Karauli district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Karauli.
Karauli district in Rajasthan

Karauli District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. The town of Karauli is the district headquarters. Karauli is famous for Hindaun's red-stone and slate factories.

The population of the district is 1,458,248 (2011 census), indicating a population density is 264 persons per km².


Geography & Location[edit]

The district of Karauli encompasses an area of 5530 km². It is bordered by Dholpur District to the east; by Bharatpur District to the north-east; by Dausa District to the north; and by Sawai Madhopur District to the west.

The Chambal River forms the south-eastern boundary of the district, 5 K.M. far from Mandrayal across which lies the state of Madhya Pradesh. While almost the entire district is covered by hills and ravines, there are no lofty peaks, the highest having an elevation of less than 1400 feet above sea-level.

Good grade stone and some iron ore comprise the mineral resources of the area.

History[edit]

Karauli is one of the holiest city of India as there are more than 300 temples. According to the Ancient history, region of Karauli was under Matsya Kingdom before 11th century. It is to be highly noted that Raja Bijai Pal a Jadon Rajput founded the modern princely state Karauli in 995. The local legends and Hindu scholars believe that he was the 88th in descent of Lord Krishna.

On the other hand, historians and scholars cite that it was Maharaja Arjun Dev Yadav who founded the princely state of Karauli in 1348. It is to be remembered that till 19th century, Karauli was an independent principality. In 1818, this region came under the direct rule of the Rajputana Agency.

How to Reach Karauli[edit]

Karauli Location- Karauli city is located in the Karauli district in the east of Rajasthan state in western India. Karauli is situated at 114 kilometres west from Agra and 158 kilometres from the city of Jaipur. It has an average elevation of 275 metres (902 ft).

Getting Here By Road-The district of Karauli is well connected by the network of road to other major and minor cities and towns of Rajasthan and rest of India. This district is nearly 170 km away from Jaipur, the capital city of Rajasthan. There are number of private and government buses plying between Karauli and rest of Rajasthan cities. The tourist can hire a taxi to move around and visit the major and minor destinations of this district.

By Train-The major two railway station that connects to Karauli is Hindaun City and Gangapur railway station. These railway stations are located on Delhi-Kota main route and on the broad gauge of Northern Western Railway line. This particular railway line has good connectivity towards various parts of the country.

By Air-Jaipur Sanganer Airport is the nearest airport from where you can reach the district of Karauli. It is nearly 170 km from the airport. You can or hire a taxi to reach this district headquarter. The other airport that is a bit far from Karauli is Kheria Airport. There is regular flights connectivity between other major and minor airports of Rajasthan such as Udaipur, Karauli and Aurangabad. These airports have daily flights to major cities of India like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai.

Tourist place[edit]

Kaila Devi Temple: Kaila devijee temple is a Hindu temple situated 23 km from Karauli and 37 km from Gangapur City in the Rajasthan state in India. The temple is located on the banks of the Kalisil river, a tributary of the Banas River in the hills of Trikut, 2 km to the north-west of Kaila village. The temple is dedicated to the tutelary deity, goddess Kaila Devi, of the erstwhile princely Jadaun Rajput rulers of the Karauli state. It is a marble structure with a large courtyard of a checkered floor. In one place are a number of red flags planted by devotees.

Madan Mohan Ji Temple: Madan Mohan is a form of the Hindu god, Krishna. Krishna is celebrated as Madan Mohan, who mesmerises everyone. His consort, Radha is glorified as Madan Mohan's Mohini, the mesmeriser of the mesmeriser for spiritual aspirants. Radha is known as the mediator without whom access to Krishna is not possible. Originally from Shri Vrindavan,Madan Mohan ji went to Amer in Jaipur with Raja Sawai Jai Singh II - the founder of Jaipur and from there was brought to Karauli in Rajasthan by Maharaj Gopal Singh after he conquered the battle of Daulatabad.

Mehandipur Balaji Temple: mehandipurBalaji Mandir is a mandir in the Indian state of Rajasthan dedicated to the Hindu God Hanuman. The name Balaji is applied to Sri Hanuman in several parts of India because the childhood (Bala in Hindi or Sanskrit) form of the Lord is especially celebrated there. It is important to note that the temple is not dedicated to Balaji another name for Krishna. Unlike similar religious sites it is located in a town rather than the countryside. Its reputation for ritualistic healing and exorcism of evil spirits attracts many pilgrims from Rajasthan and elsewhere.

Shri Mahavir Ji Temple: Shri Mahaveer Ji temple is in Karauli district in Rajasthan, India and is 110 km from Sawai Madhopur town. Earlier known as Chandanpur, this small village became famous as a Jain religious site after an ancient idol of Mahaveer was excavated from its soil several hundred years ago. It was then renamed as Shri Mahaveer Ji This idol was excavated over 200 years ago from the same spot, after which the temple was constructed. Thousands of worshipers flock from across India to catch a glimpse of this famous statue.

BHANWAR VILAS PALACE: Maharaja Ganesh Pal Deo Bahadur, the great monarch of Karauli, got the ancient fortress built in the year 1938. It was preordained to function as the palatial house of the old regal family. Classical buildings with royal panache and antique historical fittings in the spacious interiors are some of the main basic qualities of the Bhanwar Vilas Palace. Recently partially transformed into a rich heritage hotel, it still privately accommodates the wealthy imperial clan of Karauli.

Kaila Devi Sanctuary: The Kaila Devi Wildlife Sanctuary begins right after the temple and runs along both sides of the road all the way to Karanpur, and further on to join the Ranthambhore National Park. Chinkaras, nilgai, jackals and leopards are to be found here, as are birds such as sandpipers and kingfishers.

City Palace: Arjun Pal built the palace, along with the town, in the 14th century. However, little or nothing of the original can now be seen. What you do see is the structure erected by Raja Gopal Singh in the 18th century. He chose to adopt the Delhi style of architecture – the abundance of red sandstone in Karauli, similar to that used in Delhi, made the rendering easy. The more embellished additions came in the 19th century. White and off-white stones have been used very becomingly, painted upon with bright blues, reds, browns and oranges. From the terrace atop the palace, you can see the town laid out by the River Bhadrawati below, and the ravines and hills beyond.

Chhatri of Raja Gopal Singh: The chhatri of Raja Gopal Singh, outside the Nadi Gate leading out of the palace to the river below, is stunningly adorned with frescoes. Dayanand Saraswati, the 19th century reformer and founder of the Arya Samaj, is said to have given a sermon here.

Timan Garh Fort: 40 km from the district headquarters in the heart of the hills on the edge of the historic Sea reservoir built in 1244 AD, the fort was built by Timnpal Ydvanshi ruler . Museum of architecture with architectural sculptures is called a precious treasure of the fort.

Dev Giri Fort: Located 70 km from the district headquarters near Krnpur Untgiri , Durg devgiri is historical . In the present case in that they are cap - are cap Durg is strategically important . Located on the banks of Chambal high hills Durgo old statues and remains of palaces . Chambal River flows nearby crocodile is found in large quantities .

Mandrayal: 40 km from the district headquarters is Mndrayl Durg . The year 1327 was dominated by Arjun Dev about the ruler of Karauli . The Trinity Baradari temple , located in the middle of the court , and is worth a visit Bala Durg . Rhugat in Chambal River flows nearby waterfall , crocodile century is worth seeing .

Gadhmora: Located 90 kilometers from the district headquarters nestled in the lap of the Aravalli mountain chain Gdmora mythological , historical and idyllic town . The castle on the hill in Gdmora Rajamordwaj , Temple , Konark style wall and Buddhists stupas 13th - 14th century architecture is superior specimen Kedar Nath Baba 's cave , 13 km long , as well as to present the historical fair every year Makarsankranti.Lord devnarayan temple , Narayani Mata temple , throughout the year of continuous running water reservoir , Shivmath 1100 years old ,The only son Hanuman temple Makardhwaj and perform natural beauty attract tourists to their side .

Gufa Temple: Gufa temple is believed to be the original temple of Kaila Devi. The native and foreign tourists are requested not to venture into this region as this forest area is dotted with wild animals. This temple falls under the jungle of the Ranthambore. The devotees walk nearly 8–10 km from the town in order to reach this temple and have darshan.

Weather in Karauli[edit]

The climatic condition of Karauli district is throughout the year sunny temperature ranging between high 35 °C and low 23 °C. The Humidity of this region ranges from 31 to 35 % with a dew point of 11° to 15°. The winds speed is NW 11-15 km/h. The chance of precipitation may be 30% to 40%. During the rainy season the village gets scattered showers. This region is termed to be dry climate area of subtropical region. There is also distinct winter and long summer season. The recorded Highest Temperature is 49.0C during May-June and Lowest Temperature is 20.0 C during January. The average rainfall recorded in this district is 880mm. The monsoon season falls in July to September.

Best time to visit Karauli[edit]

It is to be highly noted that the native and foreign tourist can visit this district between March and April when the annual fair is conducted in Kaila Devi temple. During the rest of the year also is the best time to visit this particular district. It is to be remembered that between June to September, this region faces rainy season. If you are comfortable with rainy season then these months are also a pleasant months to visit this particular district.

Settlements of Karauli[edit]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Karauli one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Karauli district has a population of 1,458,459,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland[3] or the US state of Hawaii.[4] This gives it a ranking of 340th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 264 inhabitants per square kilometre (680/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.57%.[2] Karauli has a sex ratio of 858 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 67.34%.[2] Meena and Gurjer caste dominates in Karauli.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Swaziland 1,370,424 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301 
  5. ^ http://www.newsbullet.in/india/34-more/48432-rajasthan-goes-to-polls-today-

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°30′00″N 77°01′12″E / 26.50000°N 77.02000°E / 26.50000; 77.02000