Karl Hermann Bitter
|Karl Hermann Bitter|
Karl Hermann Bitter (27 February 1813 – 12 September 1885) was a Prussian statesman and writer on music.
He was born at Schwedt, Province of Brandenburg, and studied law and cameralistics at Berlin and Bonn. He served as the plenipotentiary of Prussia on the Danube Commission from 1856 to 1860, was prefect of the Department of Vosges during the Franco-Prussian War.
He later became minister of finance (1879), an office in which he displayed exceptional ability. He increased the indirect duties derived from the so-called tobacco monopoly and the tax on spirits and malt, introduced the “Börsensteuer” (tax on the bourse), and concluded the commercial treaty with the city of Hamburg by which that city entered the German Customs Union. He reestablished the stability of the Prussian finances, and took a prominent part in bringing the railroads of Germany under government control. He resigned in 1882, in consequence of differences with Bismarck.
His literary activity was confined almost exclusively to works on music. His Gesammelte Schriften (Collected Writings) appeared in 1884.
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (May 2013)|
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Bitter, Karl Hermann". Encyclopedia Americana.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "Bitter, Karl Hermann". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.