Karl-August von Reisach

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His Eminence
Karl-August von Reisach
Cardinal Archbishop of Munich and Freising
Archdiocese Munich and Freising
See Munich and Freising
Appointed 12 July 1841 (Coadjutor)
Installed 25 January 1847
Term ended 19 June 1856
Predecessor Lothar Anselm von Gebsattel
Successor Gregor von Scherr
Other posts
Orders
Ordination 10 August 1828
Consecration 17 July 1836
by Pope Gregory XVI
Created Cardinal 17 December 1855
by Pope Pius IX
Rank Cardinal-Bishop
Personal details
Born (1800-07-06)6 July 1800
Roth
Died 22 December 1869(1869-12-22) (aged 69)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post Bishop of Eichstätt (1836-1841)
Coat of arms

Karl-August von Reisach (7 July 1800, in Roth, Bavaria – 22 December 1869, in the Redemptorist monastery of Contamine, France)[1] was a German Catholic theologian and Cardinal.[2]

Education[edit]

On the completion of his secular studies in Neuburg an der Donau, he studied philosophy at Munich (1816), and jurisprudence at Heidelberg, Göttingen, and Landshut, securing (1821) the Degree of Doctor Juris Utriusque. Devoting himself a little later to the study of theology, he received minor orders at Innsbruck in 1824, was ordained in 1828 after philosophical and theological studies in the German College at Rome, and in the following year graduated Doctor of Theology.[3]

Service in Rome[edit]

Pope Pius VII appointed him rector of studies at the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, an office which brought him into close relations with its prefect, Cardinal-Priest Bartolomeo Cappellari, who later became Pope Gregory XVI.

Urged to devote special attention to the affairs of the Catholic Church in Germany, he attacked the current anti-ecclesiastical views and tendencies, especially with regard to mixed marriages, in his work Was haben wir von den Reformatoren und Stimmführen des katholischen Deutschland unserer Tage zu halten?, which appeared at Mainz in 1835 under the pseudonym Athanasius Sincerus Philalethes.

Return to Germany[edit]

In 1836 he became Bishop of Eichstätt (Bavaria) and, by the foundation of the boys' seminary (1838) and the erection of the lyceum (1843), rendered the greatest services to the ecclesiastical life of the diocese. As delegate of the pope and the Kings of Prussia and Bavaria, he mediated in the Prussian ecclesiastical dispute, and the rapid settlement of the Cologne muddle (Kölner Wirren - see Clemens August von Droste-Vischering) was due primarily to him.

Vatican service[edit]

In recognition of his services, he was named Coadjutor in 1841, and Archbishop of Munich-Freising in 1847 . His zeal on behalf of the Church having rendered him unpleasing to the Government, he was, at the request of King Maximilian II of Bavaria, summoned to Rome by Pope Pius IX as Cardinal-Priest, with the title of St. Anastasia.[4]

He conducted the concordat negotiations with Württemberg and Baden and took a prominent part in the preparations for the council.

Reisach was also appointed to the following positions:

1867

1868

1869

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catholic Hierarchy - Karl August von Reisach
  2. ^ Katholik, I (Mainz, 1870), 129 sqq.
  3. ^ Molitor, Cardinal Reisach (Wurzburg, 1874)
  4. ^ Allgem. deutsche Biogr., XXVIII (Leipzig, 1889), 114
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Lothar von Gebsattel
Archbishop of Munich
1846–1856
Succeeded by
Gregor von Scherr
Preceded by
Angelo Mai
Cardinal Priest of Santa Anastasia
1855–1868
Succeeded by
Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano
Preceded by
Giovanni Brunelli
Cardinal Priest of Santa Cecilia
1861–1868
Succeeded by
Innocenzo Ferrieri
Preceded by
Girolamo D'Andrea
Cardinal Bishop of Sabina
1868–1869
Succeeded by
Giuseppe Milesi Pironi Ferretti
Preceded by
Camillo di Pietro
Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals
1867–1868
Succeeded by
Alessandro Barnabò

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Carl von Reisach". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.