Kasai-Occidental

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Kasaï-Occidental
Kasai Wa Mubuelu
Province
Official seal of Kasaï-Occidental
Seal
Location of Kasaï-Occidental
Coordinates: 05°54′S 22°27′E / 5.900°S 22.450°E / -5.900; 22.450Coordinates: 05°54′S 22°27′E / 5.900°S 22.450°E / -5.900; 22.450
Country  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Region Kasai region
Established 25 April 1966
Capital Kananga
Largest city Kananga
Districts

Lulua District, Kasai district

Government
 • Body Government of Kasaï-Occidental
 • Governor Alex Kande Mupompa
 • Legislature Provincial Assembly of Kasai-Occidental
 • Type Unicameral
Area
 • Total 154,742 km2 (59,746 sq mi)
Area rank 5th
Population (2010 est.)
 • Total 5,366,068
 • Rank 8th
 • Density 35/km2 (90/sq mi)
Demonym Kasaian
Languages
 • Official French
 • National Tshiluba
Time zone Congo eastern time (UTC+02:00)
Website kasaioccidental.com

Kasaï-Occidental (Western Kasai in English) is one of the ten provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

History[edit]

The province of Kasaï-Occidental was established in 1966 by regrouping the provinces of Luluabourg and Unité Kasaïenne which in turn were created 1962 when the historical Kasaï Province was divided in five provinces namely Lomami, Sankuru, Sud-Kasai, Luluabourg, Unité-Kasaïenne. The former provinces of Luluabourg and Unité-Kasaïenne correspond to the current districts of Lulua District and Kasaï District. Since its formation the provinvial seat is Kananga (formerly Luluabourg) which was also the seat of the Kasaï Province between 1957 and 1962. The Provinve of Lusambo precedes the current entity, it was created 1933 by carving out the districts of Kasai and Sankuru from the Province of Congo-Kasaï one of the four provinces established in 1924. The province of Lusambo changed its name to Kasaï Province in 1947 its provincial seat was still Lusambo until 1957 when it was moved to Luluabourg (now Kananga). The Province of Kasai existed until it was scrambled in 1962 into 5 provincettes.

The Province derives it name from the Kasaï river Which flows through the Kasaï District from south to north. The river is the second longest in DR. Congo and a major tributary of the Congo river. The Kasaï river was variously called Enzzadi, Nsadi, Nzadi, Kassabi, Kasye, Kassaba by the different local tribes (Luba, Tshokwe, Lunda, etc..), latter European explorers came to use the name Kasaï to refer to the river.

Geography[edit]

Kasaï-Occidental borders the provinces of Bandundu to the west, Équateur to the north, Kasai-Oriental to the east, and Katanga to the southeast. To the south it borders the country of Angola. The province is crossed by many major rivers: Kasai, Lulua, loango, Sankuru,Lukeni, etc...

Divisions[edit]

The province is divided into the Kasaï and Lulua districts, with their headquarters in the towns of Luebo and Tshimbulu. Cities with independent administrations are Kananga in the Lulua district and Tshikapa in the Kasai district.[1] The Kasai district is divided in five territories:

Kamonia Territory seat Kamonia and is further divided in nine sectors:

  • Bakwa-Nyambi
  • Bapende
  • Kasai-Kabambayi
  • Kasai-Longotshimo
  • Kasai-Lunyeka
  • Kasadisadi
  • Lovua-Longotshimo
  • Lovua-Lushiku
  • Tshikapa

The tshikapa sector should not to be confused with the city of Tshikapa which is administered independently

Luebo Territory seat Luebo, divided in five sectors:

  • Luebo
  • Luebo-Kabambayi
  • Luebo-Lulengele
  • Luebo-Wedi
  • Ndjoko-Punda

Mweka Territory seat Mweka; the entire territory is covered by one sector that of Bakuba.

Ilebo Territory seat Ilebo, divided in four sectors:

  • Basongo
  • Malu-Malu
  • Mapangu
  • Sud-Banga

Dekese territory seat Dekese, divided in two sectors:

  • Ndengese-ikolombe
  • Yaelima

Cities and towns, with their 2010 populations, are:

Name Pop. 2010[2] Coordinates[2]
Dekese 3,241 3°27′S 21°24′E / 3.45°S 21.40°E / -3.45; 21.40 (Dekese)
Demba 21,019 5°31′S 22°16′E / 5.51°S 22.26°E / -5.51; 22.26 (Demba)
Dibaya 3,857 6°31′S 22°52′E / 6.51°S 22.87°E / -6.51; 22.87 (Dibaya)
Dimbelenge 3,815 5°33′S 23°07′E / 5.55°S 23.12°E / -5.55; 23.12 (Dimbelenge)
Ilebo 72,059 4°19′S 20°37′E / 4.32°S 20.61°E / -4.32; 20.61 (Ilebo)
Kabeya-Kamwanga 30,027 6°16′S 22°38′E / 6.27°S 22.63°E / -6.27; 22.63 (Kabeya-Kamwanga)
Kananga 967,007 5°53′S 22°24′E / 5.89°S 22.40°E / -5.89; 22.40 (Kananga)
Kazumba 4,109 6°25′S 22°02′E / 6.42°S 22.03°E / -6.42; 22.03 (Kazumba)
Luebo 29,167 5°21′S 21°25′E / 5.35°S 21.41°E / -5.35; 21.41 (Luebo)
Luiza 15,259 7°12′S 22°25′E / 7.20°S 22.42°E / -7.20; 22.42 (Luiza)
Mankanza 18,134 7°24′S 22°40′E / 7.40°S 22.67°E / -7.40; 22.67 (Mankanza)
Mweka 55,155 4°50′S 21°34′E / 4.84°S 21.57°E / -4.84; 21.57 (Mweka)
Tshikapa 524,293 6°25′S 20°46′E / 6.41°S 20.77°E / -6.41; 20.77 (Tshikapa)
Tshimbulu 19,384 6°29′S 22°51′E / 6.48°S 22.85°E / -6.48; 22.85 (Tshimbulu)

Under the 2006 constitution, Kasaï-Occidental was to have been divided into two provinces by 18 February 2009. Kasai District and the city of Tshikapa were to combine and become a new Kasai Province, and Lulua District would be combined with the city of Kananga to form the new Lulua Province.[3] As of 24 May 2014, this had not taken place.[4]

Demographic[edit]

Languages[edit]

French is the official language. The Luba-Kasai language is spoken by about 6.3 million people in the Kasai region where it is the national languages. Others languages spoken are: Lele, Kuba, Pende, wongo, Lwalwa, Kete Nord, Kete Sud, Salampasu, Bindi sud, Bindi nord, Ngongo, Songomeno, Dengese

Religion[edit]

The major religion is Christianity, with Catholicism being the largest faith.

See also[edit]

References[edit]