Kasaragod

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This article is about the municipality in Kerala, India. For its namesake district, see Kasaragod district.
For other uses, see Kasaragod (disambiguation).
Kasaragod
കാസര്‍ഗോഡ്
City
A bird's eye view of kasaragod town
A bird's eye view of kasaragod town
Kasaragod is located in Kerala
Kasaragod
Kasaragod
Coordinates: 12°30′N 75°00′E / 12.5°N 75.0°E / 12.5; 75.0Coordinates: 12°30′N 75°00′E / 12.5°N 75.0°E / 12.5; 75.0
Country  India
State Kerala
Region Malabar, Tulu Nadu
District Kasaragod
Area
 • City 16.7 km2 (6.4 sq mi)
 • Metro 93.3 km2 (36.0 sq mi)
Elevation 19 m (62 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 54,172[1]
 • Metro 192,761
Languages
 • Official Malayalam Tulu Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 671121
Telephone code 91–4994
Vehicle registration KL-14
Website www.kasargod.nic.in

Kasaragod(Malayalam: കാസര്‍ഗോഡ് kāsargōḍ or kāsaragōḍ, Tulu:ಕಾಸರಗೋಡು) is a town and a municipality in the Kasaragod district, state of Kerala. It is 52 km from Mangalore by road and 46 km through rail.[citation needed] It is the administrative headquarters of Kasaragod district and of the Kasaragod Taluk. It is the second largest town in Kasaragod district after Kanhangad.[1][citation needed] Notable landmarks in the district include Ananthapura Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Madhur Temple, Malik Deenar Mosque, Theruvatthu Mosque, Eniyadi Maqam, Chandragiri Fort, and the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute. The large Bekal Fort is a major tourist attraction near Kasargod.[2]

Malik Deenar Mosque
Nellikunnu Muhyaddin Juma Masjid
Chandragiri bridge which connects Kasaragod town with Chemnad panchayath

Economy[edit]

Ship building industry[edit]

The ship building industry of Thalangara was well known in India. In the past years a number of ships were built here and sold in various states of India and exported to foreign countries. The Kasaragod economy is mainly agrarian; cash crops such as coconut, rubber are grown and commercially exploited. Other industries include tile manufacture, timber industry etc. Foreign investment or N.R.I Income is high in this part of the state.

BHEL Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.[edit]

BHEL Electrical Machines Ltd (BHELEML) is a subsidiary unit of BHEL manufacturing electrical machines mainly Alternators, is located at Bedradka near Kambar(10 km from Kasaragod town). It was previously the Kasaragod unit of Kerala Electrical & Allied Eng.Co.Ltd (KEL) owned by State Government, later 51% if its share brought by BHEL. It is one of the major revenue builder in the district.

KINFRA Park[edit]

A state government initiation to promote industrial developments in this region. It is located at Seethangoli (northern part of Kasaragod). Many large scale and small scale industries like Hindustan Aeronauticals Ltd are in KINFRA Park.

Cashew Industry[edit]

This district also grows a lot of cashewnuts and has many farms promoted by the Government of Kerala as well as tended by local farmers. There are few factories in the district surviving in spite of difficulties. The cashews of Kasaragod are very tasty and creamish in colour. The cashew nut shell liquid is also a versatile phenolic byproduct of the industry that goes as an input in making paints, varnishes, foundry cores etc. Most of the workers in the factories are women. During the boom days in the 1980s, cashew farmers of Kasaragod and Kannur were the cynosure of the political eyes.

The debate that raged in Kerala at the time on whether or not to have monopoly procurement of raw cashew nuts spoke of a crop that was up there in the priority list of administrators. But those heady days of cashew-centred political debates are a distant memory now. And cashew as a crop is on its way to the margins of Kerala’s agricultural landscape.

Consider this: In 1970-71, Kerala had 1,02,711 hectares of land under cashew cultivation, with an annual production of 1,15,240 tonnes of raw nuts. In 2006-07, the area has shrunk to 70,461 hectares and the production to 61,680 tonnes. The area fell by almost one-third of that in 1970-71 and the output by over 46 per cent.

It looks like an unfinished story as one surveys the cashew cultivation scene in Kasaragod, which, along with the neighbouring Kannur, accounts for almost 50 per cent of the total cashew nut production in the State.

Cashew estates in the district, once known for their superior quality nuts, are being replaced by rubber plantations.

Cashew plantations are found mostly in the hilly parts of the district which have hard laterite soil unsuitable for other crops.

Cultivation of cashew as a main crop became popular here in the early 1970s. At the time, many started cultivation on a commercial scale.

The advantage was that cashew trees needed little attention and considering the low maintenance cost, it provided reasonable incomes.

Processing facilities

Although the district produced a large quantity of cashew nuts, facilities for processing the raw nuts and manufacturing value-added products did not come up here.

The raw nuts from the district were procured mainly by private entrepreneurs in Kollam.

The State government procured nuts during the days of monopoly procurement, which was abandoned more than a decade ago. However, the golden days of cashew cultivation in the district did not last long.

The vagaries in the price of raw nuts in the market and the exploitation of farmers by middlemen who buy cashew from farmers and sell it to representatives of cashew factories left farmers with little to spare.

Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI)[edit]

Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) was established in 1970 as one of the agricultural research institutes in the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). The Kerala Coconut Research Station was initially established in 1916 by the then Government of Madras and subsequently it was taken over by the Indian Central Coconut Committee in 1948.[3]

Culture[edit]

Fairs and festivals[edit]

People dressed in Yakshagana attire during a local festival in Kasaragod

Kasargod has many fairs and festivals that are popularly celebrated: Onam, Vishu, Ganesh Chathurti, Nagara Panchami and Malik Deenar Uroos. Eid, Bakrid, 'Milad-e-sheriff' and Muharram are celebrated in a manner similar to that seen in Kozhikode. These festivals along with Shivaratri and Navaratri (Dasara) are enthusiastically celebrated by the local people, as is Deepavali. The 'Milad-e-sheriff' celebration include cultural activities, including competitions such as speech, songs and processions by Madrassa students.

There are many places (Mogral) which are well known for Mappilappattu, a tradition in the Malabar region.

Local festivals, include: Kumbala Bedi Utsava, and Moodappaseva, the latter a local festival celebrated periodically in the Madhur Temple.

Theyyam is a Bootha kola (a spiritual act) performed in Kasargod.

Language[edit]

The principal and recognized administrative languages is Malayalam. Tulu, Beary bashe (spoken by the Tuluva-Malayalee Muslims), Kannada and Konkani are also widely used and Hindi and Urdu to a lesser extent. Havyaka speakers have a strong base in Kannada.[4][5] The Malayalam spoken here has influences from Beary bashe and also from the languages of Kannada, Urdu, Konkani and Tulu. The Kannada and Tulu spoken here are also influenced by Malayalam.[6][7]

Sports[edit]

Major sports are soccer, cricket, kabadi, softball and volleyball. Places like Trikkarippur, Mogral, Padanna and Uppala are well known for football. There are many great players from Kasaragod: Mohammed Rafi (Indian player), Rafeeq Padanna, H A Khalid Mogral. Mannamkuzhi Stadium is the biggest stadium in the district. Mogral Sports Club is the oldest club which was formed in 1920. Kasaragod, Hidayath Nagar(Uppala), Badiadka, Narampady are well known for cricket. Kabadi is the sport predominately seen in the north: (Kumbla and Paivalike). Jagadish Kumbla was an Indian team member. Moosa Sherif Perward is a well-known car rally navigator who has won many titles.

Politics[edit]

The predominate political parties are CPI(M), Indian National Congress, Muslim League and BJP. North Kasaragod is dominated by the Muslim League and the south part of Kasaragod is dominated by CPI(M). Kasaragod assembly constituency is part of Kasaragod (Lok Sabha constituency). CPI(M) member P .Karunakaran is the present MP from Kasargod.[8] N.A Nellikkunnu (Muslim League)is the sitting MLA of Kasaragod.

Transport[edit]

Kasaragod town is on the route of NH 17. It is well connected by road to Uppala, Kannur, Mangalore, Kozhikode, Kochi, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram. Kasaragod is well connected by rail to parts of India such as Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kochi, Kozhikode, Payyanur, Nileshwar , Kannur, Thalassery, Mangalore, Thrissur, Goa, Mumbai, Surat, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Jammu Tawi, Kanyakumari, Palakkad, bengaluru etc. The nearest airport is the Mangalore International Airport (49 km). It is also connected by sea with the Mangalore Port.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of cities and towns in Kasaragod". 
  2. ^ "Bekal". Keralatourism.org. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  3. ^ "Central Plantation Crops Research Institute(CPCRI)". cpcri. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  4. ^ "Kasaragod". 
  5. ^ Kumar Suresh Singh (1998). India's communities 6. Anthropological Survey of India. p. 1549. 
  6. ^ A Sreedhara Menon (1 January 2007). A Survey Of Kerala History. DC Books. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-81-264-1578-6. 
  7. ^ "Introduction to Kasaragod district". 
  8. ^ "Kasaragod Parliament Constituency". Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2009-10-18. [dead link]

External links[edit]