He published his poetic works and art criticisms in the journal Moderní revue (Modern review). He was also active as an artist, creating works that suggest his anxieties about sex, such as Exile. He was the founder member and the first president of the nationalist and athletic Sokol group in the Prague suburb of Libeň. He died of tuberculosis.
His work is notable for its great musicality.
- Sokolské sonety (Sonnets of falcon or Sonnets of Sokol) - his first and least important book
- Pozdě k ránu (Late before morning) - a typically melancholy Czech Symbolist book of poetry, written with musicality and unusual rhymes
- Mstivá kantiléna (Vindictive cantilena) - his most important work, a Decadent book, the poetic interpretation of Geuzen, it describes their despair
- Žalmy (Psalms) - unfinished book, a collection of hymn-like poems, stylised as biblical Psalms