Kasimov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kasimov (English)
Касимов (Russian)
-  Town  -
Kasimov view.JPG
The Oka River in Kasimov
Map of Russia - Ryazan Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Ryazan Oblast in Russia
Kasimov is located in Ryazan Oblast
Kasimov
Kasimov
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Kasimov in Ryazan Oblast
Coordinates: 54°56′N 41°24′E / 54.933°N 41.400°E / 54.933; 41.400Coordinates: 54°56′N 41°24′E / 54.933°N 41.400°E / 54.933; 41.400
Kasimov coa.png
Flag of Kasimov (Ryazan oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of August 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Ryazan Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of oblast significance of Kasimov[1]
Administrative center of Kasimovsky District,[citation needed] town of oblast significance of Kasimov[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2008)
Urban okrug Kasimov Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Kasimov Urban Okrug,[2] Kasimovsky Municipal District[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 33,491 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Founded 1152[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 3913xx
Dialing code(s) +7 49131[citation needed]
Official website
Kasimov on WikiCommons

Kasimov (Russian: Касимов; Tatar Cyrillic: Касыйм, Latin: Qasím;[7] historically Xankirmän,[8] Gorodets Meshchyorsky, Novy Nizovoy) is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Oka River. Population: 33,491 (2010 Census);[4] 35,816 (2002 Census);[9] 37,521 (1989 Census);[10] 17,000 (1910); of which about 2,000 speak Tatar language.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The first population of this area was a Finnic tribe called the Meshchyora, later assimilated by Russians and Tatars. The town was founded in 1152 by the Vladimir-Suzdal ruler Yury Dolgoruky as Grodets, then Gorodets Meschyorsky (Городец Мещёрский).[citation needed] It was included in the Mishar Yort division of the Golden Horde, but then was sold to Muscovy.

In 1376, the town was destroyed by the Mongol invaders, but was soon rebuilt as Novy Nizovoy (Новый Низовой). After the Battle of Suzdal in 1445 (in which Great Duke Vasili II was taken prisoner), the Meschyora lands were given to Olug Moxammat, Khan of Kazan Khanate as a ransom for the sovereign's life.

In 1452, Great Duke Vasily II of the Grand Duchy of Moscow gave this town to Kazan prince Qasim khan, who served as tribute inspector of the Great Horde, but then came to Russian service. By other accounts, Qasim and his brother Yosif fled from Kazan after losing their bid for the throne against their brother Mäxmüd. After 1471, the town was known as Qasím city. It remained the capital of Qasim Khanate until 1681 when the khanate was re-absorbed into Russia.

A group of Tatars settled there in 15th century and are now known as Qasim Tatars. They speak the Mishar dialect, mixed with the Middle Tatar dialect of the Tatar language. In the 19th century, it became known for its waiters, who staffed many of the St Petersburg hotels.[11]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kasimov serves as the administrative center of Kasimovsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[citation needed] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of oblast significance of Kasimov[1]—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[citation needed] As a municipal division, the town of oblast significance of Kasimov is incorporated as Kasimov Urban Okrug.[2]

Layout and landmarks[edit]

A 15th-century minaret in Kasimov
Mausoleum of Shahghali (1550s)

In the 17th century, the town was separated into three parts:

  • Old Town (Russian: Старый Посад; Tatar: İske Bistä) and Tatar Town (Russian: Татарская слобода; Tatar: Tatar Bistäse) regulated by khan of Qasim Khanate and Tatar noblemen;
  • Yamskoy Town (Russian: Ямская слобода) of Russian commoners, regulated by Moscow;
  • Marfin Town (Russian: Марфина слобода, Tatar: Marfin Bistäse) – part of the city, regulated by Kasimov voyevodas.

Historical buildings:

  • Khan's Mosque (with a limestone minaret from either 1467 or the 1550s)
  • Mausoleum of Shahgali (Şahğäli) Khan (1555)
  • Mausoleum of Afghan Moxammad (Äfğan Möxämmäd) Khan (1658)
  • Russian Orthodox churches:
    • Church of the Epiphany (Богоявленская церковь) 17th century;
    • St. Nicholas Church (Никольская церковь) 17th century;
    • Trinity Church (Троицкая церковь) 17th century;
    • Cathedral of the Ascension (Вознесенский собор) 19th century.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #128-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #81-OZ
  3. ^ Law #82-OZ
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ in local dialect it is pronounced ka-CHEEM
  8. ^ Ханкирмән, Хан-Кермень, means "Khan's fortress"
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Kasmiov" in the Encyclopæedia Britannica 11th ed., Vol. 15. 1911.

Sources[edit]

  • Рязанская областная Дума. Закон №128-ОЗ от 12 сентября 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Рязанской области», в ред. Закона №56-ОЗ от 27 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 7 Закона Рязанской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Рязанской области"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Рязанские ведомости", №273, 20 сентября 2007 г. (Ryazan Oblast Duma. Law #128-OZ of September 12, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Ryazan Oblast, as amended by the Law #56-OZ of July 27, 2012 On Amending Article 7 of the Law of Ryazan Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Ryazan Oblast". Effective as of the day ten days after the official publication.).
  • Рязанская областная Дума. Закон №81-ОЗ от 7 октября 2004 г. «О наделении муниципального образования — город Касимов статусом городского округа и установлении его границ», в ред. Закона №54-ОЗ от 8 мая 2008 г «Об утверждении границы муниципального образования — городской округ город Касимов». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Рязанские ведомости", №212–213 (без Приложения), 14 октября 2004 г. (Ryazan Oblast Duma. Law #81-OZ of October 7, 2004 On Granting Urban Okrug Status to the Municipal Formation of the Town of Kasimov and on Establishing Its Borders, as amended by the Law #54-OZ of May 8, 2008 On Establishing the Border of the Municipal Formation—the Urban Okrug of the Town of Kasimov. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Рязанская областная Дума. Закон №82-ОЗ от 7 октября 2004 г. «О наделении муниципального образования — Касимовский район статусом муниципального района, об установлении его границ и границ муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №25-ОЗ от 12 мая 2014 г. «Об изменении статуса муниципального образования – Лашманское городское поселение Касимовского муниципального района и внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Рязанской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Рязанские ведомости", №212–213 (без приложений), 14 октября 2004 г. (Ryazan Oblast Duma. Law #82-OZ of October 7, 2004 On Granting the Municipal Formation of Kasimovsky District the Status of a Municipal District, on Establishing Its Borders and the Borders of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #25-OZ of May 12, 2014 On Changing the Status of the Municipal Formation—Lashmanskoye Urban Settlement of Kasimovsky Municipal District—and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of Ryazan Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • This article incorporates text from Tatar Encyclopedia.
  • This article incorporates text from the Brockhaus-Efron Encyclopedia

External links[edit]