Karl Joseph Schulte
Karl Joseph Schulte
|Cardinal Archbishop of Cologne|
|Installed||25 March 1920|
|Term ended||11 March 1941|
|Predecessor||Felix von Hartmann|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati|
|Ordination||22 March 1895|
|Consecration||19 March 1910|
|Created Cardinal||7 March 1921
by Benedict XV
September 14, 1871|
|Died||March 11, 1941
|Previous post||Bishop of Paderborn (1909-1920)|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Karl Joseph Schulte (September 14, 1871 – March 11, 1941), was a German Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Cologne from 1920 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1921.
Karl Joseph Schulte was born in Haus Valbert (part of Lennestadt), to Oswald and Antonetta (née Schlünder) Schulte. Confirmed on July 24, 1887, he studied at the seminary in Essen and the University of Tübingen (from where he obtained a doctorate in theology on March 5, 1903). Schulte was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Hubert Simar on March 22, 1895.
He then did pastoral work in Paderborn, including serving as a vicar in Witten, until 1901. He was a repetitor at the Collegio Leonino and Major Seminary of Paderborn from 1901 to 1905, whence he began teaching theology, canon law, and apologetics at the Theological Faculty of Paderborn. In 1908 he became an official episcopal counselor.
On November 30, 1909, Schulte was elected Bishop of Paderborn, a choice confirmed by Pope Pius X on February 7, 1910. He received his episcopal consecration on the following March 19 from Cardinal Anton Fischer, with Bishops Michael Korum and Hermann Dingelstadt serving as co-consecrators, in the Paderborn Cathedral. Schulte, who during World War I organized a large relief force for the British and French prisoners in German prison camps, was later named Archbishop of Cologne on March 8, 1920.
Pope Benedict XV created him Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati in the consistory of March 7, 1921. Schulte was one of the cardinal electors in the 1922 papal conclave, and again in the conclave of 1939. He was also a fierce opponent of Communism and Nazism.
- TIME Magazine. Wynfrith and Schulte October 5, 1925
- TIME Magazine. Death of a Pope February 20, 1939
- TIME Magazine. "Sunday of Youth" June 14, 1937
|Catholic Church titles|
|Bishop of Paderborn
Felix von Hartmann
Archbishop of Cologne