Kastamonu Vilayet

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ولايت کسطمونى
Vilâyet-i Kastamuni
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

1867–1922
Location of Kastamonu Vilayet
Kastamonu Vilayet in 1900
Capital Kastamonu
History
 -  Established 1867
 -  Disestablished 1922

The Vilayet of Kastamonu (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت کسطمونى, Vilâyet-i Kastamuni) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, established in 1867 and abolished in 1922. At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 19,300 square miles (50,000 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 1,009,460.[2] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[2]

History[edit]

In the 1920s, the region was described by the British as being mountainous and having a primarily Muslim population. In 1920, the British described the Vilayet as being "the most backward in Anatolia."[3]

Economy[edit]

The vilayet was not known for large agricultural production, despite being described as having fertile ground in 1920. Most agricultural production is kept within the vilayet, being consumed by the population.[3] What was produced, included wheat, barley, maize, chickpeas, gall, and valonia oak. A small amount of opium and cotton was also produced in the region. Silk production was active in the southern area on a small scale, as was livestock.[4] The area used to mine lead and nickel.[5][6]

Cloth was also being produced in the vilayet, made from wool and goat hair, which was mainly sold to locals. Sinop produced cotton cloth as well, with detailed embroidery. In the western part of the vilayet, rugs were produced. Sinop and Ineboli both were centers for boatbuilding.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[8]

  1. Sanjak of Kastamonu (Kastamonu, İnebolu, Safranbolu, Taşköprü, Daday, Cide, Tosya, Araç)
  2. Sanjak of Kengiri (Çankiri, Çerkeş)
  3. Sanjak of Sinob (Sinop, Boyabat, Ayancık)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1914 Census Statistics". Turkish General Staff. pp. 605–606. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Asia by A. H. Keane, page 459
  3. ^ a b Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. 
  4. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. 
  5. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 103. 
  6. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 106. 
  7. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 112. 
  8. ^ Kastamonu Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  9. ^ Naval staff, Intelligence Department (Royal Navy) (1919). A handbook of Asia Minor 1. London. p. 226. 

External links[edit]