Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke

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Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke
Born (1776-02-18)18 February 1776
Stargard, Province of Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia
Died 15 December 1830(1830-12-15) (aged 54)
Stargard, Prussia
Allegiance Kingdom of Prussia Prussia
Years of service 1789-1830
Rank Lieutenant general
Commands held Infantry Regiment No 12
4th Division
Battles/wars Napoleonic Wars
Awards Pour le Mérite (1812)
Iron Cross (1813)
Order of the Sword (Sweden)
Order of St. Vladimir (Russia)
Order of the Red Eagle (1815)[1]

Karl August Ferdinand von Borcke (18 February 1776 – 15 December 1830) was a Prussian general and the first recipient of the Iron Cross.[1]

Biography[edit]

Borcke was born in Stargard, Province of Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia (today Stargard Szczeciński, Poland) to Ernst Gottlieb Kurt von Borcke (1757–1816) and Anna Margarethe née Greinert (1750–1804). He attended school at Stargard and joined the Prussian Army in 1789 as an officer's cadet. Borcke took part in Napoleon's Russian campaign as a member of the Prussian contingent allied to Napoleon. After Prussia changed sides in 1813 he fought in the battles of Katzbach and Leipzig. He received the Iron Cross II class for his deployment in a battle at Lüneburg on 21 April 1813, the first to be honored after its foundation by King Frederick William III of Prussia on 10 March 1813. Borcke commanded the Prussian 9th Infantry Brigade of the Third Corps during the Hundred Days Campaign against Napoleon and fought in the battle of Ligny and was then the commander of the Fortress of Luxembourg in 1815.[1]

Borcke was married to Ernestine Johanna Christiane née von Broesigke (1764–1836) since 1806, they had no children. He died of a fatal hunting accident at his hometown.

Honours and awards[edit]

References[edit]