April 12, 1944|
Kroměříž, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
|Died||March 3, 1994
|Genres||folk, Protest song|
|Occupation(s)||poet, Singer-songwriter, musician, graphic artist|
|Labels||Supraphon, Primaphon, Caston, Bonton, And the End Records|
Karel Kryl (April 12, 1944 Kroměříž – March 3, 1994 Munich) was an iconic Moravian singer-songwriter and performer of many protest songs in which he identified and attacked the stupidity and inhumanity of the Communist and later also post-communist regimes in his home country.
The lyrics of Karel Kryl's songs are highly poetic and sophisticated, with a frequent use of metaphors and historical allusions. The sparse sounds of an accompanying acoustic guitar served to underscore the natural flow of the lyrics themselves. In certain respects—especially the complexity of his lyrics and his accompaniment by a single acoustic guitar—Kryl was similar to a young Bob Dylan. However, unlike Dylan, the Czech singer had a smooth and pure voice, which gave a hauntingly sad quality to his mournful lyrics. He was bitterly critical of the new regime established after the collapse of communism in his country, including of Václav Havel, and those who were responsible for the destruction of Czechoslovakia in 1992.
Kryl was born on April 12, 1944, in Kroměříž, in German-occupied Czechoslovakia, . He was the son of Karel Kryl and Marie Šebestová. His father owned a printing business, which was confiscated from the family in 1948 after the communist takeover. Kryl wanted to be a potter and studied at an industrial secondary school where he specialized in ceramics. He graduated in 1962.
Kryl moved to Prague in 1968 as an assistant at Czechoslovak Television. In his spare time he performed his songs in numerous small clubs. When the Warsaw Pact armies occupied Czechoslovakia on August 21, 1968, to suppress the Prague Spring reform movement, Kryl released his first album. The title song Bratříčku zavírej vrátka (Close the Gate, Little Brother) was composed spontaneously on 22.8. 1968 as an immediate reaction to the occupation. The album described his perception of the inhumanity of the regime and his views on life under communist rule. The album was released in early 1969 and was banned and removed from shelves shortly after.
Kryl left Czechoslovakia in 1969 to attend a music festival at Waldeck Castle in West Germany. Faced with certain imprisonment in his homeland, he decided to apply for political asylum and stay. His second album, Rakovina (meaning "Cancer" in Czech) was banned in Czechoslovakia; however, copies were smuggled into the country and circulated widely. The title song, and other songs on the album, reflected on the paralysis that brought the nation of the Prague Spring on its knees and into a new subjugation; they reference the self-sacrifice of Jan Palach as well as the brutal suppression by the Czechoslovak police of peaceful protests on the first anniversary of the 1968 invasion. Kryl attained a second, German, graduation in 1973 and went on to study art history and journalism at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, though he never attained a title. For the majority of his time in exile, Kryl worked for Radio Free Europe and released a number of albums during this period. Though his albums were banned in Czechoslovakia and not played on government-controlled radio stations, many of his songs became iconic back in his homeland, where listening to his records or singing his songs became a major component of underground protest. Kryl went on several tours across Scandinavia, North America and Australia. During this time, he composed songs not only in his native Czech, but also in Polish and German.
In the enthusiastic November days of 1989, during the Velvet Revolution, Kryl returned to Czechoslovakia to attend his mother’s funeral. At first he was thrilled, but he later reportedly became disappointed with the transformation of society. He continued to write protest songs criticising politicians and others responsible for the failure of the country’s transition to an authentic democracy, especially those who left the Communist party in or after 1989. Kryl attacked those who seeked to manipulate the Czech and Slovak citizens by nationalist catchphrases and lies about economic transformation. Due to the conditions in the country that he considered unbearable, he decided to leave for Germany again. On March 3, 1994, just a month before his fiftieth birthday, Karel Kryl died of a heart attack in a Munich hospital.
- 1989 - the Jan Zahradníček award for Czech Poetry, from the Czechoslovakian Literature Club in Los Angeles
- 1994 - a silver memorial medal from the Charles University for contributions to the spiritual development and the moral support of the nation, in memoriam
- 1995 - František Kriegl award
- 1995 - the Czech Grammy
- 1995 a Medal of Merit II. class from president Václav Havel
- Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
- Hraje a zpívá Karel Kryl
- Kníška Karla Kryla
- Sedm básniček na zrcadlo
- 17 kryptogramů na dívčí jména
- (Zpod stolu) sebrané spisy
- Z mého plíživota
- Zbraně pro Erató
- Sněhurka v hadřících
- POD GRAFIKU
- Texty písní
- Demokracie, aneb s malou vadou na kráse…
- Bratříčku, zavírej vrátka (1969, LP, Panton, ČSSR)
- Rakovina (1969, LP, Primaphon, Germany)
- Maškary (1970, LP, Caston, Germany)
- Carmina Resurrectionis (1974, EP, Caston, Germany)
- Karavana mraků (1979, LP, Šafrán 78, Sweden)
- Plaváček (1983)
- Ocelárna (1984, EP)
- Dopisy (1988, MC)
- Tekuté písky (1990, LP, MC, CD, Bonton, Czechoslovakia)
- Dvě půle lunety aneb rebelant o lásce (1992, recitation poems of Karel Kryl)
- Monology (1992, LP, CD, MC Janez, Czechoslovakia)
- To nejlepší 1 (1993, CD, MC, Bonton, Czech Republic)
- Děkuji (1995)
- Jedůfky (1996)
- To nejlepší 2 (1998)
- Churaň, Milan. "KRYL Karel". KDO BYL KDO v našich dějinách ve 20. století. Nakladatelství Libri. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- Kryl, Karel. "Životopis". Marlen Kryl. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- Kryl, Karel (2000). Krylogie: Půlkacíř. TORST. p. 64. ISBN 80-7215-102-9.
- Horáková, Pavla (2006-08-22). "Radia.cz Article". Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- "Kryl Discography". Retrieved 2009-06-25.
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