Karl Joseph Schulte

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
His Eminence
Karl Joseph Schulte
Cardinal Archbishop of Cologne
Karl Joseph Schulte.jpg
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Cologne
Installed 25 March 1920
Term ended 11 March 1941
Predecessor Felix von Hartmann
Successor Josef Frings
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati
Orders
Ordination 22 March 1895
Consecration 19 March 1910
Created Cardinal 7 March 1921
by Benedict XV
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1871-09-14)September 14, 1871
Velbert Germany
Died March 11, 1941(1941-03-11) (aged 69)
Cologne Germany
Buried Cologne Cathedral
Nationality German
Parents Oswald Schulte
Antonetta Schlünder
Previous post Bishop of Paderborn (1909-1920)
Coat of arms
Styles of
Karl Schulte
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Cologne

Karl Joseph Schulte (September 14, 1871 – March 11, 1941), was a German Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Cologne from 1920 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1921.

Biography[edit]

Karl Joseph Schulte was born in Haus Valbert (part of Lennestadt), to Oswald and Antonetta (née Schlünder) Schulte. Confirmed on July 24, 1887, he studied at the seminary in Essen and the University of Tübingen (from where he obtained a doctorate in theology on March 5, 1903). Schulte was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Hubert Simar on March 22, 1895.

He then did pastoral work in Paderborn, including serving as a vicar in Witten, until 1901. He was a repetitor at the Collegio Leonino and Major Seminary of Paderborn from 1901 to 1905, whence he began teaching theology, canon law, and apologetics at the Theological Faculty of Paderborn. In 1908 he became an official episcopal counselor.

On November 30, 1909, Schulte was elected Bishop of Paderborn, a choice confirmed by Pope Pius X on February 7, 1910. He received his episcopal consecration on the following March 19 from Cardinal Anton Fischer, with Bishops Michael Korum and Hermann Dingelstadt serving as co-consecrators, in the Paderborn Cathedral. Schulte, who during World War I organized a large relief force for the British and French prisoners in German prison camps,[1] was later named Archbishop of Cologne on March 8, 1920.

Pope Benedict XV created him Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati in the consistory of March 7, 1921. Schulte was one of the cardinal electors in the 1922 papal conclave, and again in the conclave of 1939. He was also a fierce opponent of Communism[2] and Nazism.[3]

The Cardinal died in Cologne, at age 69. He is buried in the archiepiscopal crypt of the Cologne Cathedral.

References[edit]

  1. ^ TIME Magazine. Wynfrith and Schulte October 5, 1925
  2. ^ TIME Magazine. Death of a Pope February 20, 1939
  3. ^ TIME Magazine. "Sunday of Youth" June 14, 1937

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Wilhelm Schneider
Bishop of Paderborn
1909–1920
Succeeded by
Kaspar Klein
Preceded by
Felix von Hartmann
WAppen Erzbistum Köln.png
Archbishop of Cologne

1920–1941
Succeeded by
Josef Frings