Kathryn Ruemmler

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Kathryn Ruemmler
Kathryn Ruemmler.jpg
White House Counsel
In office
June 30, 2011 – May 15, 2014
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Robert Bauer
Succeeded by Neil Eggleston
Personal details
Born (1971-04-19) 19 April 1971 (age 43)
Political party Democratic
Alma mater University of Washington,
Seattle

Georgetown University

Kathryn "Kathy" Ruemmler (born April 19, 1971) is an attorney who formerly served as White House Counsel to President Barack Obama. She previously worked as Principal Deputy White House Counsel.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

A graduate of Richland High School in Richland, Washington,[2] Ruemmler received a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Washington and earned her Juris Doctor from Georgetown University Law Center.[3] She also served as Editor-in-Chief of the Georgetown Law Journal.

Legal career[edit]

Ruemmler is a former federal prosecutor who helped lead the government’s case against the former executives of Enron. In 2006, she delivered the government's closing argument in the trial of former Enron executives Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling, both of whom were convicted. She returned to Latham in 2007, this time as a partner. From 2000 to 2001 she served as Associate Counsel to President Clinton. She was a litigation partner in the Washington, D.C. office of Latham & Watkins from 2007 but left in January 2009 to serve as principal associate deputy attorney general at the Justice Department.

Counsel[edit]

In October 2011, Ruemmler said that there is no evidence of the White House intervening in Solyndra’s loan guarantee to benefit a campaign donor. Her letter to the House Energy and Commerce Committee also denies an effort by committee Republicans for access to internal White House communications. The letter goes on to deny Republican claims of improper White House influence in the Energy Department’s 2009 decision to grant the company a $535 million loan guarantee, and the deal’s early 2011 revamp that put private investors ahead of taxpayers for repayment if the company liquidated.[4]

Over what would have traditionally been the 2011-2012 winter recess of the 112th Congress, the House of Representatives did not assent to recess, specifically to block Richard Cordray's appointment as Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.[5] As a result, both the House and Senate held pro forma sessions.[6] On January 4th, 2012, President Obama claimed authority to appoint Richard Cordray and others under the Recess Appointments Clause. Counsel Ruemmler asserted that the appointments were valid, because the pro forma sessions were designed to, "through form, render a constitutional power of the executive obsolete," and that the Senate was for all intents and purposes recessed.[7] Republicans in the Senate disputed the appointments, with Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell stating that Obama had "arrogantly circumvented the American people" and endangered “the Congress’s role in providing a check on the excesses of the executive branch.” It was expected that there would be a legal challenge to the appointments.[8]

Obama hugs Ruemmler following the Supreme Court ruling on National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius.

On January 6th, 2012, the Department of Justice Office of Legal Counsel issued an opinion regarding recess appointments and pro forma sessions, stating that "[t]he convening of periodic pro forma sessions in which no business is to be conducted does not have the legal effect of interrupting an intrasession recess otherwise long enough to qualify as a "Recess of the Senate" under the Recess Appointments Clause. In this context, the President therefore has discretion to conclude that the Senate is unavailable to perform its advise-and-consent function and to exercise his power to make recess appointments." [9][10]

After National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius was decided in favour of the Obama administration on 28 June 2012 Ruemmler was the one to tell Obama and his chief of staff, Jack Lew, that the administration's signature legislation had actually been upheld.[11]

In a profile by the Washington Post, it was reported that During negotiations over John Brennan’s confirmation as CIA director, according to a White House official, it was Ruemmler who decided that the House and Senate intelligence panels could review the e-mails about different drafts of the Benghazi talking points without letting them take copies. The administration shifted course this month by releasing the e-mails after weeks of controversy over their content.[12] She announced plans that she would be stepping down as White House Counsel in mid May.[13] She returned to private practice in July 2014.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Enron prosecutor Kathy Ruemmler named White House counsel". Houston Chronicle. June 2, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Top Enron Trial Prosecutor Started out in Richland". KNDU. 2013-04-17. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  3. ^ The White House: Office of the Press Secretary (June 2, 2011). "President Obama Announces New White House Counsel Kathryn Ruemmler". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved June 3, 2011. 
  4. ^ Geman, Ben (2011-10-15). "White House counsel: No evidence that Solyndra aid was gift to donors". The Hill. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  5. ^ Beutler, Brian (2012-01-04). "GOP Furious As Obama Recess Appoints Cordray". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  6. ^ Mcconnell, Michael (January 10, 2012). "Democrats and Executive Overreach". The Wall Street Journal. 
  7. ^ Savage, Charlie (January 4, 2012). "Obama Tempts Fight Over Recess Appointments". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  8. ^ Pelofsky, Jeremy (January 5, 2012). "Analysis: Obama consumer chief decision under a legal cloud". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ Lawfulness of Recess Appointments During a Recess of the Senate Notwithstanding Periodic Pro Forma Sessions
  11. ^ Parnes, Amie (2012-06-28). "Obama initially thought his health mandate had been overturned". The Hill. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Savage, Charlie (6 April 2014). "Departing White House Counsel Held Powerful Sway". New York Times. 
  14. ^ "FORMER WHITE HOUSE COUNSEL KATHRYN RUEMMLER TO REJOIN LATHAM & WATKINS". Latham & Watkins LLP. 20 May 2014. 
Legal offices
Preceded by
Robert Bauer
White House Counsel
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Neil Eggleston