Karl Müllenhoff

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Karl Müllenhoff.

Karl Viktor Müllenhoff (born September 8, 1818, in Marne, Duchy of Holstein; died February 19, 1884, in Berlin) was a German philologist and a student of Teutonic antiquities.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Marne, Holstein as the second son of merchant Johann Anton Müllenhoff. In his youth, he received his education in the town of Meldorf (1830–1837).[1] He later studied under Gregor Wilhelm Nitzsch at the University of Kiel, then continued his education at Leipzig (1839, under Gottfried Hermann and Moriz Haupt) and then in Berlin (1839-1841), where his instructors included Karl Lachmann and Wilhelm Grimm. In 1841 he received his PhD at Kiel with a dissertation on Sophocles.[2]

He taught classes in German language, literature and mythology at the University of Kiel, where in 1854 he became a full professor of German literature and history. Afterwards, he returned to Berlin as a professor of German philology (1858-1884). In 1861 he became a member of the Gesetzlosen Gesellschaft zu Berlin. Two of his well known students in Berlin were Wilhelm Scherer and Elias von Steinmeyer.[1][2]

In 1863 he introduced a theory involving the continuity of written language dating from the era of Old High German.[1]

From around 1875, he resided at Schellingstraße 7 (Berlin-Tiergarten), a few years later, moving to a house on Lützowufer in the same district. He was buried in the Alten St. Matthäus-Kirchhof in Berlin-Schöneberg. In 1896, a thoroughfare called Müllenhoffstraße (Berlin-Kreuzberg) was named in his honor.[1]

Works[edit]

  • "Sagen, Märchen und Lieder der herzogthümer Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg", 1845 – Collection of sagas, fairy tales and songs from the Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg.
  • "De Antiquissima Germanorum Poesi Chorica", a treatise; cited as one of his greatest works (1847).
  • "Altdeutsche Sprachproben", 1864 (4th edition, 1885. 5th edition, 1963).
  • "Denkmäler deutscher Poesie und Prosa aus dem 8. bis 12. Jahrhundert", with Wilhelm Scherer (Berlin, 1864) – Monuments of German poetry and prose from the 8th-12th century.
  • "Deutsche Alterthumskunde", left unfinished; cited as one of his greatest works (1870–99); five books.
    • 1. Bd. "Die Phoenizier. Pytheas von Massalia".
    • 2. Bd. "Die Nord- und Ostnachbaren der Germanen. Die Gallier und Germanen".
    • 3. Bd. "Der Ursprung der Germanen".
    • 4. Bd. "Die Germania des Tacitus".
    • 5. Bd. "Über die Voluspa. Über die ältere Edda".[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Statement(s) based on translated text from an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia".
  2. ^ a b biography @ NDB/ADB Deutsche Biographie
  3. ^ WorldCat Identities Most widely held works by K.Müllenhoff

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Scherer and Schröder, Karl Müllenhoff (Berlin, 1896) (German)