|— City —|
|Elevation||228 m (748 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||HR 05,HR 99(TEMP)|
Karnal is governed by a municipal corporation that comes under the Karnal Metropolitan Region. Karnal was once the site of a cantonment of the British East Indian Company army established in the year 1805 A.D. but later abandoned due to a malaria outbreak. The cantonment was subsequently shifted to Ambala and later came to be known as the famous Ambala Cantonment established in 1843 A.D.
Historically, Karnal is said to have been founded during ancient times by the Kauravas in the Mahabharata era for the king Karna, a mythological hero and a key figure in the epic tale. It is midway between Delhi and Chandigarh, being 123 km (76 mi) north of Delhi and 126 km (78 mi) south of Chandigarh, on the National Highway NH-1, also known as the Grand Trunk Road. Delhi and Chandigarh can be reached from Karnal within 2 hours using a high frequency bus service provided by Haryana Roadways. Karnal is also the headquarters of Karnal Range (including Karnal, Yamunanagar, Kurukshetra and Kaithal districts) under an Inspector General of Police.
Karnal is very famous for its world class research and development institutes, namely Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI), National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR), National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), and a regional centre of the Indira Gandhi National Open University. Karnal is widely known for its lush green pastures, and the cultivation and production of very high-quality basmati rice. Karnal is known as the rice bowl of India. It has got the highest district wise exports of basmati rice from India with major of exports to Gulf countries. There are more than 300 rice miller and processors in Karnal district with around 100 exporters. Karnal is also famous for manufacture of agricultural implements and its spares as more than 40% of country agricultural implements and spares are manufactured here. One of the bigger units involved in the manufacture of spares is Karnal Agricultural Industries Ltd. having largest manufacturing base in the country.
Karnal is located at  It has an elevation of 235 to 252 meters (748 feet) above Sea Level. It is roughly equidistant almost midway from New Delhi and Chandigarh & almost in center heart of Haryana state and lies on the main G.T. road and on the Delhi - Ambala-Kalka i.e. DUK then known as Delhi-Umbala-Kalka railway line in olden days and has Railway short index name code as KUN and KARNAL RAILWAY STATION was Established in 1892 A.D. year . The Karnal Distt. is surrounded by Kurukshetra District on its north-west, jind & Kaithal Distt. on its west, Panipat Distt. on its south and Uttar Pradesh on east. Yamuna River forms eastern boundary of the district and flows from north to south. The district is a part of the Ganges–Indus (Indo-Gangetic) plains and has a well spread network of western Yamuna canal. Its geographical area has been divided into three agro climatic regions, Khadar, Bhangar and Nardak belt. Khadar starts from Indri-Karnal road one mile away from Karnal covering the area in between Yamuna River and National Highway Road No.1 up to Patti-Kalyana village. Bhangar area starts from west of Khaadar area covering Gharaunda, development block. The nardak area lies in Nissing, Nilokheri and Assandh development block. However, its water is saline and not fit for irrigation. The city is divided into several sectors, colonies and mohallas. Due to its strategic location, several big-brand builders like CHD Developers , Narsi Village, Palm Residency, Alpha International City , Sahara and Ansal Royale etc . have built new luxury apartments and vilkhkhᾩcity. Naruson House one of the biggest house in the city is situated at The Mall known as VIP Road and Thandi sadak also..
The city of Karnal is said to have been founded by Philanthropic Daanveer Raaja Karna, a Warrior in the Mahabharata war. It is said that he used to Donate & give away ( Sawaa Mann ) weight of Gold Everyday to needy . The original name of Karnal city is Karnalaya (home of Karna). This is the same Karna, who was the eldest son of Kunti & God Sun ( therefore Surya Putra Karna ) and thus Karnal is called the city of Daanvir Karna.The City of danveer karna is said to be blessed to be free from any damage from natural calamities like earthquakes and flood.
It has been a walled town as far as its history can be traced & it was said that to have 10 gates some of them are still there namely Karn Gate , Kalandari Gate , Arjun Gate , Subhash Gate , Jaataan Gate , Jundla Gate , Baanson Gate , Dyalpura Gate to name a few , which were closed at sunset and it had a citadel at one time.
Karnal sprang into prominence in 1739 when Persian emperor Nadir Shah defeated and captured the Mughal ruler Muhammad Shah in the Battle of Karnal. Raja Gopal Singh of Jind seized Karnal in 1763, and the Marathas established themselves at Karnal in 1785. Skirmishes followed between the Marathas and the Sikhs and in 1795, the Marathas finally wrested the city from Raja Bhag Singh of Jind and made it over to the British-Irish military commander George Thomas, who took part in the fight. The British established a cantonment in Karnal ( then also known as Kurnaul , Karnaul , Kurnaul etc in olden days .) called Karnal Cantonment in 1805 A.D. year but later abandoned it due to an outbreak of malaria & this very same Karnal Cantonment was shifted to Ambala and later it was known as Ambala Cantonment established in 1843 A.D. . The fort which had been built by Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind, was taken over by the British and converted into a residence for Dost Mohammad Khan, Amir of Kabul. The fort was used as a jail, as quarters for native cavalry and as a poorhouse. In 1862, it was made over to the Education Department, when the district school was moved into it from the city. Karnal was the part of Ambala distt. of Punjab till Haryana was found in 1966.
As per provisional reports of 2011 census of India, population of Karnal in 2011 is 286,974; of which male and female are 151,668 and 135,306 respectively. Although Karnal city has population of 286,974; its urban population is 303,425 of which 160,659 are males and 142,766 are females. In education section, total literates in Karnal city are 220,711 of which 121,652 are males while 99,059 are females. Average literacy rate of Karnal city is 86.32 percent of which male and female literacy was 90.55 and 81.64 percent. The sex ratio of Karnal city is 892 females per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 807 per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6) in Karnal city are 31,291 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 17,319 boys while 13,972 are girls. The child forms 10.90% of total population of Karnal City. The predominant religion here is Hinduism with a sizeable Sikh minority.
Olam Agro India Ltd. (Olam International)
Agricultural & Dairy Research Hub 
Karnal is a Major Center of Agricultural and Dairy Research with the World Class Famous & Prestigious Research Institutes such as:
National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)-It is Asia's Largest Diary Research Institute, a Deemed University & which also has been designated as a Agriculture Hub for Haryana , Punjab, Himachal Pradesh etc in 2012.
Regional Station of Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)-Karnal Bunt, a major disease of wheat which was first discovered in 1931 in IARI, Regional Station Karnal and that is how it got that name. Now it is one of the premier centre for production and distribution of high quality seeds of various cereal crops (basmati rice and wheat) and vegetables.
Central Soil and Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI)
Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR)
National Bureau of Animal Genetics Research (NBAGR)
Regional Research Station of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University
Sugarcane Breeding Research Institute
Haryana Police Academy, Madhuban 
Madhuban, Karnal has Haryana Police Academy and Police Training Complex .It is located at a distance of 10 km (6 mi) from Karnal city on the NH-1 Southwards in the direction of Delhi. It recruits students not only from Haryana but also from other Indian states and partner countries from around the world .
Transport and Communication 
Karnal is midway between Delhi and Chandigarh, being 123 km (76 mi) north of Delhi and 126 km (78 mi) south of Chandigarh, on the National Highway NH-1, which is famous as the Grand Trunk Road. Delhi and Chandigarh can be reached from Karnal within 2 hours using the very high frequency bus service provided by the Haryana Roadways.
Karnal has a Railway Station KARNAL RAILWAY STATION with Railway short index name code as KUN. It was Established in 1892 A.D. It is well connected through Railway lines with other major Indian cities.
Karnal Airport as popularly called is also known as Karnal Flying Club is operational since 1967 A.D. under the aegis of H.I.C.A. Haryana Institutes of Civil Aviation. Karnal Airport is located on Kunjpura Road and is near Sainik School Kunjpura Karnal .
Television T.V. & FM Radio stations in Karnal
Currently, there are two Television High Power Transmitters ( Doordarshan Prasar Bharti ) and Also two main FM Radio stations in Karnal, namely :
- D.D.1 - HPT High Power Transmitter &
- D.D. News - LPT Low Power Transmitter
- Radio Mantra (91.9 FM)
- Radio Dhamaal (106.4 FM).
- Tagore Baal Niketan Sr. Sec. School
- Prakash Public School
- Dyal Singh Public School
- St. Theresa's Convent School
- Delhi Public School
- Pratap Public School
- O.P.S. Vidya Mandir
- Sainik School, Kunjpura
- K.C. Government Medical College-The Foundation Stone of Kalpna Chawla Government Medical College was laid on 18 November 2012 in Karnal city.
- Doon Valley Institute of Engineering & Technology, Jundla Gate
- Maharishi Markandeswar Group of Institution,Indri Road, Ramba
Tourist attractions 
- Durga Bhawani Temple 1000 years old most ancient temple near bus stand karnal
- Babur’s Mosque
- Gurudwara Manji Sahib
- Karna Lake
- Atal Park
- Bhara Mal’s Sarai
- Karnal Cantonment Church Tower
- Christian Cemetery
- Dargah Nuri
- Kalandar Shah’s Tomb
- Karnal Fort
- Karnal Golf Course
- Karna Taal
- Miran Sahib’s Tomb
- Oasis Complex
- Pukka Pul
Notable people 
Liaquat Ali Khan, was born in Karnal India on 1 October 1895 . He was the First Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Kalpana Chawla, was born in Karnal on 1 July 1961 , the first ever Indian Female Astronaut. Chawla completed her earlier schooling at Tagore Baal Niketan Senior Secondary School, Karnal. She died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster on 1 February 2003. In her honor, Kalpana Chawla Government Medical College's foundation stone was laid on 18 November 2012 in Karnal city.
See also 
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