Kashipur (community development block)

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Kashipur
Community development block
Kashipur is located in West Bengal
Kashipur
Kashipur
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°26′00″N 86°40′00″E / 23.43333°N 86.66667°E / 23.43333; 86.66667
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Parliamentary constituency Bankura
Assembly constituency Kashipur
Area
 • Total 166.11 sq mi (430.23 km2)
Population (2001)
 • Total 186,980
 • Density 1,130/sq mi (435/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 723132
Literacy Rate 61.75 per cent
Website http://purulia.gov.in/
For other places with same name, see Kashipur.

Kashipur (community development block) (Bengali: কাশীপুর সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক) is an administrative division in Raghunathpur subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Kashipur police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Panchkotraj. Adra is an urban area in this block.[1][2]

History[edit]

Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[3]

Geography[edit]

Kashipur is located at 23°26′N 86°40′E / 23.43°N 86.67°E / 23.43; 86.67.

Kashipur community development block has an area of 430.23  km2.[2]

The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills.[4]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Kashipur block/panchayat samiti are: Agardih-Chitra, Barrah, Beko, Gagnabaid, Gourandih, Hadalda-Upprah, Kalidaha, Kashipur, Monihara, Rangamati-Ranjandih, Simla-Dhanara, Sonajuri and Sonathali.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Kashipur block had a total population of 186,980, out of which 95,259 were males and 91,721 were females. Kashipur block registered a population growth of 11.75 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[6]

Scheduled castes at 51,691 formed around one-fourth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 45,514, forming around one-fourth the population.[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Kashipur block had a total literacy of 61.75 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 78.48 per cent female literacy was 44.42 per cent. Purulia district had a total literacy of 55.57 per cent, male literacy being 73.72 per cent and female literacy being 36.50 per cent.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Purulia district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  3. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  4. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  5. ^ "Annexure A to G.O No.121(Sanction)-RD/CCA/BRGF/1C-5/08". Allotment under BRGF Fund 1st Instalment 2010-11 – Purulia District. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  7. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08.