Carpobrotus rossii

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"Karkalla" redirects here. For the town in India, see Karkala.
Carpobrotus rossii
Carpobrotus rossii.jpg
Flower, Cape Raoul, Tasman Peninsula, Tasmania, Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Aizoaceae
Genus: Carpobrotus
Species: C. rossii
Binomial name
Carpobrotus rossii
(Haw.) Schwantes

Carpobrotus rossii, commonly known as karkalla or pig face (Western Australia), is a succulent coastal groundcover plant native to southern Australia.

Karkalla leaves are succulent, 3.5–10 cm (1.4–3.9 in) long and 1 cm (0.4 in) wide, and curved or rarely straight. The flowers are light purple in colour, and 6 cm (2.4 in) wide. The globular purplish red fruit is about 2.5 cm (1 in) long and 1.5 cm (0.6 in) wide.[1]

Distribution[edit]

The species occurs in the states of Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria.[2] It can be found year-round in large patches covering sand dunes close to the ocean, due to its hardy nature and salt resistance.[3]

Uses[edit]

Aboriginal people eat the fruit traditionally, fresh and dried. The salty leaves were also reported to have been eaten with meat.

Extracts of the plant have significant in vitro antioxidant, antiplatelet, and anti-inflammatory activity.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elliot, W.R. and D. L. Jones. Encyclopædia of Australian Plants, Vol. 2. 1982. ISBN 0-85091-143-5
  2. ^ "Carpobrotus rossii (Haw.) Schwantes". Electronic Flora of South Australia Fact Sheet. State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  3. ^ "Carpobrotus Spp". The Australian Plants Society Tasmania. Retrieved 2010-12-14. 
  4. ^ Geraghtya, D. P., et al. (2011) In vitro antioxidant, antiplatelet and anti-inflammatory activity of Carpobrotus rossii (pigface) extract. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 134(1) 97-103. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2010.11.060