Kargil order of battle

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US Navy map of Kargil, 2008.

The Kargil war order of battle (KWORBAT), is a deposition and systematic combatant structure of the Indian Army troops and the unified Pakistan Armed Forces combat commands, active in the region in 1999. The Indian Army orbat is based on the publications provided by the Indian military authors, news media and official sources.

The Pakistan orbat is based on the intelligence information provided by the Pakistani media (both electronic and print media), military authors, and Pakistani documentaries made after the conflict. The Pakistan orbat does not include the separatist fighters who claimed by India to be also involved in fighting atop the peaks of Kargil, however, this claim has been strongly dismissed by the senior military commanders of Pakistan armed forces command, quoting that "all soldiers were the active duty personnel of the [Pakistan] armed forces.[1]

Indian Orbat[edit]

Indian Army[edit]

Northern Command

  • XV Corps
  • XV Corps Artillery Brigade
  • HQ 8 Mountain Division (ex Sharifabad, Valley)
  • 8 Mountain Artillery Brigade (division artillery)
  • 121(Independent) Infantry Brigade Group
    • 16 Grenadiers
    • 4 Jat
    • 3 Punjab
    • 10 Garhwal
    • BSF Bn
    • Det 17 Guards (ATGM)
  • 56 Mountain Brigade (Matayan) (part of division)
    • 16 Grenadiers
    • 18 Grenadiers
    • 8 Sikh
    • 1 Naga
    • 2 Raj Rif
    • 18 Garhwal
    • 13 JAK Rif
    • 1/3 GR
    • 9 Para Cdos
    • Det 17 Guards (ATGM)
  • 50 (Independent) Parachute Brigade (ex Army HQ Reserves)
    • 6 Parachute
    • 7 Parachute
    • 1 Parachute Commandos
    • Det 19 Guards (ATGM)
  • 192 Mountain Brigade (part of division)
    • 18 Grenadiers
    • 8 Sikh
    • 9 Para Cdos
    • Det 17 Guards (ATGM)
  • 79 Mountain Brigade (Dras) (part of division)
    • 17 Jat
    • 28 RR
    • 12 Mahar
    • 13 JAK Rif
    • 2 Naga
    • 9 Para Cdos
    • Det 17 Guards (ATGM)

3 Infantry Division (Leh)

  • 3 Artillery Brigade (divisional artillery)
  • 70 Infantry Brigade Group (ex Demchok, China border) (regularly assigned to division)
    • 1/11 GR
    • 12 JAK LI
    • 10 Para Cdos
    • 1 Bihar
    • Ladakh Scouts
    • 17 Garhwal
    • 5 Para
    • 14 Sikh
    • Det 19 Guards (ATGM)
  • 102 (Independent) Infantry Brigade Group (Shyok River Valley) (normally under command 3 Division)
    • 11 Rajputana Rifles
    • 9 Mahar
    • 13 Kumaon
    • 27 Rajput
    • Det High Altitude Warfare School Permanent Cadre
    • Det 19 Guards (ATGM)

Kargil Theatre Artillery (these arty units took part in the War serving under various formations)

Lt = Light; Fd = Field; Med = Medium; Hvy Mor = Heavy Mortar

    • 4 Fd Regt
    • 15 Fd Regt
    • 41 Fd Regt
    • 108 Med Regt
    • 139 Med Regt
    • 141 Fd Regt
    • 153 Med Regt
    • 158 Med Regt
    • 197 Fd Regt
    • 212 Rocket Regt
    • 244 Hvy Mor Regt
    • 253 Med Regt
    • 255 Fd Regt
    • 286 Med Regt
    • 305 Med Regt
    • 307 Med Regt
    • 315 Fd Regt
    • 1861 Lt Regt
    • 1889 Lt Regt

Other battalions[2]

    • 5 Special Frontier Force (Vikas Force)
    • 663 Reconnaissance & Observation Squadron
    • 668 Reconnaissance & Observation Squadron
    • Ladakh Scouts: Karakoram & India Wings
    • 13 Punjab
    • 12 Grenadiers
    • 22 Grenadiers
    • 7 Jat (may have been mistaken)
    • 14 Sikh LI (may have been mistaken)
    • 9 Rashtriya Rifles
    • 14 Rashtriya Rifles
    • 17 Rashtriya Rifles
    • 11 Sikh
    • 3 J&K Rifles
    • 16 Dogras
    • Dogra Scouts
    • 5 Rajput
    • 9 Mahar

Indian Air Force[edit]

Apart from the involvement of the Indian Army, the Indian Air Force (IAF) also participated in the Kargil War as part of Operation Safed Sagar.

Pakistan orbat[edit]

Initially, the Kargil order of battle was planned by the Directorate-General for Military Operaions (DGMO) Brigadier-General Nadeem Ahmed. However, after the IAF strike and Indian advancement in the region, the PAF and the Navy deployed and issued orders to their combat forces. Their missions were to conduct surveillance and air patrolling; no other combat units of PAF and Navy participated in the combat. The inter-services order of battle is mentioned in the table. According to the Pakistan news channels reports and military declassified information, the Kargil infiltration was comprehensively planned by the joint officers at the Joint Staff Headquarters, a joint office secretariat which then-served under General Musharraf.

From the starting of the conflict, there were numerous inter-services meeting coordinated by the chairman joint chiefs, to Prime minister Nawaz Sharif. The controversy still surrounds in the military science circle of the Pakistan armed forces, with chief of naval staff and chief of air staff including key theatre commanders of army combatant corps, leveling up the accusations that the Kargil front was launched without their knowledge or confidence.

Army formation[edit]

  • Notes: The confusion still remains in Pakistan Army on how many actual army corps and units fought in the Kargil war. In 2013 television interview to Capital Talk programme of Geo News , Colonel Ashfaq Hussain maintained that "not the entire army was fully informed; only few independent army units, assisted by special forces, were active in the area." It is confirmed that all personnel were the active-duty members of the Pakistan army. According to Kargil theatre commander Lt. Gen. Shahid Aziz, no foreign elements were active in fight against the Indian army.
    • 5 NLI battalion
    • 6 NLI battalion
    • 12 NLI battalion[3]
    • 13 NLI battalion
    • 24 SIND[4]
    • 27 SIND

PAF formation[edit]

Navy formation[edit]

  • Note: No Navy units took active participation. The Navy was on high-alert but strictly ordered by Admiral Bokhari to not to escalate the crises into sea. Although, Navy had its own significance in the Kargil theatre, but no crucial operations and efforts were applied or undertaken by Navy to support the army. According to the chief of naval staff, General Musharraf, as chairman joint chiefs, had failed to take navy in confidence prior to the starting of the conflict.
    • Pakistan Navy Commander Karachi[7]
    • Pakistan Naval Air Arm
      • The Pakistan Navy, in a defensive mood, directed all its units to keep clear of Indian naval ships. As the exercise shifted closer to the Makaran Coast, Pakistan moved all its major combatants out of Karachi. The Navy remained high-alert, although orders were not to escalate the crises to sea. The Navy launched surveillance operations; Karachi port remains high-alert.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aziz, Shahid (6 January 2013). "Putting our children in line of fire". The Nation. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  2. ^ This list is compiled from newspaper and casualty reports.
  3. ^ Nishan i Haider
  4. ^ In the FCNA region from October 1998 onwards
  5. ^ Lieven Dewitte. "PAF F-16s deployed in Skardu". July 3, 1999. General F-16 News. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Kargil Conflict and Pakistan Air Force". PAF operations. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Navy in Kargil war". GLobal war. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  8. ^ Hiranandani, G.M. (2009). Transition to guardianship : the Indian navy 1991-2000. New Delhi: Published by Principal Director of Administration, Integrated Headquarters, Ministry of Defence (Navy) [in association with] Lancer Publishers. ISBN 1-935501-26-7. 

27 Sind

Sources[edit]