Katakolo

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Katakolo
Κατάκολο
Promenade of Katakolo
Promenade of Katakolo
Location
Katakolo is located in Greece
Katakolo
Katakolo
Coordinates 37°39′N 21°19′E / 37.650°N 21.317°E / 37.650; 21.317Coordinates: 37°39′N 21°19′E / 37.650°N 21.317°E / 37.650; 21.317
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: West Greece
Regional unit: Elis
Municipality: Pyrgos
Municipal unit: Pyrgos
Population statistics (as of 2001)[1]
Community
 - Population: 601
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)

Katakolo (Greek: Κατάκολο) is a seaside town in the municipality of Pyrgos in western Elis, Greece. It is situated on a headland overlooking the Ionian Sea and separating the Gulf of Kyparissia from the rest of the Ionian. It is 11 km west of downtown Pyrgos. The small village of Agios Andreas, which in ancient times was the natural harbour for Ancient Olympia,lies northwest of Katakolo. A railway connects Katakolo with Pyrgos and Olympia, but along with the rest of the rail network in the Peloponnese, services have been suspended since 2011 for economic reasons.

History[edit]

In the Middle Ages, Katakolo was the site of the fortress of Pontikon or Pontikokastro (Ποντκόν, Ποντικόκαστρο), which the Frankish rulers of the Principality of Achaea called Beauvoir or Belveder.[2] The fortress was built by the Byzantines and taken over by the Franks ca. 1205.[3]

Visitor attractions[edit]

The port of Katakolo is a popular stop for cruise ships, offering an opportunity for passengers to visit the site of Olympia. Low hills with forests surround Katakolo. Visitors here have the opportunity to visit the ancient port of Olympia, the sunken ancient city of Pheia. Ancient Pheia was on the other side of the mountain of Ichthys, now Agios Andreas, within walking distance of Katakolo port. The lighthouse of Katakolo was built in 1865. One of the most important sites of Katakolo is the Museum of Ancient Greek Technology.

The remains of the medieval Pontikokastro/Beauvoir castle still stand on a hilltop northeast of the modern port, but the castle is mostly ruined and its original appearance can only be surmised.[4]

Historical population[edit]

Year Population of Katakolo
1991 594
2001 601
2011 513

Persons[edit]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003. 
  2. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 328–330.
  3. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 66, 663.
  4. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 663–665.

Sources[edit]