Karitiâna language

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Karitiâna
Region Brazil
Ethnicity Karitiâna
Native speakers
210  (2006)[1]
Tupian
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ktn
Glottolog kari1311[2]
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Karitiâna or Caritiana is a Tupian language of the state of Rondônia, in the Amazon region of Brazil. Their reservation, demarcated by the Fundação Nacional do Indio (FUNAI) in 1977, consists of roughly 90,000 hectares of jungle. The majority of the Karitiana people live in one village at the northern edge of this reservation, located 90 km (by road) south of the state capital, Porto Velho.

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Front Central Back
High i ĩ ɨ ɨ̃
Mid e ẽ o õ
Low a ã

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Coronal Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p t k ʔ
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Fricative s h
Rhotic r
Approximant j w

The nasals /m n ɲ/ are prestopped [ᵇm ᵈn ᶡɲ] if they are preceded by an oral vowel, and poststopped [mᵇ nᵈ ɲᶡ] if they are followed by one. The velar nasal /ŋ/ is denasalized to [ɡ] before oral vowels in unstressed syllables, poststopped to [ŋᶢ] before oral vowels in stressed syllables, and prestopped [ᶢŋ] after oral vowels.

/h r j w/ are nasalized [h̃ r̃ w̃ ȷ̃] when surrounded by nasal vowels.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karitiâna at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Karitiana". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.