Karl Henry von Wiegand
|Karl Henry von Wiegand|
11 September 1874|
|Died||7 June 1961
|Spouse(s)||Inez von Wiegand|
Career from 1911
Wiegand was the first United States reporter allowed to interview the German crown prince Wilhelm. That interview was also the first foreign interview given by a German noble since the outbreak of World War I.
William said this in English:
Undoubtedly this is the most stupid, senseless and unnecessary war of modern times. It is a war not wanted by Germany, I can assure you, but it was forced on us, and the fact that we were so effectually prepared to defend ourselves is now being used as an argument to convince the world that we desired conflict.
|This section requires expansion with: maybe add Wiegand's report on the Schlacht von Wirballen (Virbalis) on 1914-10-08; other reports of his; interview with Hitler in 1921, and in 1940; more details on his role at Hearst and in organising the 1929 Around-the-World LZ 127 flight?. (April 2009)|
He was one of the Hearst Press reporters on at least two of the Graf Zeppelin flights, usually accompanying fellow Hearst reporter Lady Hay Drummond-Hay. Wiegand was the first American journalist to interview Hitler, having first met him in 1921 while he was only a minor malcontent in post-World War I Munich. He was one of the first journalists to take Hitler seriously, however, and his story was published on November 12, 1922, a year before the Beer Hall Putsch. As such, Wiegand provided the first introduction Americans had to Hitler. He referred to him as the "German Mussolini", and expressed genuine concern about his popularity, writing "The shadow of the Fascisti is arising in Germany. Whether what is yet only a shadow will clothe itself in the flesh, blood and spirit of the German Mussolini, depends on a number of things." He also emphasized his "man of the people" qualities, his charisma, and his electrifying speaking ability. He pegged him as a potentially great leader, saying "Hitler has the earmarks of a leader. Whether it be merely a band or a great movement, only the future will tell."
World War II and after
A month after Germany invaded France in World War II, Karl secured an interview with Hitler and published his report "Europe for the Europeans: Adolf Hitler on the international situation during the war in France; An interview granted to Karl v. Wiegand, Führer's Headquarters, June 11, 1940".
Later, Lady Drummond-Hay and Karl von Wiegand were interned in a Japanese camp in Manila, Philippines. When they were set free in 1945, she was very ill. They returned to the United States, but during their stay in New York Lady Grace Drummond-Hay died of coronary thrombosis in the Lexington Hotel. After her cremation Karl brought her ashes back to the United Kingdom.
- Grace Marguerite Hay Drummond-Hay, Wiegand's companion
- The History Channel, Karl Henry von Wiegand, retrieved 5 April 2009
- Elter page 74
- Wiegand page 3
- "Charmion von Wiegand (1896–1983) chronology". Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, LLC. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
- Time magazine: Los Angeles to Lakehurst, 9 September 1929
- Daniel Grossman, Lady Grace Hay-Drummond-Hay / Airships: A Zeppelin History Site, retrieved 5 April 2009
- Nagorski, Andrew (2012). Hitlerland: American Eyewitnesses to the Nazi Rise to Power. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1-4391-9100-X. p. 22.
- Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek
- Time, Time magazine, 25 February 1946
- Time magazine (16 June 1961), Larger Than Life, retrieved 5 April 2009. Obituary.
- Andreas Elter (April 2003), Die andere Front: Pressepolitik in den USKriegen des 20. Jahrhunderts (PDF) (in German), Cologne, retrieved 5 April 2009 Doctorate dissertation
- Karl Henry von Wiegand (1915), Current misconceptions about the war, 1123 Broadway, New York: The Fatherland corporation, inc., retrieved 5 April 2009,
Copyright 1914, United Press ... November 20
- Register of the Karl H. Von Wiegand Papers, 1911–1961. The Online Archive of California. (Collection open for research)
- CeiberWeiber *War *Bella Fromm (in German), archived from the original on 20 November 2004,
Er betrachtet Hitler als den Mann, der es ernst meint, und zwar schon seit 1921
- Dodd-->FDR 3/20/35, 20 March 1935,
very strongly pro-German representative through the Great War ... conversation I had on March 15 with Karl von WiegandText version of letter US-ambassador William E. Dodd sent to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt on Wiegand's relationship with Germany
- Karl Henry von Wiegand in the German National Library catalogue