Catherine Opalińska

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Catherine Opalińska
Catherine Opalińska.PNG
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Tenure 1705–1708
1733–1736
Coronation 4 October 1705
Spouse Stanislaus I of Poland
Issue Anna Leszczyńska
Maria, Queen of France
House House of Opaliński (by birth)
House of Poniatowski (by marriage)
Father Jan Karol Opaliński
Mother Zofia Czarnkowska
Born (1680-10-13)13 October 1680
Poznań, Poland
Died 19 March 1747(1747-03-19) (aged 66)
Lunéville, France
Burial Église Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours, Nancy

Catherine Opalińska (1680–1747) was Queen consort of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth twice and a Duchess consort of Lorraine through her marriage with Stanislaus I of Poland.

Biography[edit]

Catherine was the daughter of magnate Jan Karol Opaliński and his wife Zofia Czarnkowska. On May 10, 1698 in Kraków she married Stanislas Leszczynski, who became Duke of Lorraine and was, briefly, king of Poland. In 1699, she gave birth to Anna Leszczyńska, and in 1703, to Marie Leszczynska, the future wife of Louis XV of France.

In 1704, her spouse was made King of Poland by Charles XII of Sweden, who had invaded the country in 1704. In 1709, her spouse was deposed when the Swedish army lost the military upper hand in Poland, and the family was by Charles XII granted refuge in the Swedish city of Kristianstad in Scania.[1] In Sweden, the family was welcomed by the Queen Dowager Hedwig Eleonora and became popular members of the society life on the estates of the nobility around Kristianstad; in 1712, they also visited Medevi, the spa of the Queen Dowager.[2] In 1714, Charles XII gave them permission to live in the Swedish province of Zweibrücken in Germany, were they were supported by the income of Zweibrücken: they lived there until the death of Charles XII in 1718[3] Catherine, as well as her daughter queen Marie, maintained a political correspondence with Margareta Gyllenstierna, the spouse of Arvid Horn, with whom she had made the acquaintance during her stay in Sweden[4] After the death of Charles XII, they lived in Wissembourg in Alsace in France.

In 1725, her daughter Marie was chosen to be the queen of France, which made Catherine mother-in-law to Louis XV of France. After the wedding, Catherine and Stanislaus resided at the Chateau du Chambord.[5]

In 1737, her spouse was made Duke of Lorraine, which made Catherine duchess consort of Lorraine, and she was thereby installed at the Ducal court in Nancy. Until her death, however, she kept her title of Queen. As long as she lived, Stanislaus reportedly benefited the Catholic church and the Jesuit order financially. [6] In contrast to Stanislaus, Catherine did not adjust to life in France or Lorraine, but felt a certain bitterness over her exile,[7] and continue to long for Poland.[8] Catherine Opalinska was described as homely, pious and charitable, but also as a "dour" personality who Stanislaues regarded to be boring.[9] As soon as they were installed with their court in Lorraine, Stanislaus took numerous mistresses, many among her ladies-in-waiting, such as Catherine Ossolinska and Anna Maria Ossolinska, Marie-Louise de Linanges, Madame de Bassompierre and Madame de Cambres, until from 1745 he had a permanent relationship with the marquise de Boufflers, all relationships which Catherine could not prevent.[10]

When his mother-in-law, the wife of the dethroned king of Poland, died in 1747, Louis XV ordered a commemorative ceremony, in her honour at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. The ceremony glorified the deceased who underwent a veritable deification.

Her tomb is in the church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours, in Nancy, next to her husband and the heart of their daughter.

Ancestors[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Piotr Opaliński, voivode of Poznań
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Krzysztof Opaliński, voivode of Poznań
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zofia Kostka
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jan Karol Opaliński, castellan of Poznań
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adam Sędziwój Czarnkowski, voivode of Łęczyca
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Teresa Konstancja Czarnkowska
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Katarzyna Leszczyńska
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Catherine Opalińska
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kazimierz Franciszek Czarnkowski, castellan of Poznań
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adam Uriel Czarnkowski
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Konstancja Lubomirska
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zofia Anna Czarnkowska
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Remigian Zaleski, Castellan of Łęczyca
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Teresa Zaleska
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anna Miełżyńska
 
 
 
 
 
 

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lundh-Eriksson, Nanna (1947). Hedvig Eleonora (in Swedish). Wahlström & Widstrand. 
  2. ^ Lundh-Eriksson, Nanna (1947). Hedvig Eleonora (in Swedish). Wahlström & Widstrand. 
  3. ^ Lundh-Eriksson, Nanna (1947). Hedvig Eleonora (in Swedish). Wahlström & Widstrand. 
  4. ^ Norrhem, Svante (2007). Kvinnor vid maktens sida : 1632-1772. (Women alongside power: 1632-1772) Lund: Nordic Academic Press. Libris 10428618. ISBN 978-91-89116-91-7 (Swedish)
  5. ^ Renata Tyszczuk: The Story of an Architect King: Stanislas Leszczynski in Lorraine 1737-1766
  6. ^ The National Review, Volym 19.W.H. Allen, 1892
  7. ^ Bogdan, Henry: La Lorraine des ducs
  8. ^ Nesta H. Webster: The Chevalier De Boufflers (1916)
  9. ^ Nesta H. Webster: The Chevalier De Boufflers (1916)
  10. ^ Bogdan, Henry: La Lorraine des ducs
  11. ^ Zamek w Sierakowie, Historia Zamku.
  • This article is based on a translation of the equivalent article of the French Wikipedia on 7 March 2007
  • Renata Tyszczuk: The Story of an Architect King: Stanislas Leszczynski in Lorraine 1737-1766

Further reading[edit]

  • Zieliński, Ryszard (1978). Polka na francuskim tronie. Czytelnik.
Catherine Opalińska
Born: 13 October 1680 Died: 19 March 1747
Royal titles
Preceded by
Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania

1705–1708
Succeeded by
Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Preceded by
Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania

1733–1736
Succeeded by
Maria Josepha of Austria
Preceded by
Maria Theresia of Austria
Duchess of Lorraine
1737–1747
Succeeded by
None