Karl Gustav von Baggovut

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Karl Gustav Baggovut
Karl Fiodorovitch Baggovut
Карл Фёдорович Багговут
Baggovut.jpg
Born 27 (J:16) September 1761
Perila, Governorate of Estonia
Died 18 (J:06) October 1812
Tarutino, Russian Empire
Buried at Lavretievski monastery, Kaluga Russia
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch Infantry
Years of service 1779–1812
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Commander (Командир) 14. Egersky Regiment[1]
28 (J:17) May 1797 – 28(J:17) January 1799
Commander (Шеф) 14. (13.) Egersky Regiment[2] 28 (J:17)January 1799 – 08 (J:27Jul) August 1800
Commander (Шеф) 4. Egersky Regiment[3]
17(J:05) November 1801 – 18 (J:06) October 1812
Battles/wars Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792),
Polish–Russian War of 1792,
Battle of Maciejowice 1794,
Battle of Praga, 1794 (Warsaw),
Battle of Pułtusk 1806,
Battle of Eylau 1807,
Battle of Heilsberg 1807,
Battle of Friedland 1807,
Battle of Lemo 1808,
Helsinki village landing (Taivassalo) 1808,
Battle of Borodino 1812,
Battle of Tarutino 1812.
Awards Order of St. George 3 degree St George Ribbon
Order of St. George 4 degree St George Ribbon
Georgievskiy by weapon St George Ribbon
Order of St. Vladimir 2 degree Saint vladimir (bande).png
Order of St. Vladimir 3 degree Saint vladimir (bande).png
Order of St. Alexander Nevsky Band to Order St Alexander Nevsky.png
Order of St. Anna 1 degree Order of Saint Anne Ribbon.png
Order of the Red Eagle Prussia PRU Roter Adlerorden BAR.svg Flag of Prussia 1892-1918.svg
Golden cross from the battle of Praga

Karl Gustav von Baggehufwudt (Baggovut) (Russian: Карл Фёдорович Багговут , Carl Feodorovitš Baggovut (27(J:16) September 1761 Perila, Estonia – 18 (J:06) October 1812) was a lieutenant general of the Russian Empire who took part both in Napoleonic Wars and Finnish War. His family was originally Norwegian, but had moved to Sweden in the 16th century, then to Estonia in the 17th century.

He was seen as one of the bravest Russian generals and, on his death at the Battle of Tarutino (or Winkowo), Alexander I of Russia wrote to his widow, "I have lost a brave commander, useful to the fatherland".[4]

Family[edit]

Baggovut was married to Elisaveta Jakovlevna (Margareth Elisabeth) von Fock.

Baggovut had three brothers and one sister:

Life[edit]

Early life[edit]

In 1779 Karl's father purchased to Karl Gustav a patent for the rank of the captain of the troops of the margrave of Ansbach-Bayreuth. The young Karl began his military career in the Russian army later at the same year. At the rank of sub-lieutenant, he was attached to the Tobolsk infantry regiment[5] as a Подпоручик, Second Lieutenant of Russian Imperial Army. Later in September at the same year he was transferred into the 2nd battalion of the Finnish Chasseur Corps. In January 1781 he was transferred to the Dnepr Regiment[6] and took part in the insurrection of the Crimean Tatars. In 1783, he was promoted to a captain of the Siberian Grenadiers Regiment,[7] at the same rank, distinguishing himself in the Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792), notably at the battle of Rymnik on 22 September 1789 and the capture of the fortress of Bender on 3–4 November 1789. Then his health deteriorated after reaching the rank of first-major, forcing him to leave the army. Even so, in 1792, when the Polish–Russian War of 1792 broke out, Karl rejoined the army as a volunteer. Very quickly (3 January 1793) his courage enabled him to rejoin the Russian army officially at his old rank of first-major, in his old regiment, the Siberian Grenadier Regiment. Kościuszko Uprising at Easter 1794, Baggovut was in Warsaw when its inhabitants began firing on disarmed Russians - he gathered a band of brave men around him and they managed to fight their way out of the city. On 4 November 1794, in the course of the assault on the Praga suburb of Warsaw on the right bank of the Vistula, Baggovut showed great bravery. After the Battle of Maciejowice he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. In July 1795, he was placed at the head of a Belorussian battalion. In 1798 he was put in command of the 14th Chasseur Regiment[8] and promoted to Colonel. On 29 January 1799, Baggovut was promoted to major general, but on 27 July 1800 Paul I of Russia dismissed him from his post. On his accession, Alexander I recalled Karl, made him a major general again and put him in command of 4th Mounted Chasseur Regiment[9] (15 November 1801.

Napoleonic Wars 1804 - 1808[edit]

On 26 November 1804, for his 25 years' service as an officer in the Imperial Russian army, Baggovut received the Order of Saint George (4th class). During the War of the Fourth Coalition, he was known as one of the Russian army's bravest generals. On 26 December 1806, during the Battle of Pułtusk, he protected the river Narew. For this heroic act he was given the Order of Saint George, 3rd class. At the Battle of Eylau in 1807, Karl received orders to hold back the enemy advance to allow the Russo-Prussian troops to take possessions of the fortifications - in the course of the fighting he was seriously wounded in the chest. He also distinguished himself at the Battle of Heilsberg and at the Battle of Friedland - at the latter, he was again seriously wounded and seriously concussed, forcing him to leave the battlefield before the end of the fighting. During this military campaign he was also promoted to Lieutenant General.

Finnish War 1808[edit]

Swedish Major General Eberhard von Vegesack landed at Lemo south of Turku with 2800 strong 19 June 1808. Baggovut commanded Russian troops. The battle lasted 18 hours and von Vegesack troops war forced to retreat back to Sweden. Later in the autumn (26 September 1808) the Swedish forces reneved the landind to Helsinki village (Taivassalo). Baggovut repelled this landing attempt too.

[10] Lt Gen Karl Gustav von Baggovut Tomb at Lavretievski monastery Kaluga Russia


Napoleonic Wars 1812[edit]

During Napoleon's invasion of Russia, Karl commanded 2nd Infantry Corps of 1st Western Army under Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly. On 7 September 1812, at the start of the battle of Borodino, Karl's troops initially occupied the right wing before being displaced towards the left wing in the outskirts of the village of Outitsy during the course of the fighting. After general Nikolay Tuchkov was mortally wounded, Karl took over command of Russian forces on the left flank.

For his bravery at Borodino, he was given the Order of Alexander Nevsky, but was killed before receiving this distinction. At the Battle of Tarutino (Battle of Winkowo) on 18 October 1812, Karl Feodorovitch Baggovut was placed at the head of an infantry column made up of two corps. At the start of the battle, leading the Russian army's attack, he was killed by a cannonball shot by the French artillery. He was buried in the Lavretievski monastery at Kaluga.


Ranks and Insignians[edit]

Insignia Rank Army Date of promotion
IRA F1JunPor 1917 h.png
Подпоручик, Second Lieutenant Russian Imperial Army 4 (J:24Mar) April 1779
IRA F2Capt 1917 h.png
Kапитан, Captain Russian Imperial Army 1782
Премьер-майор,
Premier/First Major
Russian Imperial Army 24 (J:13) December 1792
IRA F4LtCol 1917 h.png
Подполковник,
Sub-Polkovnik/Lieutenant Colonel
Russian Imperial Army October 1794
IRA F5Col 1917 h.png
Полковник, Colonel Russian Imperial Army 14 (J:3) February 1798
IRA F6MajGen 1917 h.png
Генерал-майор, Major General Russian Imperial Army 09 (J:29Jan) February 1799
IRA F7LtGen 1917 h.png
Генерал-лейтенант,
Lieutenant General
Russian Imperial Army 24 (J:3) December 1807

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 14-го егерского полка
  2. ^ 14-го (13-го) егерского полка
  3. ^ 4-го егерского полка
  4. ^ http://translate.google.fr/translate?hl=fr&sl=ru&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.hrono.info%2Fbiograf%2Fbio_b%2Fbaggovut.html
  5. ^ Тобольский 38-й пехотный полк
  6. ^ Днепровский 46-й пехотный полк
  7. ^ Сиби́рский 9-й Гренаде́рский Генера́л-Фельдма́ршала Вели́кого Кня́зя Никола́я Никола́евича полк
  8. ^ 14-го егерский полк
  9. ^ 4-й егерский полк
  10. ^ Калужский Свято-Лаврентьев монастырь