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Kasaragod Tulu is the variety of Tulu spoken in northern Kasaragod in the state of Kerala, southwestern India. This is the Southwest geographical dialect of Tulu. The Tulu spoken in this region differs a little bit from Tulu spoken in Dakshina Kannada and Udupi District of Karnataka.Tuluvas in Kasaragod town can speak fluently in Malayalam and Kannada as well. Like Beary Muslims in Kasaragod, Tuluvas in Kasaragod town have retained their own unique dialect of Malayalam. This is an impure form of Malayalam due to the mixture of Tulu and to some extent Kannada. According to the Puranas, Tulu Nadu is a part of Kerala or Parasurama Kshetram, i.e., "The Land of Parasurama", as the land was reclaimed from sea by Parasurama, an incarnation of Lord Mahavishnu.
The Malayalam/ Tamil language and the Tulu language are closely related. Though traditionally and culturally Tulu Nadu similar to Kerala, it became politically aligned with Karnataka under the influence of Kannada kings. Even the food, festivals, dress, customs, rituals and lifestyle of Tuluvas and Keralites are similar. For example, Tulu and Kerala regions practiced a matrilineal system of inheritance in the past. However, very few communities have remained matrilineal. Also, the rituals of these two groups are similar as in the case of Bhuta Kola for Tuluvas and Theyyam for Malayalees. Nairs and Bunts belong to the same caste. Like Bunts and Nadavas (and other Tuluva people) Nairs too follow their own form of inheritance called Marumakkathayam, which is “Aliya Santana”. Bunts have “Nayaranna bari” (bari = matriarchal lineage). There are many Tulu and Malayalam words with the same meaning in both the languages.
Some of the examples of similarities that are seen in Kasaragod Tulu (general Tulu) and Malayalam are:
- Bolpu in Tulu means morning, the same as Vellupu in Malayalam meaning morning as well.
- Ponnu in Tulu meand girl, the same as Pennu in Tamil/Malayalam means girl.
- Chaavadi in Tulu and Tamil / Malayalam means : Lodging house.
- Paruthy in Tulu and Tamil/Malayalam means : Cotton.
- Oruthy in Tulu and Tamil/Malayalam means : Single girl.
- Kettu in Tulu and Tamil/Malayalam means : Tie.
- Poo in Tulu and Tamil/Malayalam means : Flower.
- Pacha in Tulu and Tamil/Malayalam means : Green.
- Tavid in Tulu and Malayalam means : Brown.
- Ari in Tulu and Malayalam means : Rice
- Puchha in Tulu means : cat, similar to Poocha in Malayalam means : cat
- Aal in Tulu is Aval in Tamil/Malayalam means : She.
- "Tulu Information-1". Southwest dialect stated
- P. Shungoonni Menon (1998). History of Travancore. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 978-81-206-0169-7.
- "Tulu Information-3". Malayalam-Tulu Scripts