Kathleen Kennedy Townsend
|Kathleen Kennedy Townsend|
|Townsend in 2001|
|6th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland|
January 18, 1995 – January 15, 2003
|Preceded by||Melvin Steinberg|
|Succeeded by||Michael Steele|
|Born||Kathleen Hartington Kennedy
July 4, 1951
|Spouse(s)||David Lee Townsend (m. 1973)|
|Children||Meaghan, Maeve, Rose, and Kerry|
|Alma mater||Harvard University, B.A. (1974)
University of New Mexico, J.D. (1978)
|Website||Kathleen Kennedy Townsend|
Kathleen Hartington Kennedy Townsend (born July 4, 1951) is an American attorney who was the sixth Lieutenant Governor of Maryland from 1995 to 2003. She ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Maryland in 2002. In 2010 she became the chair of the non-profit American Bridge, an organization that will raise funds for Democratic candidates and causes. She is a member of the Kennedy family.
Early life, education, and law career 
Kathleen was born in Greenwich, Connecticut, the eldest of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Kennedy's 11 children, and the eldest grandchild of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. and Rose Kennedy. She was named for her aunt Kathleen Agnes Kennedy. It was not assumed that the girls in the politically oriented Kennedy family would run for office or become public persons, while she was growing up. However, after her uncle President John F. Kennedy was assassinated, her father wrote her saying, "As the oldest of the next generation you have a particular responsibility..... Be kind to others and work for your country."  Her family gave her the nicknames "Clean Kathleen", "the Nun", and "the Un-Kennedy".
She spent most of her childhood in McLean, Virginia, and attended Stone Ridge School in nearby Bethesda, Maryland. She graduated from The Putney School in Vermont. She attended Radcliffe College, receiving her bachelor's degree in history and literature in 1974. She then studied at the University of New Mexico School of Law, receiving her Juris Doctor degree in 1978.
For several years, she worked as an attorney in New Haven, Connecticut, while her husband attended Yale Law School. She also worked on her uncle Ted Kennedy's 1980 presidential campaign, stumped for local Democrats, and was a policy analyst for the Massachusetts governor's office in the early 1980s.
The family moved to Maryland, her husband's home state, in 1984. In 1986, Townsend became the first Kennedy to lose a general election when she ran for the U.S. House of Representatives in Maryland's strongly Republican second congressional district, using the name Townsend only. Incumbent Republican Helen Delich Bentley defeated her 41% to 59%.
She then went to work for the state government of Maryland, holding numerous posts including assistant Attorney General. She also served on the State Board of Education, and as a presidential elector. Following this, she worked at the U.S. Department of Justice as a Deputy Assistant Attorney General for two years during the Clinton administration.
Lieutenant Governor of Maryland 
In 1994, Parris Glendening was running for Governor in a highly contested primary against then-Lt. Governor Melvin A. Steinberg when he selected her as his running mate. Experts did not believe she would be an asset, but her name recognition (she now used the name Kennedy Townsend) and her fund-raising skills, helped him to win.
In the general election, Glendening and Townsend beat Republican candidate Ellen Sauerbrey in one of Maryland's closest and most controversial gubernatorial elections. After unofficial results indicated that Sauerbrey had lost the election by a narrow margin, she began making what The Washington Post called "sensational charges" that the election had been stolen. Sauerbrey's allegations included ballot box stuffing, 100% voting in one precinct, voting by numerous dead people, and what she called the Kennedy "precedent"—that unproven rumors that John Kennedy had stolen the 1960 Presidential election proved that his niece Townsend had stolen this election.
The official vote tally declared Glendening the winner by 5,993 votes out of 1.4 million. Sauerbrey hired an election specialist known for aggressive tactics then filed a lawsuit alleging that 50,000 votes had been cast illegally. By the time the hearing began in January 1995, however, Sauerbrey had backed away from the fraud charges and her claim centered on sloppy election procedures and 3,600 challenged ballots. The number of challenged ballots would not been enough to change the result even if all them were thrown out. The judge ruled that about 1,800 votes had been cast in Baltimore by people whose names should have been purged from the rolls, but said that there was no clear and convincing evidence that fraud or procedural errors had affected the outcome. Sauerbrey dropped the suit three days before Glendening was to be inaugurated, but still maintained her belief that she had won the election.
Sauerbrey ran against Glendening again in 1998, but this time Glendening and Townsend won by a much wider margin (55% to 44%).
During her tenure as Lt. Governor, Townsend focused on reducing crime and promoting economic development.
2002 gubernatorial election 
During the campaign, Townsend was criticized for her choice of running mate, Admiral Charles R. Larson, a novice politician who had switched parties only a few weeks before. Larson was also a white male, unlikely to help minority turnout. Ehrlich's running mate was Michael Steele, an African-American lawyer who had been chairman of the Republican Party of Maryland.
In late September 2002, a debate between the gubernatorial candidates was held at the historically black Morgan State University in Baltimore. Racial topics were overtly discussed with Townsend criticizing Ehrlich for opposing affirmative action based on race. Ehrlich was booed. Five days after the debate, Ehrlich's spokesman claimed that the Townsend campaign had handed out Oreo cookies to the audience to signify that Ehrlich's running mate was black on the outside but white on the inside. News reports regarding the debate had not mentioned Oreos at all. Three weeks later, Ehrlich said Oreos had been thrown at Steele. In late November 2002, Steele said an Oreo had rolled to his feet during the September debate, but he implied he was not sure that an insult had been intended. The story was revived three years later with accounts proliferating in the press that Steele had been pelted with Oreos by Townsend supporters, The Baltimore Sun investigated the allegations, but could not confirm independently that any portion of the belatedly reported cookie incident had occurred, Steele would later tell local radio station WTOP that the claims were exaggerated, saying that he "never claimed that I was hit, no. The one or two that I saw at my feet were there. I just happened to look down and see them."
Though Maryland traditionally votes Democratic and had not elected a Republican Governor in almost 40 years, Townsend lost the race, gaining 48% of the vote to Ehrlich's 51% and Lancaster's 1%. Ehrlich became only the seventh Republican governor in state history. The Baltimore Sun said the defeat derailed her political career, at least in the short run.
Post political career 
Townsend, along with siblings Robert, Jr. and Kerry, endorsed Hillary Rodham Clinton for President in the 2008 Democratic primaries. Subsequently, other family members (siblings Rory, Max, mother Ethel, cousins Caroline and Patrick and uncle Ted) endorsed Barack Obama for the Democratic nomination. Once Obama won the nomination, however, Townsend and her siblings Robert, Jr. and Kerry supported him in the general election.
Since leaving office, Townsend has written the book, Failing America's Faithful: How Today's Churches Are Mixing God with Politics and Losing Their Way, (Warner Books, 2007, ISBN 0-446-57715-4). Townsend also contributes to The Recovering Politician website started by Jonathan Miller.
In December 2010, she was appointed chair of American Bridge, a new non-profit that will raise funds for Democratic candidates and causes, and that is intended to be a Democratic counterpart to right-leaning organizations such as American Crossroads and Crossroads GPS. She noted that the Democrats did not have such an organization during the 2010 election cycle, and that Republicans outspent the Democrats by $70 million. "I want to compete dollar to a dollar with the Republicans and I want to beat them," she said.
She has served on the boards of many organizations, and as a consultant to several corporations. She is chair of the Institute for Human Virology at the University of Maryland. She is on on the boards of directors of the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation, the Points of Light Foundation, the Center for American Progress and Catholic Democrats. She was formerly on the independent Advisory Council of the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN), a panel that was appointed to review the functioning of ACORN following the scandal touched off by hidden camera videos in September 2009, and the board of the National Catholic Reporter. Townsend is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Inter-American Dialogue.
Electoral history 
|2002 gubernatorial election, Maryland|
|Republican||Robert Ehrlich / Michael Steele||879,592||51.6%|
|Democratic||Kathleen Kennedy Townsend / Charles R. Lawson||813,422||47.7%|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|1998 gubernatorial election, Maryland
Lieutenant Governor's seat – sharing one ballot space with the nominee for Gov.
|Democratic||Parris Glendening / Kathleen Kennedy Townsend||846,972||55.2%|
|Republican||Ellen Sauerbrey / Richard D. Bennett||688,357||44.8%|
|1994 gubernatorial election, Maryland
Lieutenant Governor's seat – sharing one ballot space with the nominee for Gov.
|Democratic||Parris Glendening / Kathleen Kennedy Townsend||708,094||50.2%|
|Republican||Ellen Sauerbrey / Paul Rappaport||702,101||49.8%|
|1986 U.S. congressional election, Maryland's 2nd district|
|Republican||Helen Delich Bentley||96.745||59%%|
|Democratic||Kathleen Kennedy Townsend||68,200||41%%|
Personal life 
In 1973, she married David Lee Townsend, whom she had met when he was a graduate student and her tutor at Radcliffe. David is now a member of the faculty at St. John's College in Annapolis. She and her husband have four daughters: Meaghan Anne born Nov 7, 1977; Maeve Fahey born Nov 1, 1979; Rose Katherine born Dec 17, 1983; and Kerry Sophia Kennedy Townsend born Nov 30, 1991. On June 27, 2011, her daughter Maeve gave birth to a boy, Gideon Joseph Kennedy McKean, the first great-grandchild for Bobby and Ethel as well as the first of the "sixth-generation" of Kennedys.
- Michael J. Bailey (December 4, 2010). "Kennedys respond to Palin barbs". The Boston Globe.
- Hostage to Fortune by Joseph P. Kennedy, edited by Amanda Smith
- Sally B. Donnelly (July 26, 1999). "Kathleen Kennedy Townsend: Just like her father?". CNN All Politics (TIME).
- Ann Blackman (November 13, 1983). "The Privilege and the Pain of being a Kennedy". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press.
- Donald P. Baker (October 12, 1998). "For Sauerbrey, Past vs. Present". The Washington Post.
- Nitkin, David (November 6, 2002). "Townsend never shook off lightweight label: Drumbeat about lack of leadership qualities dogged her to the end". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
- Mark Segraves, (November 15, 2005). "Was Lt. Gov. Steele Pelted With Oreos?". WTOP Radio. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- Nitkin, David; Koenig, Sarah; and Howard Libit (October 1, 2002). "Crowd's antics quite debatable" (Pay per view). The Baltimore Sun.
- Green, Andrew A. (November 13, 2005). "Ehrlich bristles at Oreo skeptics — Account of Steele pelted by cookies in '02 under scrutiny" (Pay per view). The Baltimore Sun.
- Phillip Caston (November 22, 2002). "Steele Makes History as First Black Lt. Governor". Politics Special Report: Elections '02 (Maryland News). Capital News Service.
- Cookie Monster, Baltimore City Paper, (November 23, 2005).
- Ehrlich bristles at Oreo skeptics — Account of Steele pelted by cookies in '02 under scrutiny, (November 13, 2005).
- Was Lt. Gov. Steele Pelted With Oreos?, (November 15, 2005)
- Kennedy Family Split On Endorsements
- Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and Kerry Kennedy (2008-01-29). "Kennedys for Clinton". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-01-29.
- Michael Falcone (December 2, 2010). "Kathleen Kennedy Townsend Hopes New Democratic Fundraising Group Will Avert Another ‘Disaster’ In 2012". The Note (ABC News).
- Jake Tapper (September 16, 2009). "ACORN Reacts". Political Punch (ABC News).
- "Statistics of the Congressional Election, 1986". Clerk of the House of Representatives.
- American Experience | The Kennedys | Kennedy Family Tree | PBS
- "Kathleen chose the simple life". The Ledger (Lakeland, Florida). November 27, 1980. pp. 1C, 13C.
- "Annapolis Faculty". St. John's College. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
- Roxanne Roberts; Amy Argetsinger (June 29, 2011). "Love, etc.: RFK’s first great-grandchild born". Washington Post. Retrieved April 12, 2013. More than one of
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Kathleen Kennedy Townsend|
- Official site
- Kathleen Kennedy Townsend at the Internet Movie Database
- Summary of Townsend's positions on the issues
- Audio/Video recordings of Kathleen Kennedy Townsend on her book Failing America's Faithful, from the University of Chicago's World Beyond the Headlines series
- Official state government biography
- Congressional Quarterly Voting and Elections Collection
|Lieutenant Governor of Maryland
January 18, 1995 – January 15, 2003
|Party political offices|
|Democratic nominee for Governor of Maryland