.7)
32.3
(90.1)
34.3
(93.7)
36.9
(98.4)
40.4
(104.7)
40.4
(104.7)
36.4
(97.5)
33.2
(91.8)
25.7
(78.3)
22.3
(72.1)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
7.0
(44.6)
12.3
(54.1)
18.0
(64.4)
23.0
(73.4)
27.7
(81.9)
31.1
(88)
31.0
(87.8)
27.1
(80.8)
20.8
(69.4)
13.5
(56.3)
7.6
(45.7)
18.71
(65.68)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
1.6
(34.9)
6.0
(42.8)
11.3
(52.3)
16.1
(61)
20.4
(68.7)
23.5
(74.3)
22.9
(73.2)
18.5
(65.3)
12.8
(55)
6.7
(44.1)
2.6
(36.7)
11.9
(53.42)
Average low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.2
(32.4)
4.8
(40.6)
8.5
(47.3)
12.2
(54)
15.0
(59)
14.4
(57.9)
10.0
(50)
5.7
(42.3)
1.0
(33.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.26
(41.47)
Record low °C (°F) −25.8
(−14.4)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
−2.2
(28)
3.4
(38.1)
6.4
(43.5)
5.6
(42.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−26.1
(−15)
−28
(−18.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41.6
(1.638)
35.6
(1.402)
36.2
(1.425)
37.1
(1.461)
36.7
(1.445)
21.0
(0.827)
4.6
(0.181)
4.2
(0.165)
6.9
(0.272)
27.5
(1.083)
33.0
(1.299)
45.5
(1.791)
329.9
(12.989)
Avg. rainy days 10.2 10.0 9.5 8.4 8.7 4.9 1.5 1.1 1.8 6.1 7.0 10.2 79.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 111.6 126 201.5 237 313.1 363 403 378.2 315 235.6 168 108.5 2,960.5
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute. "Census 2000, Key statistics for urban areas of Turkey" (XLS) (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  4. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  5. ^ Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  6. ^ Bilge Umar. Türkiye'deki Tarihsel Adlar. İnkılap Kitabevi, 1993. ISBN 975-10-0539-6.
  7. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Laranda". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
  8. ^ "Today's Zaman". , todayszaman.com

External links[edit]