Karl Scheibler's Chapel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Karl Scheibler's Chapel
Historical images of the chapel

The Chapel of Karl Scheibler, located next to the Old Evangelical-Augsburg Cemetery on Ogrodowa Street 43, is a major architectural work in old Łódź, Poland.

Łódź is known for its architectural monuments which form a record of the city's heritage, particularly its unique nineteenth century development. The chapel and mausoleum of Karol Scheibler are noted examples of architecture from this period.

Karl Scheibler[edit]

Karl Wilhelm Scheibler (1820 - 1881) was an industrial magnate who raised the profile of Łódź within Europe's textile industry. He created a large industrial empire at Priest's Mill (Księży Młyn).

While contributing heavily to the textile industry, Scheibler was also a noted philanthropist. After his death, his widow Anna Scheibler, son Karol Wilhelm, daughter Matylda and son-in-law Edward Herbst made large donations towards that would be useful to the city: schools, hospitals (such as the one on Milionowa Street, and the Children's Hospital named after Janusz Korczak), and churches (amongst them the Jesuit's Church, and the Archicathedral of Łódź).

Architecture[edit]

The architecture of the building was based on French and German Gothic Revival architecture. The chapel has a slender contour, finished with openwork masonry towers.

The chapel's shape and quality are recognised as in keeping with the masterpieces of Neo-Gothic architecture. The quality of the Łódź mausoleum is said to be such that there are only a handful of buildings in Europe of equal artistic quality.

History[edit]

After his death, Anna erected the mausoleum-like chapel in his memory. It was built between 1885 and 1888 by Varsovian architects Edward Lilpop and Józef Dziekoński.

Newspapers in Warsaw wrote, "the chapel is a monument executed with the greatest costs concerning our country", and "this is an uncommon work of architecture, designed with great taste and executed with unusual care."

Chapel plan
A view of the chapel in 2006

Karol Scheibler's remains were buried in the crypt and were joined by other members of the family, including his widow, Anna Scheibler.

Neglect and damage[edit]

After 1945, the chapel, along with the whole area of the Old Evangelical - Augsburg Cemetery, was vandalised and damaged in a series of robberies - several coffins in the crypt were destroyed. The condition of the chapel worsened considerably before the Conservatory Authority became interested in the monument in the 1970s. They executed a detailed inventory, walled up windows, and surrounded the chapel with a fence. Despite these precautions, the condition of the chapel has continued to deteriorate.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]

Coordinates: 51°46′35.82″N 19°25′59.85″E / 51.7766167°N 19.4332917°E / 51.7766167; 19.4332917