Karimnagar

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This article is about the city. For its eponymous district, see Karimnagar district.
Karimnagar
కరీంనగర్
کریم نگر

Elgandal
City
Elgandal fort,Lower Manair Dam,Jubilee Kaman,Tower Circle
Elgandal fort,Lower Manair Dam,Jubilee Kaman,Tower Circle
Nickname(s): "City of Granites"
Karimnagar is located in Telangana
Karimnagar
Karimnagar
Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417
Country India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
District Karimnagar
Named for Syed Kareemullah Shah Saheb Quadri
Government
 • Body Karimnagar Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Sardar Ravindar Singh
 • M.L.A Gangula Kamalakar
 • M.P B.Vinod Kumar(TRS)
Area
 • Total 121.99 km2 (47.10 sq mi)
Elevation 265 m (869 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 260,899
 • Rank 4th
Demonym Karimnagarites
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 505001-505002
Telephone code 91-878-
Vehicle registration TS 02[1]
Sex ratio 1.014 /
HDI Increase 0.572
HDI Category medium
Literacy 84.93%
Planning agency Karimnagar Municipal Corporation
Climate Tropical (Köppen)
Precipitation 995 millimetres (39.2 in)
Avg. annual temperature 31 °C (88 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 37 °C (99 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 22 °C (72 °F)

Karimnagar is a city and Municipal Corporation in the state of Telangana. The city is located on the banks of the Manair River, which is a tributary of the Godavari River. It is the administrative headquarters of the Karimnagar District. Karimnagar is situated 165 kilometres (103 mi) north of the state capital, Hyderabad.

History[edit]

The city was named after Syed Karimuddin, who is thought to be its founder.Kotilingala in Karimnagar is the first capital of Satavahana kingdom.Karimnagar was formerly known as 'Sabbinadu' and inscriptions of the Kakatiya king Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and Srisailam suggest evidence of its rich history.[2]

The history of the Karimnagar district starts from the Old Stone Age i.e. from 1,48,000 BC. It is evident from the tools, culture and other materials found at different places in Karimnagar. The excavations at Pedda Bonkur, Dhollikatte and Kotilingalu are evidences for history.

From these evidences it is concluded that Karimnagar is ruled by Shathavahanas. After Shathavahanas Mourya Kings, Asafzalu Kings ruled over Karimnagar. The buildings, constructions made by these kings are today remarkable evidences of the history.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The city of Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation. The Municipality of Karimnagar was upgraded to incorporated in 2005. Thousands of people within city limits reside outside corporation boundaries. Many areas on the outskirts have yet to be merged into corporation limits. The total population of the city (along with Karimnagar Sub-Urban and Karimnagar Rural) is around 3,30,000. The Municipal Corporation consists of members elected from the wards of the city. The Mayor and Deputy Mayor are elected by the members among themselves. A Municipal Commissioner, who is from the Indian Administrative Service is appointed to head the administrative staff of the Municipal Corporation and implement the decisions of the Corporation and prepare its annual budget. The literacy rate of Karimnagar Agglomeration is 84.93% which is almost equals to National Urban average of 85%. Literacy rate for male and female for Karimnagar stood at 91.06% and 78.69% respectively.[4]

Religions in Karimnagar
Religion Percentage
Hindu
  
83.27%
Muslim
  
16.1%
Christian
  
0.59%
Others
  
0.4%

Climate[edit]

Scenery at LMD Reservoir

Karimnagar experiences dry inland climatic conditions with hot summers and cool winters.[5] The city of Karimnagar gets most of its rainfall from the Southwest monsoon. The summer season is extremely hot, but temperatures decline with the onset of the monsoons, and the winter season is generally cool. The most popular tourist season is from November to February.

The summer season starts in March and can continue through early June. During this period temperatures range from a minimum of 27 °C to a maximum of 39 °C. The highest recorded temperature in the area is around 44 °C. Nights are much cooler, and the humidity is around 50%. October and November experiences increased rainfall from the Northeast monsoon. During this time, daytime temperatures average around 30 °C. The winter season starts in December and lasts through February. During this time, temperatures range from a minimum of 20 °C to a maximum of 35 °C.

Climate data for Karimnagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
37
(99)
40
(104)
42
(108)
37
(99)
33
(91)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
34.4
(94)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
18
(64)
15
(59)
22.2
(71.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
8
(0.31)
43
(1.69)
17
(0.67)
41
(1.61)
162
(6.38)
204
(8.03)
126
(4.96)
133
(5.24)
75
(2.95)
48
(1.89)
18
(0.71)
907
(35.7)
Source: Sunmap

Civic administration[edit]

The city of Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation.[6] The Municipality of Karimnagar was incorporated in 2005. Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation, consisting of elected representatives and a commissioner. The city is divided into wards, and each ward elects a corporator. A mayor is elected for the city from the elected corporators by indirect ballot. The commissioner (part of the IAS) is appointed by the state government. The city is represented at the state level in the Telangana State Assembly by two MLAs, and at the federal level in the Lok Sabha by an MP.

Healthcare

Apollo Reach Hospitals,Karimnagar

Karimnagar has evolved into a major health centre at the beginning of the 21st century because it is centrally located to all the talukas like Jagtial, Sircilla, Ramagundam, Kodimyal, Manthani, Huzurabad, Jammikunta, Husnabad, Choppadandi, Malyal and Gangadhara. Patients come from all over the district. Government Civil Hospital is the dominant medical institution.[7]

Economy[edit]

NTPC Ramagundam,Karimnagar.
Switchyard of NTPC Ltd., Ramagundam

As of 2006, there were 5,806 small-scale industries in the district. The bulk of the industries are based on agriculture, engineering, forest and mineral sectors and animal husbandry, employing about 42,619 people. These units mostly consist of rice mills, saw, oil, dhall and other grain mills, seed and other processing mills. Some important small-sector industries are engineering, manufacture of paper and tiles, stone dressing and crushing, cement and concrete pipes, and motor vehicle repair. The major industries in the district are National Thermal Power Corporation at Ramagundam, Singareni Collories at Godavarihani, and Nizam Sugar factory at Mutyampet.

Singareni Collories

The mining of coal deposits in the Godavari valley coalfield, which is the only repository of coal in South India. It is spread over four districts of Telangana, namely Adilabad, Karimnagar, Khammam and Warangal.[8]

Kesoram Cements is one of the Birla group of companies,[9] Granite industries are also famous.[10]

Culture and cuisine[edit]

Telugu is the major language spoken in Karimnagar; Urdu is also widely spoken. The typical attire includes the traditional Chira and Pancha, and also modern dress styles. Karimnagar Silver Filigree is one of the local silverware handicrafts.

Festivals

The spring festival of Bathukamma is typical in this region. Other major Hindu festivals celebrated in the region include Ugadi, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Chavithi, Holi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, and Maha Sivaratri.

Muslims in this area also celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Ramadan (ninth month of the Islamic calendar), Laylat al-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr), Isra and Mi'raj (Shab-e-Meraj), Shab-e-barat (Mid-Sha'ban), Milad-un-Nabi (Mawlid) and Muharram (Day of Ashura). These are usually greeted with great pomp and ceremony. Christians in this area celebrate Christmas and Good Friday.

Cuisine

Sakinalu is one of the many traditional snacks made in Karimnagar,[11] especially for the Sankranti festival. They are made of rice flour and sesame seeds, and fried in oil. Biryani is a common cuisine of the state. Sarvapindi is another traditional snack native to the Telangana state.[12]

Transportation[edit]

The APSRTC Garuda,[13] connects Karimnagar with neighbouring cities.

Road[edit]

Karimnagar city is located 162 kilometres from Hyderabad, 70 kilometres from Warangal and 150 kilometres from Nizamabad. It is connected with SH-1 (Hyderabad-Karimnagar-Ramagundam Road). TSRTC(Telangana State Road Transport Corporation), has a Zonal headquarters (covering Adilabad, Nizamabad, Warangal, Khammam, and Karimnagar Districts) in Karimnagar.[14] It has one of the busiest bus stations in India with over 2,500 buses everyday

Karimnagar is not fully served by rail, so most of the commuters in the city use buses to travel to distant places. TSRTC operates buses from Karimnagar to several places like Hyderabad/Secunderabad (served by 300 buses every day including Volvo coaches), Adilabad, Nizamabad, Warangal, Khammam, Jagtail, Manchiryal, Bellampalli, Godavarikhani, Bhadrachalam, Nalgonda,Suryapet, Vijayawada, Vishakapatnam, Guntur, Piduguralla, Ongole, Kandukur, Kavali, Nellore, Puttaparthi, and Tirupathi, in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. More distant destinations include Mumbai, Bhiwandi, Shirdi, Chandrapur, Gadhchiroli, Gondia, Ramtek, and Ahiri in Maharashtra State, and Bangalore (served by Volvo Coach) in Karnataka State.

Rail[edit]

Goods train halts at Karimnagar railway station

Karimnagar railway station is located on the Peddapalli-Karimnagar-Nizamabad railway line. It is connected by a single broad gauge railway line with the Main Line (North-South or New Delhi-Chennai) at Peddapalli (35 kilometres) to the northeast. Once the last phase of Armur-Nizamabad line is completed, which is expected by the end of 2014, Karimnagar will be directly connected to cities like Nizamabad, Nanded, Shirdi, Aurangabad, Pune, Mumbai,Vadodara,Surat and Ahmedabad . Karimnagar Railway Station is served by Karimnagar-Tirupati Super Fast Express Train and a daily passenger train (Jagityal-Karimnagar-Sirpur, Push Pull Passenger-Up/Down). Karimnagar Railway Station also generates good revenues to Indian Railways in terms of freight transport and it is one among very few stations in India which handles granite. The nearest major railway junction is Kazipet Junction, which has 147 trains passing through.

Air[edit]

There is an airport at Basant nagar Kesoram cement factory at Ramagundam which is about 50 km from Karimnagar City. It was used when the government of India was operating Vayudoot airlines, a subsidiary of Air India and Indian Airlines. After the closure of Vayudoot, it has not been in regular use. As of 2010, it is only used for landing of any VVIP's flights or for emergency landings. The nearest international airport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, located 162 km away from Karimnagar. The Telangana state government is planning to develop this airport as a part of developing a second airport in Telangana region.

Tourism[edit]

Main article: Elgandal Fort
Deer Park in Karimnagar

Elgandal Fort is located on the banks of the Manair River amidst palm groves at a distance of 10 km from Karimnagar on the Kamareddy Road. The fort is significant because five important dynasties have ruled over it. The Lower Manair Reservoir was built between 1974 and 1985. The water in this reservoir surges during monsoon season. Rajeev Deer Park is covers 30 acres (12 ha) near the Lower Manair Dam on the outskirts of Karimnagar city.

Famous pilgrimages[edit]

Vemulawada

Vemulawada (or Vemulavada) is a town 35 km from Karimnagar, in the Telangana state, India. It is known for the Sri Raja Rajeshwara Swamy Temple complex, a site of pilgrimage for Hindu worshippers, particularly devotees of Shiva.

Dharmapuri

Dharmapuri attained religious importance for the shrine dedicated to Narasimha Swamy, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Particular sites include Siva with Dakshinamurthy, Vinayaka and Sapitha Mathrukas carved on a single slab of stone; and Mahishasuramardhani, the sixty pillared temple, Mahalakshmi temple, Akkapalle Rajanna, and over five hundred year old sri Sita Rama Swami temple.

Kondagattu

Kondagattu is a temple about 35 km from the district headquarters, dedicated to Lord Anjaneya Swamy. According to folklore, the temple was constructed by a cowherd in the 18th century. The present day temple was built in the 19th century by Krishna Rao Deshmukh. It is believed that if a woman offers puja for 40 days at this temple then she will be blessed with a child. It is about 30 km from Vemulavada. There is a Ghatroad from hilltop to base station.

Kaleshwaram

Kaleshwaram is the site of the famous Shiva temple called "Kaleswara muktheswara swamy". Significance of the Mukteshwara Swamy Temple is the unique presence of two Shiva Lingas found on a single pedestal—one is Lord Shiva and the other Lord Yama—collectively known as Kaleswara Mukteswara Swamy. This place is also called Dakshina Triveni Sangamam. Kaleshwaram village is in Mahadevpur mandal of Karimnagar district, 125 kilometres from the town of Karimnagar and 60 kilometres from Manthani. Kaleshwaram is located exactly at the merging point of the Godavari River and its tributary, the River Pranahita.

People[edit]

  • Professor T. Navneet Rao, Vice-Chancellor, Osmania University
  • Ch. Rajeshwar Rao, Freedom fighter and six time MLA from Sircilla.
  • Ch. Hanumanth Rao, Planning commission member, India
  • Paidi Jairaj, film actor, director, producer and recipient of Dadasaheb Phalke Award for lifetime achievement in 1980.
  • Juvvadi Chokka Rao, three time MP from Karimnagar
  • M. Satyanarayana Rao, three time MP, one time MLA and PCC president
  • Anabheri Prabhakar Rao, Martyr, Freedom Fighter, poet, playwright, composer and artist

Education[edit]

Karimnagar is a major education centre in North-western Telangana. Karimnagar has produced many renowned intellectuals, politicians, poets and technologists over several decades. P.V. Narasimha Rao, former Indian Prime Minister, is among them. Another was Justice N. Kumarayya, who retired as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh and worked for five years as a Judge of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal beginning in 1980. He had the unique distinction of being the first Osmanian ever to become a Judge of High Court in 1955, and later as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh in 1969. Many software students, born and educated in Karimnagar, have migrated to major metropolitan areas in India and across the globe.

Universities

  • JNTUH College of Engineering Jagtial, located at Nachupally(V)(Kondagattu), Kodimyal(M), Karimnagar Dist. jntuh cej
  • JNTUH College of Engineering Manthani, located at Pannuru, Mulkapalli(V), Kamanpur(M), Manthani Assembly Constituency, i.e., near Centenary Colony, Karimnagar Dist. jntuh cem
  • Satavahana University,Karimnagar[15]
  • National Academy of Construction (NAC) has established its one regional centre at Jagtial in Karimnagar district.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "About Karimnagar Dist.". 
  3. ^ "History of Karimnagar Dist.". 
  4. ^ "Karimnagar Urban Region Demographics". 
  5. ^ Weather conditions/Climate in the city of Karimnagar. Mustseeindia.com.
  6. ^ "Karimnagar Municipalities". Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Major hospitals in Karimnagar. Ekarimnagar.com.
  8. ^ "Singareni Colleries". karimnagar.nic.in. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  9. ^ Kesoram Cement Factory,Basantnagar,Karimnagar. Karimnagar.nic.in (17 January 2012)
  10. ^ Granite industry in Karimnagar. Fukushima.org.ua.
  11. ^ Karimnagar vantalu/cuisine[dead link]
  12. ^ Telangana vantalu/Sarvapindi. Pallavi-foodblog.blogspot.com.
  13. ^ "guinnnes". Apsrtc.gov.in. Retrieved 17 May 2010. 
  14. ^ Zonal headquarters of Telangana state road development corporation[dead link]
  15. ^ Satavahana University. Satavahana.ac.in.
  16. ^ National Academy of Construction,Karimnagar region centre[dead link]