Karol Piegza

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Karol Piegza
Tablica na domu PZKO w Jabłonkowie.JPG
Memorial plaque at the PZKO House in Jabłonków
Born (1899-10-09)9 October 1899
Łazy, Austria-Hungary
Died 3 February 1988(1988-02-03) (aged 88)
Jablunkov, Czechoslovakia
Occupation Teacher, writer, folklorist, photographer, and painter
Language Polish, Cieszyn Silesian dialect
Ethnicity Polish
Citizenship Austrian, Czechoslovak

Karol Piegza (9 October 1899 – 3 February 1988) was a Polish teacher, writer, folklorist, photographer, and painter from Zaolzie region of Cieszyn Silesia.

Biography[edit]

Piegza was born in Lazy (Orlová) the son of a coal miner. He worked at coal mining for a time when he was 14. It was in the coal mining colony in Lazy where he first listened to the stories and fables told by the coal miners. That experience influenced his future life and inspired his works until 1945.

At the beginning of 1918 Piegza was conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian Army and sent to the Italian Front of World War I.[1]

After the war he was active in the social life and several organizations before World War II. He graduated from a school for teachers in Cieszyn-Bobrek and eventually worked as a teacher in Polish schools in Zaolzie — in Lazy (Orlová), Orlová, Stonava, and after the war in Jablunkov. He was also a director of schools in Lazy, Stonava, and Jablunkov.

During World War II Piegza was incarcerated in Nazi concentration camps in Dachau and Mauthausen-Gusen.[2]

After the war Piegza settled in Jablunkov where he became director of the Polish school (from 1945 to 1960) and worked in a local branch of PZKO (Polish Cultural and Educational Union). He was instrumental in organizing the first Gorolski Święto festival in 1948, which presented the culture and traditions of the local people.[3] Piegza was fascinated by the culture and traditions of Cieszyn Silesia and was a keen collector of everything related to regional culture.

I'm just an ordinary teacher-pensioner who came to like local folklore, so when I write, paint, or photograph something, I do it from my passion, to save the remnants of Silesian folklore and culture from oblivion.

—Karol Piegza[4]

He wrote his works in literary Polish and in the local dialect. His works often focus on regional folklore and regional fables, most often those of the local Gorals. After his death in Jablunkov, the Karol Piegza Small Regional Museum in Bukowiec was opened.

Works[edit]

Brochures[edit]

  • Malarze śląscy (1937)
  • Kozubowa (1939)
  • Ceramika cieszyńska (1971)
  • Komedianci (1979)
  • Cieszyńskie skrzynie malowane (1983)

Short stories collections[edit]

  • Sękaci ludzie (1963) and (1979)
  • Opowiadania beskidzkie (1971)
  • Tam pod Kozubową (1974)

Poetry collection[edit]

  • Echa spod hałdy (1975)

Other[edit]

  • Hawiyrski bojki (1952)
  • Gajdosz z Kurajki (1953)
  • Toporem pisane (1955)
  • Nowele beskidzkie (1961)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Richter 2000, 28.
  2. ^ Sikora 1993, 20.
  3. ^ Szpyrc, Antoni (July 2012). "Pierwsze było w 1948 roku Święto Góralskie". Zwrot: 20–21. 
  4. ^ Richter 2000, 30.

References[edit]

  • Málková, Iva; Svatava Urbanová (2001). Literární slovník severní Moravy a Slezska (1945-2000). Olomouc: Votobia. ISBN 80-7198-515-5. 
  • Richter, Leszek (2000). "Karol Piegza". Těšínsko 43 (3): 28–30.