Karlsruhe (district)

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Karlsruhe
District
Baden-Württemberg KA (district).svg
Country  Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Adm. region Karlsruhe
Capital Karlsruhe
Area
 • Total 1,084.88 km2 (418.87 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 427,106
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration KA
Website http://www.landkreis-karlsruhe.de

Karlsruhe is a rural district (Landkreis) in the north-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Rhein-Neckar, Heilbronn, Enz, Calw, Rastatt, Germersheim, Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis and the district-free city Speyer. The urban district Karlsruhe (Stadtkreis Karlsruhe), which contains the City of Karlsruhe, is located in the middle of the district, and partially cuts it into a northern and a southern part.

History[edit]

The historic origin of the district is the Oberamt Karlsruhe. In 1809 it was split into one part responsible for the city Karlsruhe (Stadtamt), and one for the surrounding municipalities (Landamt). In 1865 however both parts were merged again to the Bezirksamt Karlsruhe. 1938 it was split again, this time with the district of Karlsruhe for the surrounding part, and the urban district of Karlsruhe for the urban area. In 1973 the district was enlarged by adding the complete district of Bruchsal and parts of the districts Sinsheim, Vaihingen, Pforzheim and Rastatt; some municipalities were also added to the city Karlsruhe and therefore left the district.

Since the founding of the Federal Republic, Karlsruhe has been the seat of the Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht), Germany's highest.

Geography[edit]

The western part of the district is located in the Rhine valley. The area in the east belongs to the landscape of the Kraichgau, and it is also to the north of the foothills of the Black Forest.

Partnerships[edit]

Starting in 1978 the district had a partnership with the Welsh county of Gwent. In 1996 Gwent was abolished, with the area split into several separate districts due to administrative reform, and the partnership has since continued with two new of these districts: Monmouthshire and Torfaen.

Since 1990 the district has had a partnership with the Döbeln district in Saxony, and since 1992 with the Sha'ar HaNegev Regional Council in Israel.

District administration

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Karlsruhe (district).svg The top-left quarter of the coat of arms shows the symbol of Baden, which is appropriate since a large part of the Karlsruhe district belonged to Baden historically. The cross in the top-right is the symbol of the clerical state of Speyer. The three deer antlers in the bottom-right are the symbol of the state of Württemberg, and in the bottom-left is the symbol of the Wittelsbach family.

Cities and Towns[edit]

Cities Administrative districts Towns
  1. Bretten
  2. Bruchsal
  3. Ettlingen
  4. Kraichtal
  5. Östringen
  6. Philippsburg
  7. Rheinstetten
  8. Stutensee
  9. Waghäusel
  1. Bad Schönborn
  2. Bretten
  3. Bruchsal
  4. Graben-Neudorf
  5. Oberderdingen
  6. Phillipsburg
  7. Sulzfeld
  1. Bad Schönborn
  2. Dettenheim
  3. Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen
  4. Forst (Baden)
  5. Gondelsheim
  6. Graben-Neudorf
  7. Hambrücken
  8. Karlsbad (Baden)
  9. Karlsdorf-Neuthard
  10. Kronau
  11. Kürnbach
  12. Linkenheim-Hochstetten
  1. Malsch
  2. Marxzell
  3. Oberderdingen
  4. Oberhausen-Rheinhausen
  5. Pfinztal
  6. Sulzfeld
  7. Ubstadt-Weiher
  8. Waldbronn
  9. Walzbachtal
  10. Weingarten (Baden)
  11. Zaisenhausen

References[edit]

  1. ^ [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°05′N 8°35′E / 49.08°N 8.58°E / 49.08; 8.58