Karata language

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КIкIирлIи мацIцIи
Region Southern Dagestan
Ethnicity Karata
Native speakers
260  (2010 census)[1]
Northeast Caucasian
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kpt
Glottolog kara1474[2]

Karata is an Andic language of the Northeast Caucasian language family spoken in southern Dagestan, Russia by 260 Karata in 2010. It has two dialects, Karatin and Tokitin, which are quite different. Speakers use Avar as their literary language.[1]

There are ten towns in which the language is traditionally spoken: Karata, Anchix, Tukita, Rachabalda, Lower Inxelo, Mashtada, Archo, Chabakovo, Racitl, and formerly Siux.[3]




Consonant phonemes of Karata[4]
Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Epi-
central lateral
lenis fortis lenis fortis lenis fortis lenis fortis lenis fortis
Nasal m n
Plosive voiced b d ɡ
voiceless p t k ʔ
ejective (pʼ)
Affricate voiced (d͡ʒ)
voiceless t͡s t͡sː t͡ʃ t͡ʃː t͡ɬː k͡xː q͡χː
ejective t͡sʼ t͡sːʼ t͡ʃʼ t͡ʃːʼ t͡ɬː t͡ɬːʼ k͡xːʼ q͡χːʼ
Fricative voiceless s ʃ ʃː ɬ ɬː ç x ʜ h
voiced v z ʒ ɣ ʢ
Trill r
Approximant l j
  • The glottal stop transcribed here is named rather ambiguously a "glottalic laryngeal" by the source.
  • Also note that the source names the epiglottal series ″pharyngeal″ indiscriminately in all the tables, also when it includes a plosive and thus clearly isn't a true pharyngeal.


  1. ^ a b Karata at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Karata". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nichols, Johanna (2006). "Review: Karatinsko-russkij slovar' [Karata-Russian Dictionary]". Anthropological Linguistics 48 (1): 95–98. ISSN 0003-5483. 
  4. ^ Consonant Systems of the North-East Caucasian Languages on TITUS DIDACTICA