Karuizawa, Nagano

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Karuizawa
軽井沢町
Town
Flag of Karuizawa
Flag
Location of Karuizawa in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Karuizawa in Nagano Prefecture
Karuizawa is located in Japan
Karuizawa
Karuizawa
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 36°21′N 138°36′E / 36.350°N 138.600°E / 36.350; 138.600Coordinates: 36°21′N 138°36′E / 36.350°N 138.600°E / 36.350; 138.600
Country Japan
Region Chūbu
Kōshin'etsu
Prefecture Nagano Prefecture
District Kitasaku
Government
 • Mayor Masayoshi Satō
Area
 • Total 156.05 km2 (60.25 sq mi)
Population (January 2008)
 • Total 17,833
 • Density 114/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Kobushi Magnolia
- Flower Sakurasō (Primula sieboldii)
- Bird Brown-headed Thrush
- Others Animal: Japanese Squirrel
Address 2381-1 Nagakura, Karuizawa-machi, Kitasaku-gun, Nagano-ken
389-0192
Phone number 0267-45-8111
Website www.town.karuizawa.nagano.jp

Karuizawa (軽井沢町 Karuizawa-machi?) is a town in Kitasaku District, Nagano Prefecture, Japan.

As of January 1, 2008, the town has an estimated population of 17,833 and has a total area of 156.05 square kilometres (60.25 sq mi).

Karuizawa is a popular tourist spot for people from Tokyo, who travel to Karuizawa to get away from the city especially in summer. The town is accessible via the JR East Nagano Shinkansen, and has a large outlet store shopping mall. It is also known for its historic shopping street known as "Ginza dōri" or "Kyū-dō" (Ginza Street, or the Old Road).

Karuizawa hosted equestrian events in the 1964 Summer Olympics. The town also hosted curling in the 1998 Winter Olympics. To date, it is the only city in the world having hosted both Summer and Winter Olympic events.

Geography[edit]

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Karuizawa has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with warm summers and cold winters. Precipitation is much heavier in the summer than in the winter.

Climate data for Karuizawa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
2.3
(36.1)
6.1
(43)
13.2
(55.8)
18.2
(64.8)
20.6
(69.1)
24.0
(75.2)
25.5
(77.9)
20.5
(68.9)
15.2
(59.4)
10.5
(50.9)
4.8
(40.6)
13.57
(56.43)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.9
(25)
−3.6
(25.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
6.3
(43.3)
11.5
(52.7)
15.3
(59.5)
19.0
(66.2)
20.2
(68.4)
15.7
(60.3)
9.2
(48.6)
4.1
(39.4)
−1.1
(30)
7.69
(45.85)
Average low °C (°F) −9.5
(14.9)
−9.0
(15.8)
−6.0
(21.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.0
(41)
10.9
(51.6)
15.3
(59.5)
16.2
(61.2)
12.2
(54)
4.4
(39.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
−6.4
(20.5)
2.65
(36.77)
Precipitation mm (inches) 29.9
(1.177)
43.0
(1.693)
59.6
(2.346)
84.2
(3.315)
108.8
(4.283)
187.4
(7.378)
184.1
(7.248)
159.3
(6.272)
173.3
(6.823)
107.7
(4.24)
50.7
(1.996)
23.3
(0.917)
1,211.3
(47.688)
Snowfall cm (inches) 29
(11.4)
43
(16.9)
37
(14.6)
8
(3.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
3
(1.2)
16
(6.3)
137
(53.9)
 % humidity 74 75 73 72 74 84 87 86 88 83 77 74 78.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169.6 156.3 183.0 175.1 191.4 126.4 126.5 158.0 107.7 134.9 149.6 165.2 1,843.7
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

Notable Residents[edit]

History[edit]

  • Edo Period: Served as a post station town on Nakasendō, called Karuisawa-shuku at that time.
  • 1872: The village Usuitoge from Saku District, Nagano merged into the village of Karuizawa.
  • 1873: The town of Usuitoge broke off from the village of Karuizawa.
  • August 2, 1876: The villages of Kutsukake, Shiozawanitta, Karijuku, Narusawanitta, and Yui merged to form the village of Nagakura. The village of Hatsuji in Saku District absorbed the village of Matorikaya.
  • January 14, 1879: Kitasaku District Government enforced, and the town of Usuitoge, and the villages of Karuizawa, Nagakura, Oiwake belongs to Kitasaku District.
  • 1886: Canadian Anglican missionary Rev. Alexander Croft Shaw and Tokyo Imperial University English professor James Main Dixon introduced Karuizawa as a summer resort.
  • April 1, 1889: The city, town, and village status enforced. The town of Usuitoge, and the villages of Karuizawa, and the areas of the former villages of Kutsukake, Shiozawanitta, and Karijuku from the village of Nagakura merged to form the village of Higashinagakura in Kitasaku District, and the areas of the former villages of Narusawanitta and Yui in the village of Nagakura, and the villages of Hatsuji and Oiwake merged to form the village of Nishinagakura in Kitasaku District.
  • 1910s: Begins to attract the attention of other expatriates and Japanese.[2]
  • 1922: Gained town status. The village of Higashinagakura becomes the town of Karuizawa.
  • August 1, 1923: The village of Higashinagakura gains town status to become the town of Karuizawa. (The pre-town areas before gaining the town status is known as Kyu-Karuizawa.)
  • 1940s: Site of an internment camp for foreigners and diplomats during World War 2.
  • May 8, 1942: The village of Nishinagakura is merged into the town.
  • 1951: Selected as International Cultural and Tourism City.
  • February 1, 1957: The town absorbed Serizawa area from the former village of Goga, which was absorbed by the town of Miyota.
  • April 1, 1959: The Kajikazawa area of the former village of Oiwake was split off and merged with the town of Miyota.
  • 1964: 1964 Summer Olympics (Equestrian)
  • February 1972: Asama-Sanso incident Police besiege Left-Wing militants holed up in holiday resort after mass killing and hostage taking.
  • October 1, 1997: The Nagano Shinkansen opens, serving Karuizawa.
  • 1998: 1998 Winter Olympics (Curling)
  • 2004: Mount Asama erupts.

Economy[edit]

Hoshino Resorts has its headquarters in Karuizawa.[3]

International relations[edit]

Karuizawa is twinned with the following cities.

Education[edit]

  • Karuizawa High School
  • School of Youth Ministries in English SYME

The International School of Asia, Karuizawa is scheduled to open in Karuizawa in 2014.

Transportation[edit]

Karuizawa Station is located on the Nagano Shinkansen high-speed rail line, about 40 km from Takasaki Station and 150 km from Tokyo Station. The station is also served by the Shinano Railway Line which runs to Nagano City.

The Jōshin-etsu Expressway runs through the town, but the closest interchange is in neighboring Annaka, Gunma. Japan National Route 18 connects Karuizawa to Takasaki, Nagano and Joetsu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Karuizawa Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 31, 2012. 
  2. ^ Tohoku: The Scotland of Japan, p. 181
  3. ^ "Company Overview of Hoshino Resort Co., Ltd. (Archive). Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved on September 22, 2013. "2148, oazanagakura karuizawa-machi Kitasaku, 389-0111 Japan"

External links[edit]

Media related to Karuizawa, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons