Kasli (Russian: Касли) is a town and the administrative center of Kaslinsky District of Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located 87 kilometers (54 mi) northwest of Chelyabinsk, on the eastern slope of the Middle Urals, among Lakes Bolshiye and Malye Kasli, Irtyash, Sungul, and Kirety. Population: 16,969 (2010 Census); 19,091 (2002 Census); 21,530 (1989 Census).
It was founded in 1747 as the settlement of Kaslinsky (Каслинский) around a foundry. Town status was granted to it on July 29, 1942.
The Kasli plant became famous for its cast-iron castings in the middle of the 19th century. In 1900, an open-work pavilion was molded from metal for the international exhibition. It is now exhibited in the Yekaterinburg picture gallery.
- Museum of decorative castings
Kasli is a famous center for artistic figures made of cast iron (Kasli iron sculpture). The cast sculptures of Klodt, Lancere, Solovyova and other prominent artists are among the most famous works in the Museum of Decorative Castings. In 1860, the Kasli factory was honored with the Golden Award (the small golden medal of the Free Economical Society). A year later the factory was awarded the Small Silver Medal at Saint Petersburg's Textile exhibition. Honorable diplomas and silver and golden medals were awarded at the World Exhibitions in Paris (1867), in Vienna (1873), Philadelphia (1876), Copenhagen (1888), Stockholm (1897), and again in Paris (1900).
Many renowned historical artistic sculptures and figures at Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as the iron furniture at the Winter Palace, was produced by the Kasli factory.
The leading branches of industry are non-ferrous metallurgy, machine-building and metal-working. In 2001 industry comprised 94.5%, building – 3.2%, trade and public catering – 0.2% in the structure of production.
Enterprises: machine-building plant, radio plant, clothes factory.
Dairy and meat farming prevails in agriculture. Potato growing is developed.
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.