Kariya, Aichi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, go to Kariya (disambiguation)
Kariya
刈谷市
City
Flag of Kariya
Flag
Location of Kariya in Aichi Prefecture
Location of Kariya in Aichi Prefecture
Kariya is located in Japan
Kariya
Kariya
 
Coordinates: 34°59′N 137°0′E / 34.983°N 137.000°E / 34.983; 137.000Coordinates: 34°59′N 137°0′E / 34.983°N 137.000°E / 34.983; 137.000
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi Prefecture
Government
Area
 • Total 50.45 km2 (19.48 sq mi)
Population (October 2011)
 • Total 145,955
 • Density 2,890/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Camphor Laurel
- Flower Iris laevigata
Phone number 0566-23-1111
Address 1-1 Tōyōchō, Kariya-shi, Aichi-ken 448-8501
Website City of Kariya
Kariya City Hall

Kariya (刈谷市 Kariya-shi?) is a city located in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

As of October 2011, the city has an estimated population of 145,955 and a population density of 2,890 persons per km². The total area is 50.45 km².

Geography[edit]

Kariya is situated in central Aichi Prefecture.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

Kariya was a castle town in the Sengoku period, in an area contested between the Imagawa clan, Oda clan and various local warlords, including the Mizuno clan and Matsudaira clan. Tokugawa Ieyasu’s maternal grandfather Mizuno Tadamasa rebuilt Kariya Castle in the mid-16th century. The Mizuno clan shifted allegiances adroitly between the Imagawa clan to Oda Nobunaga and to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who relocated the clan to Ise Province. However, Mizuno Katsunari, the grandson of Tadamasa was allowed to return to the clan’s ancestral territories by Ieyasu after the Battle of Sekigahara as daimyo of Kariya Domain a feudal han under the Tokugawa shogunate. The domain was reassigned to numerous clans during the Edo period, but was retained by the Doi clan from 1734 until the Meiji restoration.

After the Meiji restoration, Kariya Town was created within Hekikai District, Aichi Prefecture on October 1, 1889. The town prospered as a center for commerce, sake production, sericulture and ceramics due to its location on the main railway routes. The Yosami Transmitting Station, located in Kariya, was Japan’s tallest structure when completed in 1929. Kariya achieved city status on April 1, 1950. The city expanded by annexation of neighboring Fujimatsu and most of Yosami villages on April 1, 1955. Control of the Yosami Transmitting Station was returned to Japan from the United States Navy in 1994, and the former facility is now a city park.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Kariya is dominated by companies related to Toyota Motor Corporation, including Toyota Industries Corporation, Aisin Seiki and Denso Corporation. Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Toyodajidoshoki, was the original company of Toyota Motor Corporation, and later became a subsidiary of that firm. Because the Toyoda Automatic Loom Works was so highly profitable, board members decided to reinvest much of the profits into the growing automobile manufacturing business

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Highway[edit]

Education[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Noted people from Kariya[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]