Kashshu-nadin-ahi

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Kaššu-nādin-aḫi
King of Babylon
Reign ca 1006-1004 BC
Predecessor Ea-mukin-zēri
Successor Eulmaš-šākin-šumi
Bῑt-Bazi Dynasty
Royal house 2nd Sealand Dynasty

Kaššu-nādin-aḫi or -aḫḫē, mBI(=kaš)-šú-u-MU-ŠEŠ,[i 1] “(the) Kassite (god) gives (a) brother(s),” was the 3rd and final king of the 2nd Sealand Dynasty of Babylon, ca 1006–1004 BC. His brief three-year reign was marked by distressed times and famine so severe that it caused the suspension of the regular food and drink offerings at the Ebabbar, or white house, temple of Šamaš in Sippar.[1][i 2]

Biography[edit]

The Kassite derived theophoric element (dKaššû = “the Kassite (god)”) in his name is the only, rather tenuous, reference to the earlier dynasty,[2] and may not be indicative of any actual affiliation so much as emulation of their longevity and presumed legitimacy. He was the son of a certain SAPpaia, who is otherwise unknown.[i 3] The Synchronistic King List[i 4] records his Assyrian contemporary as Aššur-nāsir-apli, ca. 1050 to 1031 BC, but this is unlikely. The period of his reign falls midway through that of Aššur-rabi II, ca. 1013–972 BC.

Although the Dynastic Chronicle records he was interred in a palace, its name is not preserved.[i 3] There are currently no other inscriptions extant attesting to his rule,[3] apart from the passing mention of his woes on the Sun God Tablet of Nabu-apla-iddina[4] and a single inscription on a Lorestān bronze spear head[5]

Inscriptions[edit]

  1. ^ Babylonian King List A, BM 33332, iii 8.
  2. ^ The Sun God Tablet, BM 91000 i 24–28.
  3. ^ a b Dynastic Chronicle (ABC 18), v 7.
  4. ^ Synchronistic King List iii 4 and Synchronistic KL Fragment (KAV 182 iii 1 (restored)).

References[edit]

  1. ^ L. W. King (1912). Babylonian boundary-stones and memorial tablets in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 122.  no. XXXVI.
  2. ^ Bruno Meissner (1999). Dietz Otto Edzard, ed. Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Meek - Mythologie. Walter De Gruyter. p. 8. 
  3. ^ A. K. Grayson (1975). Assyrian and Babylonian chronicles. J. J. Augustin. p. 222. 
  4. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1962). "A Preliminary Catalogue of Written Sources for a Political History of Babylonia: 1160-722 B.C.". Journal of Cuneiform Studies 16 (4): 92. JSTOR 1359098.  no. 14.
  5. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1999). "Kaššû-nādin-aḫḫē". In Dietz Otto Edzard. Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Ia – Kizzuwatna (Volume 5). Walter De Gruyter. p. 474.