Karnataka Rajyotsava

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Kannada Rajyotsava
ಕನ್ನಡ ರಾಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸವ
Mahila Dollu Kunita.jpg
Traditional dance of Dollu Kunitha in progress as part of Rajyotsava
Also called Kannada Rajyotsava, Karnataka Formation Day
Observed by Kannadigas in India and overseas[1]
Type State
Significance Unification of Kannada-speaking regions of South India as the state of Karnataka
Celebrations Hoisting of Karnataka flag, Processions, Cultural events, Rajyotsava Awards[2]
Date 1 November
Next time 1 November 2014 (2014-11-01)

Kannada Rajyotsava (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡ ರಾಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸವ; Karnataka Formation Day; literally "Birth of the Karnataka state") is celebrated on 1 November every year. This was the day in 1956 when all the Kannada language-speaking regions of South India were merged to form the state of Karnataka.[3]

The Rajyotsava day is listed as a government holiday in the state of Karnataka[4] and is celebrated by Kannadigas across the world.[1] It is marked by the announcement and presentation of the honours list for Rajyotsava Awards by the Government of Karnataka, hoisting of the unofficial Karnataka flag with an address from the Chief Minister and Governor[5] of the state along with community festivals, orchestra, Kannada book releases and concerts.[6]

History[edit]

Aluru Venkata Rao was the first person who dreamt of unifying the State as early as 1905 with the Karnataka Ekikarana movement.[5] In 1950, India became republic and different provinces were formed in the country on the basis of language spoken in the particular region and this gave birth to the state of Mysore including various places in south India, which were earlier ruled by the kings.[4]

The Kannada flag, used as an emblem of Kannada culture

On November 1 in 1956, Mysore state, comprising most of the area of the erstwhile princely state of Mysore, was merged with the Kannada-speaking areas of the Bombay and Madras presidencies, as also of the principality of Hyderabad, to create a unified Kannada-speaking sub national entity. North Karnataka, Malnad (Canara) and old Mysore were thus the three regions of the newly formed Mysore state.

The newly unified state initially retained the name "Mysore", which was that of the erstwhile princely state which formed the core of the new entity.[7] But the people of North Karnataka did not favour the retention of the name Mysore, as it was closely associated with the erstwhile principality and the southern areas of the new state. In deference to this logic, the name of the state was changed to "Karnataka" on November 1, 1973. Devaraj Urs was the Chief Minister of the state when this landmark decision was taken.[8] Other people credited for the unification of Karnataka include littérateurs like K. Shivaram Karanth, Kuvempu, Masti Venkatesha Iyengar, A. N. Krishna Rao and B. M. Srikantaiah.[5]

Celebrations[edit]

Rajyotsava day is celebrated with great joy and vigour all over the state of Karnataka. The entire state wears a festive look on this day as the red and yellow Kannada flags are hoisted at different strategic locations across the state and the Kannada anthem ("Jaya Bharatha Jananiya Tanujate") is chanted.[9] The flag is hoisted at political party offices and several localities even as youth in many areas take out processions on two-wheelers.[10] Religion not being a factor, the Rajyotsava is celebrated by Hindus, Muslims[11] and Christians as well.[12][13]

Government procession[edit]

Auto rickshaws and other vehicles are decorated with red and yellow themes signifying the Kannada flag

The state government asserts Rajyotsava awards on this day, which are awarded to people responsible for great contributions in the development of Karnataka.[4] The Chief Minister of the State inaugurates the cultural show which is normally held at Kanteerava Stadium, Bangalore.[10] Awards are presented to students who have won medals in various national games.[14]

The celebrations are marked by multicoloured tableaux carrying the picture of the Goddess Bhuvaneshwari mounted on a decorated vehicle.[15] The colourful procession is also accompanied by performances of the folk artists in the fields of drama (Bayalata), traditional dance (Dollu Kunitha, Kamsale, Veeragase, Kolata) and classical carnatic music.[4]

Private establishments[edit]

Since Nov 1 is a public holiday, it is celebrated at commercial establishments in the following days of the week. Kannada flags are prominently hoisted and displayed at almost all office and business establishments across the city of Bengaluru.[10] Being a hub of several IT companies,[16] Bengaluru's major firms like TCS, Thomson Reuters, Wipro, SAP Labs,[17] Accenture, Alcatel-Lucent[18] and Infosys[19] encourage employees to showcase the local favour by holding cultural events. The IT crowd show their support by wearing Kannada-themed T-shirts to workplaces.[20] Educational institutions also hold such events at schools along with flag-hoisting and the rendering of naadageethe.[21][22]

Non-resident Kannadigas[edit]

Apart from celebrations in Karnataka, it is also observed in other regions of India with significant Kannadiga population like Mumbai, Mumbai-Geometric, New Delhi,[23] Gurgaon[24] and Chennai.[25] Overseas Kannada organisations also take part in the festivities by arranging cultural events in countries like USA,[26] Singapore,[27] Dubai,[28] Qatar[29] Muscat,[30] South Korea,[31] Australia,[32] New Zealand,[33] Scotland[34] and Ireland.[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dubai: Karnataka Sangha Celebrates Karnataka Rajyotsava
  2. ^ Times of India - Rajyotsava award list soars to 90
  3. ^ Kannadigas celebrate Karnataka Rajyotsava on Nov 1
  4. ^ a b c d Festivals of India - Rajyotsava Day
  5. ^ a b c IBN Live - Karnataka Governor greets people ahead of 'Rajyotsava Day'
  6. ^ The Hindu - ‘Sacrifice of Kannadigas should be remembered'
  7. ^ Karnataka - A brief profile » Kannada Rajyotsava
  8. ^ DNA India - In the dark about Rajyotsava in Bangalore
  9. ^ Times of India - Rajyotsava celebrations delayed
  10. ^ a b c The Hindu - Bangalore celebrates State's 55th birthday
  11. ^ Deccan Herald - Muslim youth celebrate Kannada Rajyotsava in Tumkur
  12. ^ Bangalore: Rajyotsava Celebrations at St Francis Xavier Cathedral
  13. ^ The Hindu - Christians celebrate Rajyotsava
  14. ^ Hindu Karnataka Bureau - 53rd Kannada Rajyotsava celebrations
  15. ^ The Hindu - Minister Ramdas hoists Kannada flag on Karnataka Rajyotsava
  16. ^ Information Technology in Karnataka
  17. ^ SAP Labsನಲ್ಲಿ ನಾಡ ಹಬ್ಬ
  18. ^ ಅಲ್ಕಟೆಲ್ ಲ್ಯೂಸೆಂಟ್ ನಲ್ಲಿ ನಾಡಹಬ್ಬ
  19. ^ The Hindu - Rajyotsava at Infosys
  20. ^ Bangalore Mirror - On Rajyotsava, say ‘Kannada Baruthe’
  21. ^ Karnataka Rajyotsava at Gopalan International School
  22. ^ DNA - 55th Kannada Rajyotsava celebrations
  23. ^ Yahoo! India - Karnataka Rajyotsava celebrated in New Delhi
  24. ^ ಗುರ್‌ಗಾಂವ್‌ನಲ್ಲಿ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ರಾಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸವ ಆಚರಣೆ
  25. ^ Naavi - Rajyotsava celebrations conducted in Chennai
  26. ^ ಸಿಯಾಟಲ್ ನಲ್ಲಿ ದೀಪಾವಳಿ ಮತ್ತು ರಾಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸವ
  27. ^ ಸಿಂಗಪುರದಲ್ಲಿ ಕನ್ನಡ ರಾಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸವದ ಸಿಂಗಾರ
  28. ^ Kannada Koota UAE to Celebrate Kannada Rajyotsava on Nov 13
  29. ^ Doha: Karnataka Sangha Qatar to Celebrate Rajyotsava Day
  30. ^ Gurukiran enthrals audience at Rajyotsava celebrations in Muscat
  31. ^ ಕೊರಿಯ ಕನ್ನಡ ಕೂಟದ ಕನ್ನಡ ಕರೆಯೋಲೆ
  32. ^ ಅಡಿಲೇಡ್ ಕನ್ನಡಿಗರ ಸಂಭ್ರಮದ ರಾಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸವ
  33. ^ ರಾಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸವ : ನ್ಯೂಜಿಲೆಂಡ್ ಕನ್ನಡಿಗರಿಂದ ರಕ್ತದಾನ
  34. ^ ಸ್ಕಾಟ್ಲಂಡ್ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ಸಂಘದ ಕನ್ನಡ ಡಿಂಡಿಮ
  35. ^ ಐರಿಶ್ ಕನ್ನಡಿಗರ ಹಬ್ಬ 2010

External links[edit]