Kastsyukovichy

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Kastsyukovichy
Касцюковічы
Костюковичи
Coat of arms of Kastsyukovichy
Coat of arms
Kastsyukovichy is located in Belarus
Kastsyukovichy
Kastsyukovichy
Location of Kastsyukovichy, shown within the Mahilyow Voblast
Coordinates: 53°20′N 32°03′E / 53.333°N 32.050°E / 53.333; 32.050
Country
Subdivision
 Belarus
Mogilev Region
Population (2009)
 • Total 15,993
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
License plate 6

Kastsyukovichy (Belarusian: Касцюковічы; Russian: Костюковичи) is a town in Mogilev Region, Eastern Belarus. It is located in the east of the Region, close to the border with Russia, and serves as the administrative center of Kastsyukovichy Raion. As of 2009, its population was 15,993.[1]

History[edit]

Kastsyukovichy was first mentioned in a chronicle in 1508. It belonged to Poland, and in 1772, as a result of the First Partition of Poland, it was transferred to Russia. In the middle of the 19th century it had a population of 1700 and was the administrative center of Kostyukovichskaya Volost of Klimovichsky Uyezd, Mogilev Governorate.[2] In 1919, Mogilev Governorate was abolished, and Kastsyukovichy was transferred to Gomel Governorate. On July 17, 1924 the governorate was abolished, and Kastsyukovichy became the administrative center of Kastsyukovichy Raion, which belonged to Kalinin Okrug of Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. In July, 1927, Kalinin Okrug was abolished, and Kastsyukovichy was transferred into Mogilev Okrug. On January 15, 1938 the raion was transferred to Mogilev Region. In 1938, Kastsyukovichy was granted the town status. During the Second World War, the town was occupied by German troops and severely damaged. In 1986, it was considerably affected by the Chernobyl disaster.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

In Kastsyukovichy, there is a cement plant, as well as several enterprises of food industry, including alcohol production.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Kastsyukovichy has a railway station on the railroad connecting Orsha with Unecha via Krychaw. South of the town, the railroad crosses the state border and enters Russian Federation.

The town is well served by roads. One road connects it to Klimavichy on the north and eventually to the highway connecting Roslavl in Russia with Bobruysk. Another one crosses the border and runs to Surazh.

Culture and recreation[edit]

In Kastsyukovichy, some buildings survived from the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. There is a Jewish cemetery. The Church of the Erection of the Cross was built in the 1990s.[4]

References[edit]

Media related to Kaściukovičy at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ "Численность населения областей и районов: Могилевская" (in Russian). Национальный статистический комитет Республики Беларусь. Retrieved 30 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "История" (in Russian). Костюковичский районный исполнительный комитет. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Экономика" (in Russian). Костюковичский районный исполнительный комитет. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Костюковичи" (in Russian). Глобус Беларуси. Retrieved 2 February 2012.