Katherine Washington

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Katherine Washington
No. 5, 8 – Nashville Business College
Position Guard
League Amateur Athletic Union
Personal information
Born Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Nationality United States American
Listed height 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Listed weight 125 lb (57 kg)
Career information

Katherine Washington is a former American women's basketball player, who played on the first two U.S. women's national teams, earning world championships in 1953 and 1957.[1] Washington played for the Nashville Business College team of the Amateur Athletic Union, and later for Wayland Baptist College, earning All-American honors six times. Washington was inducted into the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame in 2000.[2]

AAU[edit]

Washington played for the Nashville Business College AAU team, one of the dominant teams of the 1950s and 1960s. She joined the team in 1952 while still a high school senior, but was the only player on the team at the time to earn All-American status.[3] Washington transferred to the Wayland Baptist team, which won the AAU National championship in 1959.[4]

USA Basketball[edit]

The first World Championship for women was organized in 1953. AAU teams had been holding national tournaments for years, but this event, held in Santiago, Chile in March 1953, was the first major international tournament for women. The team sent by the USA was composed largely of players from the Nashville Business College(NBC) AAU team, including the coach John L. Head. Washington was one of the seven NBC players on the team, as well as the youngest at the age of 20. Traveling in South America was an adventure at the time. The team visited Panama and Cuba on their way to the event, and played a scrimmage against the Cuban national team. There were plans to visit Ecuador and Nicaragua, but the visit was cancelled due to riots. Fans occasionally threw rocks at the players, and some of the bench players had to find refuge under the stand. When a player for the host team, Chile, fouled out during the third quarter, the game had to be temporarily stopped due to demonstrations by the 30,000 fans in attendance.[5]

With no international experience, it wasn't clear how well the USA team was expected to compete. However, while the team lost an early round game to Brazil, they won the remaining games, including the gold medal game against Chile 49–36, to claim the gold medal, and the first World Championship.[1]

Washington continued to play for the USA National team in the 1957 World Championships, held Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The team was more balanced this time. There were four NBC players, including Nera White, but there were eight other players from five other teams, such as Joan Crawford who played for Clarendon Junior College (although would go on to play for NBC). The team lost a close game to Czechoslovakia in preliminary play 53–50, but would avenge the game in a rematch later in the tournament. Overall, the team had eight wins against the single loss. The USA team played USSR in the title game, representing the first time these two teams played each other. White, on the USA team's best players, was kneed in the mouth in the first half of the game, and could not return to play. The USSR led most of the game, but the USA team came back late and took the lead. The USA emerged victorious, winning the game 51–48, and earning the gold medal, and the title of World Champion.[6][7]

In 1959, the USA national team was made up of players from several teams, but seven were from the Flying Queens team, which represented Wayland Baptist. The coach of the USA team was Harley Redin who coached the Flying Queens. Washington was one of the Wayland Baptist players. The team represented the USA at the Pan American Games, which were held in Chicago, Illinois, the first time the event had been held in the USA. The USA team won all eight games, earning the gold medal. Washington averaged 4.8 points per games.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "FIRST WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP FOR WOMEN-- 1953". USA Basketball. Retrieved 18 Oct 2013. 
  2. ^ Katherine Washington, Class of 2000
  3. ^ Ikard, p. 71
  4. ^ Ikard, p. 115
  5. ^ Ikard, pp. 102–103
  6. ^ "SECOND WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP FOR WOMEN -- 1957". USA Basketball. Retrieved 18 Oct 2013. 
  7. ^ Ikard, p. 118
  8. ^ "THIRD PAN AMERICAN GAMES -- 1959". USA Basketball. Retrieved 18 Oct 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Ikard, Robert W. (2005). Just for Fun: The Story of AAU Women's Basketball. The University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 978-1557288899.