Karasi Principality tomb in Balıkesir
The Karasids or Karasid dynasty (Modern Turkish: Karesioğulları, Karesioğulları Beyliği), also known as the Principality of Karasi and Beylik of Karasi (Karasi Beyliği or Karesi Beyliği ), was one of the Anatolian beyliks, centered in Balıkesir, around the present-day Balıkesir Province, Çanakkale Province and Bergama. It was one of the frontier principalities established by Oghuz Turks after the decline of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum.
They were the first beylik to be taken over by the neighboring Osmanoglu dynasty, who were later to found the Ottoman Empire. The acquisition of Karasi allowed the Ottomans to begin the conquest of European lands in Rumelia across the Dardanelles.
The province (sanjak, later vilayet) of Balıkesir was called the sub-province (sanjak, later vilayet) of Karasi until the early years of the Republic of Turkey, after which it was renamed after its central town Balıkesir.
See also