Kariyashi Station was opened on February 5, 1914, as a Kariyamachi Station(刈谷町駅,Kariyamachi-eki?) on the privately owned Mikawa Railway Company. The Mikawa Railway Company was taken over by Meitetsu on June 1, 1941. The station was renamed to its present name on March 1, 1952. The tracks were elevated and the station building rebuilt in 1980.