Karramiyya

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Karramiyya (Arabic: كرّاميّهtranslit.: Karrāmiyyah) is a sect in Islam which flourished in the central and eastern parts of the Islamic worlds, and especially in the Iranian regions, from the 9th century until the Mongol invasions in 13th century.[1]

The sect was founded by Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Karrām (d. 896) who was ascetic and popular preacher in Khurasan in 9th century. The Karramiyya were rejected by many Sunni theologians as heretical because they allegedly believe Anthropomorphism. There is some sufism in the sect, but later Sufis distanced themselves from them.[2] They also believed that Munkar and Nakir angels were actually the same as guardian angels on the right and left side of every person.[3]

The Karramiyya were often characterized as standing outside the bounds of Sunni orthodoxy. Karramiyya believe that God is a substance (Jawhar) of finite dimensions.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karrāmiyya. BRILL. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ Porter Berkey, Jonathan (2003). The Formation of Islam: Religion and Society in the Near East, 600-1800 2 (illustrated, reprint ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 286. ISBN 9780521588133. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b J. Hoffman, Valerie (2012). The Essentials of Ibadi Islam. Syracuse University Press. p. 328. ISBN 978-0815650843. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  4. ^ Fleming, Benjamin; Mann, Richard (2014). Material Culture and Asian Religions: Text, Image, Object. Routledge. p. 333. ISBN 978-1-135013738. Retrieved August 28, 2014.