Kasi Viswanathar Temple, Kumbakonam
|Kasi Viswanathar Temple|
|Other names:||Kudanthai Karonam|
|Primary Deity:||Kasi Viswanathar
|Temple Tank:||Mahamaham tank|
|Architecture and culture|
|Architectural styles:||Dravidian architecture|
Kasi Viswanathar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Thevaram and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.
The temple is located near the banks of Mahamaham tank. This temple with 2 prakarams (outer courtyard) and a 72 ft high Rajagopuram. Images of the 9 river Goddesses (one of which is Kaveri) are seen in this temple along with kshetra Mahalingam.
This place has been referred to in thevaram written by Saint Poet (7th Century AD) Thirugnana Sambanthar and Thirunavukkarasar. This temple is referred back to Ramayanam period when Lord Rama and Lakshmana are said to have worshipped Shiva here during their search for Sita, and acquired Rudramsam, to enable them to fight Ravana. Legend has it that the nine sacred rivers of India, prayed to Shiva at Banares (Viswanathar) to be absolved of the sins washed away by bathers, and were directed to bathe in the Mahamagam tank and worship Adi Kumbeswarar Temple. Viswanathar of Kaasi is believed to have manifested himself here at Kumbhakonam at Kudandaikkaronam.
The temple has a nava kanniyar aka nava kannigais (Nine rivers) in the form of deities worshipping Lord Shiva and hence the temple is referred as 'Nava Kanniyar' temple. The nine rivers are
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- Census of India, 1961, Volume 7; Volume 9
- "campantar tEvAram -2". projectmadurai.org. Retrieved 16 July 2011.