Karijini National Park

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Karijini National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Karijini.jpg
Looking towards Red Gorge from Oxers lookout
Karijini National Park is located in Western Australia
Karijini National Park
Karijini National Park
State Western Australia
Nearest town or city Tom Price
Coordinates 22°29′46″S 118°23′50″E / 22.49611°S 118.39722°E / -22.49611; 118.39722Coordinates: 22°29′46″S 118°23′50″E / 22.49611°S 118.39722°E / -22.49611; 118.39722
Area 6,274.42 km2 (2,422.6 sq mi)[1]
Established 1969
Visitation 166,000 (in 2009)[2]
Managing authorities Department of Environment and Conservation (Western Australia)
Website Karijini National Park
See also List of protected areas of
Western Australia
Kermit's Pool in Hancock Gorge
Dales Gorge

Karijini National Park is a National Park centred in the Hamersley Ranges of the Pilbara region in northwestern Western Australia (Australia). It is just north of the Tropic of Capricorn, approximately 1,055 kilometres (656 mi) from the State's capital city, Perth. Formerly known as Hamersley National Park, it was renamed in 1991.[3]

At 627,442 hectares (1,550,440 acres), it is the second largest national park in Western Australia (Karlamilyi National Park is larger).

The park is physically split into a northern and a southern half by a corridor containing the Hamersley & Robe River railway and the Marandoo iron ore mine.[4]

The park is served by the Solomon Airport, located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) westwards.

History[edit]

A party led by explorer F.T. Gregory explored the area in 1861. He named the Hamersley Range, on which the park is centred, after his friend Edward Hamersley.

Climate[edit]

The park is located in the Pilbara region, and is mostly tropical semi-arid climate. In summer, thunderstorms and cyclones are common, bringing 250–350 mm of rain annually.[5] Temperatures on summer days frequently exceed 40 degrees Celsius, while winter nights can bring frost.

Geology[edit]

The five gorges that flow north out of the park, the Bee Gorge, Wittenoom Gorge, Kalamina Gorge, Yampire Gorge, and Dales Gorge provide spectacular displays of the rock layers [6][7]

Features[edit]

Waterfall in Joffre Gorge

The park is most notable for its four prominent gorges marked by waterfalls and water holes.[14]

The park's wildlife includes red kangaroos, euros, wallaroos, echidnas, geckos, goannas, bats, legless lizards and a large variety of birds and snakes, including pythons.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Department of Environment and Conservation 2009–2010 Annual Report". Department of Environment and Conservation. 2010. p. 48. ISSN 1835-114X. 
  2. ^ ABC: Karijini National Park visitor numbers drop, 13 October 2010
  3. ^ Department of Conservation and Land Management; National Parks and Nature Conservation Authority (1999). "Karijini National Park Management Plan No. 40" (PDF). Government of Western Australia. p. 1. Archived from the original on 12 March 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Australia Road and 4WD Atlas, publisher: HEMA maps, published: 2007, page: 86-87
  5. ^ M. Bright, 1001 Natural Wonders You Must See Before You Die, Quintet Publishing, London 2005
  6. ^ Thorne, Alan (2003) Geology of the Gorges DEC
  7. ^ MacLeod, W. N. (1966) The geology and iron deposits of the Hamersley Range area. Bulletin (Geological Survey of Western Australia), No. 117,http://henrietta.liswa.wa.gov.au/record=b2251313~S2 -
  8. ^ http://www.riotintoironore.com/ENG/operations/497_geology.asp
  9. ^ http://www.portergeo.com.au/tours/iron2002/iron2002depm1.asp
  10. ^ http://dbforms.ga.gov.au/pls/www/geodx.strat_units.sch_full?wher=stratno=20327
  11. ^ http://www.fish.wa.gov.au/docs/pub/AquaGroundWater/pilbara.php?9999
  12. ^ http://www.physorg.com/news110122626.html
  13. ^ http://www.springerlink.com/content/12va3dery2y50auu/
  14. ^ "Karijini National Park". westernaustralia.com. Archived from the original on 8 September 2006. Retrieved 19 December 2006. 
  15. ^ "Karijini National Park - Beyond The 26th". ABC. Archived from the original on 24 November 2007. Retrieved 19 December 2006. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Padgett, Allan (1991) Karijini National Park - description of some of the more remote gorges. Landscope, Vol. 7, no. 1 (Spring 1991), pp. 16–21

External links[edit]