Part of the Amaravathy river basin near Karur
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
|Taluka6||Aravakurichi, Karur, Kadavur, Krishnarayapuram, Kulithalai, Manmangalam|
|• Collector||Mrs. S.Jayandhi IAS|
|• SP||Mr. Joshi Nirmal Kumar, IPS|
|• Total||2,856 km2 (1,103 sq mi)|
|• Density||373/km2 (970/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||+91(0)4324, +91(0)4323, +91(0)4320|
|Vehicle registration||TN 47, TN 45N|
|Sex ratio||1015 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||1 - Karur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||4|
|Climate||Max 38c - Min 17c (Köppen)|
Karur District is a district located along the Kaveri and Amaravathi rivers in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The main town in Karur District is the city of Karur, which is also the district headquarters. The district had a population of 1,064,493 with a sex-ratio of 1,015 females for every 1,000 males.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Administration and Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Tourism and places of interest
- 7 Temples
- 8 Health
- 9 Transportation
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Karur is one of the oldest towns in Tamil Nadu and has played a very significant role in the history and culture of the Tamils. Its history dates back over 2000 years, and has been a flourishing trading center even in the early Sangam days. In the ancient and medieval times, the area was ruled by the Cheras, Gangas and Cholas. Karur was the capital of Cheras.The Pasupatheesvarar Temple sung by Thirugnana Sambhandar, in Karur was built by the Chola kings in the 7th century. Later the Nayakars followed by Tipu Sultan also ruled Karur. The British added Karur to their possessions after destroying the Karur Fort during their war against Tipu Sultan in 1783. There is a memorial at Rayanur near Karur for the warriors who lost their lives in the fight against the British in the Anglo-Mysore Wars. Thereafter Karur became part of British India and was first part of Coimbatore District and later Tiruchirappalli District.
Geography and climate
With headquarters at Karur, it is the centrally located district of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded by Namakkal district in the north, Dindigul district in the south, Tiruchirapalli district on the east and Erode & Tiruppur districts on the west. Karur is located at 10°57'° N 78°4'° E has an average elevation of 122 metres (400 feet). Its about 371 km (231 mi) south west of Chennai (Madras), the state capital of Tamil Nadu.
The highest temperature is obtained in early May to early June usually about 34 °C (93.2 °F), though it usually exceeds 38 °C (100.4 °F) for a few days most years. Average daily temperature in Karur during January is around 23 °C (73.4 °F), though the temperature rarely falls below 17 °C (62.6 °F). The average annual rainfall is about 775 mm (30.5 in). It gets most of its seasonal rainfall from the north-east monsoon winds, from late September to mid November.
According to 2011 census, Karur district had a population of 1,076,588 with a sex-ratio of 1,015 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 102,731 were under the age of six, constituting 52,969 males and 49,762 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 20.8% and .05% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 68.3%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The district had a total of 287,095 households. There were a total of 543,298 workers, comprising 83,800 cultivators, 182,639 main agricultural labourers, 10,162 in house hold industries, 231,906 other workers, 34,791 marginal workers, 2,072 marginal cultivators, 18,198 marginal agricultural labourers, 1,178 marginal workers in household industries and 13,343 other marginal workers.
Administration and Politics
Karur District Panchayat samitis:
Karur District Subdivisions
Karur District has 4 Assembly constituencies namely,
- Krishnarayapuram (Reserved)
Karur Parliamentary constitutes 6 Assembly constituencies,
- Krishnarayapuram (Reserved)
- Manapparai (Tiruchirappalli revenue district)
- Viralimalai (Pudukottai revenue district)
- Vedasandur (Dindigul revenue district)
Karur District is a part of cauvery delta region and utilization of land area in the district is up to 44.59%. 4.76% of the land area remains as other uncultivated land. 2.74% is forest area in Karur district. Black soil is the predominant soil type in this district accounting for 35.51% followed by laterite soil for 23.85%. The remaining 20.31% is sandy, coastal and alluvium soil. The main crops are paddy, banana, sugarcane, beetle leaf, grams & pulses, tapioca, kora grass, groundnuts, oilseeds, tropical vegetables, garland flowers, and medicinal herbs.
Karur is famous for its home textiles. Karur has a niche in five major product groups — bed linens, kitchen linens, toilet linens, table linens and wall hangings. Overall Karur generates around Rs.6000 crores in foreign exchange through direct and indirect exports. Allied industries like ginning and spinning mills, dyeing factories, weaving etc., employs around 450,000 people in and around Karur.
On the international textile map, Karur has become synonymous with hand loom made-ups first as Tirupur in the hosiery product. The weaving industry came to Karur from Kerala and has earned a reputation for its high quality hand-loom products today. Hand loom exports from Karur began on a modest scale with just 15 exporters in 1975 and today Karur has thousands of exporters and the products are supplied to world leading chain stores like Walmart, Target, IKEA, Åhléns etc.
TNPL is promoted by the Government of Tamil Nadu with loan assistance from the World Bank. Today TNPL is the largest producer of bagasse based paper in the world and the 2nd largest paper producer in Asia. TNPL produces 230,000 tons of Printing & writing paper and consumes 1 million tones of bagasse every year.providing more employment.
Bus body building
Karur is a renowned hub for bus building industry. It is notable of Karur that almost 95% of south Indian private bus bodies are being built here. The total business is estimated to be around Rs.2750 crore per Annum. There are more than 200 builders in the district and they are making more than 3500 buses per year, including government buses of some states like Karnataka, Tamil Nadu etc.
HDPE filament and associated product manufacturing.
Tourism and places of interest
- Mayanur - Kaveri bed regulator, Dam and River side park
- Chettipalayam - Amaravathi bed regulator, park
- Tirumukkudalur - Kaveri,Amaravathi and Noyyal rivers coincide here
- Nerur - Sacred muut, Meditation, River side park
- Kadavur - Ponnaniyar dam, park
- Shree Kalyana Pasupatheeswarar Temple (Thiru Aanilai), (Karur)
- Shree Abayapradhana Ranganathar Temple, Karur
- Shree Karuvur Mariyamman Temple, Karur
- Thanthondrimalai Shree Kalyana Venkataramanaswamy Temple
- Vennaimalai Shree Balasubramania swamy Temple
- Pugazhimalai Shree BalasubramaniaSwamy Temple (Aaru Naatar Malai)
- Balamalai Shree Balathandayuthapani Temple
- Vanjeleeshwarar Temple, Karur
- Koteeshwarar Temple, Karur
- Sri Chakkarathalwar Temple, Karur
- Venjamangudalur Vigirtheeswarar Temple
- Chettipalayam Gundaleeswarar Temple
- Noyyal Shree Selaandiyamman Temple
- Attur Sholiyamman Temple
- Vanjiyamman Temple
- Valangiyamman Temple
- Aravakkurichi Kasi visvanathar Temple
- Vangal Shree Vangalamman Temple
- Nerur Shree Sadhasiva Bhrameendhraal Temple
- Nerur Agneeshwarar Temple
- Madhukkarai Sellandiyamman Temple
- Manmangalam Shree Kaliyamman Temple
- Periyamadhiyagudalur Arungaraiamman Temple
- Chinna Darapuram Munimukktheswarar Temple
- Moolapalayam Shree Maragatheeswarar Temple (Hill)
- Krishnarayapuram Tirukkanmalleswarar Temple
- Kadavur Vasantha perumal Temple
- Veerappur Kannimaramman, Ponnar Sankar Temple
- Kulithalai Kadambar Temple
- Kulithalai Neelameegha perumal Temple
- Iyermalai Rathinagireeshwarar Temple
- Sivayam Sivapurishwarar Temple
- Lalapet Iyyapan Temple (1st Iyyapa Temple in Tamil Nadu)
- Lalapet Sri Jaya Anjaneya temple
- Mahanadhapuram Mahalakshmi Amman temple
- Togamalai Murugan Temple
- Tirumukkudalur Agastheeshwarar Temple
- Rangamalai Malleeshwarar Temple
- Puliyur Vyakarapuriswarar temple
- Uppidamangalam Adiyaarkku ealiyaar Temple
- Thottakuruchi Malayamman Temple
- manthirikonpatty vinayagar kovil
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Karur is connected with the rest of India through all modern means of transportation. The International highway AH-43 pass away here.There are two national highways: NH-7 (North South Corridor Road (Kashmir to Kanyakumari)) Varanasi - Kanyakumari and NH-67 (Nagapattinam - Trichy - Karur - Coimbatore - Gudalur), which connect with other major towns such as Erode, Tiruppur, Pollachi, Namakkal, Dindigul, Theni, Palani, Karaikudi, Kumbakonam, and Pondicherry. There are new highway construction projects under work. There are busstands at Karur, Kulithalai, Musiri, Thogaimalai, Tharagampatti and Pallapatti from which there are numerous busses to other parts of the state and other states.
Karur (Station Code - KRR) is connected to the Indian Railways network. Trains from Mysore to Tuticorin, Mangalore to Chennai, Coimbatore to Kumbakonam Janshatabdi Express and Mysore to Mayiladuthurai travel via Karur. Karur is connected to major towns like Coimbatore, Madurai, Chennai, Trichy, Salem, Erode, Bangalore and almost North India via rail network. Now salem to karur rail road come to effect so the travelling time from karur to other north Tamil Nadu is reduced.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Karur district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
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