Charles II, Elector Palatine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Karl II, Elector Palatine)
Jump to: navigation, search
Charles II, Elector Palatine
Charles II, Elector Palatine.jpg
Charles II, Elector Palatine
Spouse(s) Princess Wilhelmina Ernestine of Denmark
Noble family House of Wittelsbach
Father Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine
Mother Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel
Born (1651-03-31)31 March 1651
Heidelberg
Died 26 May 1685(1685-05-26) (aged 34)
Heidelberg

Charles II (German: Karl II.; 31 March 1651, Heidelberg – 26 May 1685, Heidelberg) was Elector Palatine from 1680 to 1685. He was the son of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel.

Rule[edit]

His short reign was little glamorous. He appointed his incompetent former educator Paul Hachenberg to the chief minister, leaving his half-siblings, the 'Raugrafen of the Palatinate', fall out of favor. He brought back his mother from Kassel and paid her immense debts. Charles was a weak and timid nature, marked by familial childhood experiences. He showed a superficial enthusiasm for military life. Charles was a strict Calvinist. In 1671, his aunt Electress Sophia of Hanover arranged his marriage to Princess Wilhelmina Ernestina, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark. Their marriage was childless. But upon his death, the Electorate of the Palatinate passed to the Catholic Neuburg branch of the family. The rival claims to the Palatinate of his sister Elizabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Orleans, Louis XIV of France's sister-in-law, was the pretext for the French invasion of the Palatinate in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.

Ancestry[edit]

Charles II, Elector Palatine: ancestors in three generations
Charles II, Elector Palatine Father:
Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine
Paternal Grandfather:
Frederick V, Elector Palatine
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick IV, Elector Palatine
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Louise Juliana of Nassau
Paternal Grandmother:
Elizabeth of England
Paternal Great-grandfather:
James I, King of England
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Anne of Denmark
Mother:
Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel
Maternal Grandfather:
William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Agnes of Solms-Laubach
Maternal Grandmother:
Amalie Elisabeth of Hanau-Münzenberg
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Philip Louis II, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Catharina Belgica of Nassau
Charles II, Elector Palatine
Born: 1651 Died: 1685
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles I Louis
Elector Palatine
1680-1685
Succeeded by
Philip William