Katharine Cook Briggs

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This article is about the American psychologist. For the English novelist, see Katharine Mary Briggs.

Katharine Cook Briggs (1875–1968) was co-creator, with her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers, of an inventory of personality type known as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).

Her husband, Lyman Briggs, was a renowned physicist and director of the National Bureau of Standards during the presidency of Franklin Roosevelt. He was that administration's first representative to the Manhattan Project.[1]

She used data from her own studies of in the fields of education of children and their social development. From this she developed a methodology to help determine future vocation the best vocation. Her daughter Isabel subsequently joined her and further developed this work.[1]

Sometime after 1918, she began to develop her own typology based on her observations of patterns, identifying meditative types, spontaneous types, executive types, and sociable types. These later became known in MBTI terms as I, EP, ETJ and EFJ. Together with her daughter and son-in-law "Chief" Clarence Myers, and inspired by the work of Carl Jung, the work developed during the 1920s and 1930s.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "MBTI history". Retrieved 2014-07-10.