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The shrine of Bulleh Shah in central Kasur
|• Total||3,995 km2 (1,542 sq mi)|
|Elevation||218 m (715 ft)|
|• Density||595/km2 (1,540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Kasur or Qasur (Urdu: قصُور), (Punjabi: قصور), is the headquarters of Kasur District, Pakistan. Bordered to the north by Lahore, by India to the south and east, the city is adjacent to the border of Ganda Singh Wala, a border with its own flag-lowering ceremony similar to that of Wagah but far more intimate and less jingoistic. Kasur is also the burial place of the legendary Sufi-poet Bulleh Shah.
Kasur region was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Kasur region was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.
In 997 CE, Mahmud of Ghazni, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the northern Punjab region around modern-day Kasure. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire and Afghan empires later ruled the Kasur region. Under their rule, the city of Kasur was established by seven tribes of Pashtuns who had migrated to the region, and built several small forts in the area. During this time, the Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints. Under Mughal rule, the city flourished and was notable for commerce and trade, and became home of the legendary Sufi saint and celebrated poet, Bulleh Shah, who is buried in a large shrine in the city.
After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Kasur in 1807. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the British Raj, the irrigation canals were built that irrigated large areas of the Kasur District. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs were to migrate to India while the Muslim Muhajir people, migrated from India and settled in Kasur.
As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, Punjabi language is spoken by 95%. Punjabi dialects spoken in the city are:
- Majhi - Dialect of native inhabitants.
- Malwi - Spoken by migrants from Indian Punjab that settled in the region after the partition of British India.
- Bulleh Shah, Punjabi poet
- Noor Jehan, singer and actress
- Basit Jehangir Sheikh, former MPA, Kasur District
- Sahibzada Ahmad Raza Khan Kasuri, former MNA
- Irshad Ahmed Haqqani, Journalist, writer
- Sardar Asif Ahmad Ali, former Foreign Minister (PPPP)
- Khurshid Mahmood Kasuri, former Foreign Minister and now Leading Member of PTI
- Sardar Tufial Khan Mayo, former Member National Assembly And Punjab Assembly
- Bakhtiar Mahmood Kasuri, politician and founding member of PTI
- Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, A Hindustani classical vocalist, from the Patiala gharana (Born in Kasur, later migrated to India after partition)
The main crops in Kasur are wheat, corn, Rice, potato, sugar cane and turmeric. Allahabad(Thengmor) The biggest wheat and rice market in Punjab, there are 70 rice sheller in the area. Turmeric fields of Chhanga Manga and Talwandi, Noor Pur are unique agricultural features of Pakistan.