|Motto||Att förbättra människors hälsa (To improve human health)|
|Admin. staff||3,800 (2012)|
|Students||6,200 (FTE, 2012)|
|Doctoral students||2,300 (2012)|
|Location||Solna, Stockholm County, Sweden|
Karolinska Institutet (often translated from Swedish into English as the Karolinska Institute, the -et being a definite article, and in older texts often as the Royal Caroline Institute) is a medical university in Solna within the Stockholm urban area, Sweden, and one of Europe's largest and most prestigious medical universities. It was founded in 1810 on Kungsholmen on the west side of Stockholm; the main campus was relocated decades later to Solna, just outside Stockholm. A second campus was established more recently in Flemingsberg, Huddinge, south of Stockholm.
Karolinska Institutet is Sweden's third oldest medical school, after Uppsala University (founded in 1477) and Lund University (founded in 1666). Research at Karolinska Institutet accounts for more than 40% of all academic research in Sweden. Karolinska Institutet consistently ranks among the top universities in the world on a number of prestigious ranking tables, and Karolinska Institutet is currently ranked among the top 10 medical universities in world. According to the 2012 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, Karolinska Institutet is ranked 32nd worldwide, 5th in Europe directly behind Oxford university, Cambridge university and UCL, 1st in the Nordic region  and according to the 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities, Karolinska Institute is ranked 11th in the world in the field of clinical medicine and pharmacology, 18th in life sciences and 3rd in pharmacy.
The Karolinska University Hospital, located in Solna and Huddinge, is associated with the university as a research and teaching hospital. Together they form an academic health science centre. It is one of Sweden's largest centres for training and research, accounting for 30 percent of the medical training and 40 percent of the medical academic research conducted nationwide. While most of the medical programs are taught in Swedish, the bulk of the Ph.D. projects are conducted in English.
A committee of the institute appoints the laureates for the Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine. The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet is a body at Karolinska Institutet that awards the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The Nobel Assembly consists of fifty professors from various medical disciplines at the Karolinska Institutet.
Karolinska Institutet was founded in the period between 1810 and 1811, following the Finnish War, as a training center for army surgeons.
The original name was at first 'Medico-Chirurgiska Institutet'. In 1817 the prefix Karolinska was added as a reference to the then-Swedish king Karl XIII (Carolus in Latin). The full name thus became Kongliga Carolinska Medico Chirurgiska Institutet. In 1968, this name was abbreviated to 'Karolinska Institutet'.
Rankings and reputation
Celebrating its 200th anniversary in 2010, Karolinska is a top global medical university and a member of the 22-strong League of European Research Universities. On two campuses it covers the gamut of research and clinical medicine and pharmacology, with a faculty of more than 2,300 serving around 8,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students. For the year 2013, Academic ranking of world universities ranks Karolinska Institutet at number 44 overall in the world, and number 11 in the world/number 2 in Europe in the field of Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy. For the year of 2013/2014, Karolinska Institutet is placed at overall number 36 in the world and number 7 in Europe as well as number 14 in the world and number 6 in Europe among Clinical, Pre-Clinical and Health Universities. For the year of 2014, QS World University Rankings ranks Karolinska Institutet the top 16th university in the world within the subject of medicine, and the 5th in Europe, and the top 7th university in the world within the subject of pharmacy and pharmacology, and the 6th in Europe.
Karolinska Institutet is not measured in the overall university ranking of QS since being a multi-faculty university is one of their requirements.
Notable alumni or faculty
- Jöns Jakob Berzelius (1779–1848; professor at KI), invented modern chemical notation and is considered one of the fathers of modern chemistry; discoverer of the elements silicon, selenium, thorium, and cerium
- Carl Gustaf Mosander (1792–1858; student of chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius, his successor 1836), chemist, discoverer of the elements lanthanum, erbium and terbium.
- Gustaf Retzius (1842–1919), anatomist (Professor 1877-1890)
- Karl Oskar Medin (1847–1928), paediatrician, famous for his study of poliomyelitis (Professor 1883-1914)
- Wilhelm Netzel (1834-1914), Swedish researcher, gynecologist and obstetrician
- Ivar Wickman (1872–1914), pediatrician, pupil of Medin, polio expert
- Göran Liljestrand (1886–1968), physiologist and pharmacologist
- Ulf von Euler (1905–1983), physiologist, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1970
- Herbert Olivecrona (1891–1980), founder of Swedish neurosurgery
- Ragnar Granit (1900–1991), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1967
- Hugo Theorell (1903–1982), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1955
- Lars Leksell (1907–1986), physician, inventor of radiosurgery and the Gamma Knife
- Rolf Luft (1914–2007), professor, endocrinologist
- Sune Bergström (1916–2004), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1982 (with Bengt I. Samuelsson and John Robert Vane)
- Pehr Edman (1916–1977), chemist (Med. dr 1946). Cf. Edman degradation
- Sven Ivar Seldinger (1921–1998), radiologist, inventor of the Seldinger technique
- Torsten Wiesel (1924-), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1981
- Bertil Aldman (1925-1998), professor, biomechanic, inventor of the rear facing infant seat
- Bengt I. Samuelsson (b. 1934), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1982 (with Sune Bergström and John Robert Vane)
Departments of research (by location)
- Cell and Molecular Biology
- Environmental Medicine
- Learning, Informatics, Management & Ethics
- Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics
- Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics
- Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology
- Physiology and Pharmacology
- Woman and Child Health
Karolinska Hospital, Solna
- Clinical Neuroscience
- Clinical Science, Intervention & Technology
- Medicine, Solna
- Molecular Medicine and Surgery
- Public Health Sciences
- Biosciences and Nutrition
- Surgery, Huddinge
- Dental Medicine
- Laboratory Medicine
- Medicine, Huddinge
- Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society
- Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset
- Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital
- ARC in Karolinska Institutet
- List of universities in Sweden
- Sahlgrenska University Hospital
- Royal Institute of Technology
- Stockholm School of Economics
- Stockholm University
- The New Karolinska Solna University Hospital, to be opened in 2015
- "Annual report 2013" (PDF) (in Swedish). Swedish Higher Education Authority (Högskoleverket). 2013.
- http://ki.se/en/research-at-ki. Missing or empty
- http://www.topuniversities.com/courses/medicine/top-10-universities-medicine. Missing or empty
- "THE World University Rankings 2011-2012". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 32 Oct 2011.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy 2012". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. Retrieved 26 Jun 2013.
- Ljunggren,, Bengt; Bruyn, George W. (2002). The Nobel Prize in Medicine and the Karolinska Institute: The Story of Axel Key and Alfred Nobel. Karger Publishers. p. 22. ISBN 9783805572972.
- "KIs historia". Karolinska Institutet. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
- "KIs rankings". Karolinska Institutet. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- Karolinska Institutet - Official site
- Interactive internal website for scientists at Karolinska Institutet[dead link]