Gateway to Jammu and Kashmir
|State||Jammu and Kashmir|
|• Type||Municipal Council|
|• Body||Kathua Municipal Council|
|• MLA||Charanjit Singh|
|• Total||36 km2 (14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||307 m (1,007 ft)|
|• Density||6,268/km2 (16,230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||184101(Down town) and 184102(Patel Nagar Suburbs)|
Kathua (kəˈθʊə) (Dogri/Pahari/Hindi: कठुआ) is a city and a Municipal Council in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The word "Kathua" is derived from the word "Thuan" in Dogri which means "Scorpions". Some believe that its name is derived from the name of Rishi Kashyap who disguised himself as a tortoise (kashua) for strong meditation. Kathua is also called 'the city of Sufis' owing to the presence of large number of Sufi Shrines of Peers.
Kathua is located at  It has an average elevation of 307 metres (1,007 ft).The city is surrounded by three rivers. Ravi is just 7 km down Kathua while ujjh is about 11 km ahead on Jammu Highway. Kathua itself is situated along the banks of a khad (river) dividing it into two boroughs: Parliwand, meaning the other side; and Orliwand, meaning this side. Both parts are connected by three bridges. Many parts of the district and the city itself lie on plains while the tehsils of Basoli and Billawar are very hilly. The Kandi region - the barren lowlands at shiwalik foothills constitute it. A gateway to the northernmost state of Jammu and Kashmir, Kathua lies just 88 kilometres south of the state's winter capital of Jammu..
Tehsils of Kathua
Kathua District comprises 5 tehsils:
Kathua is the fifth biggest city in the state after Srinagar (population=11,77,253), Jammu city (population=9,51,373), Anantnag (population=2,08,312 including agglomerations), and Baramulla (population=1,81,986). As of 2011, Kathua city has a population of 1,79,988. The sex ratio is 853 females per 1,000 males. There has been a sudden increase in the population of the town due to migration from rural areas and hilly areas from Basoli Tehsil. This has led to congestion and frequent traffic jams in the city. Kathua is overwhelmingly Hindu, the religion practiced by 85% of its population, another 8% is Sikh, and 7% Muslim. However people have a strong faith in Sufistic culture too as there are large number of Sufi shrines in and around the city. Most of the people are of Dogra race and Dogri is the principal language.
Kathua is just 80 km away from Jammu city and 120 km from Katra. Basoli is just 72 km from it. Buses for longer distances and matadors (small buses) for shorter distances are the main sources of transportation in Kathua. Mostly two wheeler are used for commuting. Matadors(small buses) run on major roads of the city. They also connect city with nearby villages. Within the city, people also use bikes and cars. The bus journey from Kathua to Jammu is approximately 2.5 hours. Video Coach AC buses from Kathua to Jammu is available from morning 05:00 am to evening 10 :00 pm. There are also railway links to Jammu and Pathankot from Kathua. Kathua Railway station at Gobindsar is just 4 km from city centre. Kathua has two bus stops. The smaller at Nagri Road for buses to Nagri-Parole town which is 17 km from Kathua. The larger one is for other destinations. The old busstand at Parliwand is no longer in use and is generally used for parking matadors. Buses for long route do not come inside Kathua. They are available from Lakhanpora which is 6 km from Kathua.
On the outskirts of Kathua, there is a well-developed industrial estate, SICOP (State industrial cooperation), including the Nirmal Industries, Chenab Textile Mill (CTM). This venture of Birla Group, established in the 1970s, contributed greatly to the development of today's Kathua. In addition to CTM, there are several other factories, manufacturing cement, iron, and other products. There is a unit Celine Health Care Pvt. Ltd. that is in the manufacturing of cosmetic products.In 2011, a new milestone, JAKSON entered in Jammu & Kashmir with the two units for manufacturing Generating Sets at SICOP, IID Centre, Kathua. With a cumulative manufacturing space of 435000 sq. ft, both units manufacture genset accessories base frames and fuel tanks along with Diesel and Gas based generating sets. In 2012 M/s. J and K Integrated Textile Park Limited (JKITPL) entered in Kathua with the manufacturing HUB of Textiles and Its products / auxileries in approx. 10,00,000 Sq. Ft. area and investment of Rs.50 crores in Infrastructure and Rs.150 Crores in Plant & Machinery. JKITPL is a project approved by Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India and is a only private project categorised as Prestigious project
Agriculture and land holdings
The district has a reporting area of 2.65 lacs Hectt as per revenue records out of which 0.45 lacs Hectt is agricultural use, 0.36 lacs Hectt constitutes barren and uncultivable land excluding follow land, 0.12 lacs Hectt accounts for culturable waste, 0.13 lacs Hectt is under misc. trees, 0.10 lacs Hectt forms permanent pastures, 0.01 lacs Hectt is fallow land other than current fallows, 0.14 lacs is the area under current fallows and 0.61 Hectt is net area sown. The total cropped area of the district during 1999-2000 was 1.24 lacs Hectt of which 0.63 lacs hectt represents the area sown more than once. According to the agricultural census of 1991-92, the district had 69508 number of land holding of different sizes. Out of these 60.15% were of below one Hectt and only 39.85% were of the sizes of one hectts and above which indicates that large number of land holding are very small. Major crops of the district are Paddy, Maize and Wheat. Wheat and Paddy constitutes the staple food in plain tehsils Viz. Kathua and Hiranagar whereas Maize for Hilly Tehsils Basohli and Billawar. Wheat being main crop in whole of the district had covered 50 thousands hectars of area followed by paddy grown over an area of 36 thousand hectar and rest 38 thousand hectars were covered under maize, millets, oil seeds, pulses and vegetable crop during 1999-2000.
Talking of Kathua city in particular the climate is sub tropical. According to common Hindu belief there are six seasons experienced in the region.Because of its proximity to rivers climate is moderate in summers and harsh in winters. Summers are hot and the mercury may shoot up to 41 degrees while in winters mercury generally dips to 2 degrees or even sometimes to zero. Heavy downpour is also experienced. The annual rainfall is 700 cm mainly in monsoons and winters due to Western Disturbances. Kathua city does not experience snow while there may be snow in upper reaches of district like Bani Tehsil. Heavy hailstorms with piles of hail can be experienced in February and March but are very few. 669 millimetres (26.3 in) in the wettest months.
|Climate data for Kathua|
|Record high °C (°F)||26
|Average high °C (°F)||18.8
|Average low °C (°F)||1.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−3.9
|Rainfall mm (inches)||50.0
|Source #1: BBC Weather|
|Source #2: IMD|
Kathua District broadly comprises three distinct zones viz. Border, Kandi and Hilly. Billawar, Bani, Basohli and Lohai–Malhar Blocks of the district comes under HILLY Area. The culture of this area is PAHARI which resembles the culture of Himachal Paradesh. The other part of the district has Dogra culture.
Dogri is the main language spoken by the people of the district. Though the dogri spoken in some parts of the district has the influence of Punjabi tone also but the rural areas specially the Hilly areas are free from Punjabi. Their main language is DOGRI/PAHARI. The language is the rural and hilly areas has maintained its native purity, accent and sweetness. However, a very small section of the population residing in Lohai-Malhar and Bani Blocks also speaks Kashmiri. GOJRI is also spoken by the Gujjar Community settled here and there. However, Dogri is main language spoken in the district.
The district is culturally an integrated part of Jammu region and all important religious fairs like Lohri, Maha Shivratri, Id-ul-Fitr, Holi, Ramnavmi, Baisakhi, Basantpanchami, Martyr's day of Guru Arjun Dev, Raksha Bandhan, Janam Ashtami, Mahanavami, Dussehra, Diwali, id-ul-zuha, Guru Ravi Dass's b’day, Mahatama gandhi's b’day Guru Govind Singh's b’day, Chacha Nehru's birthday. Above all, the Independence Day and Republic Day are celebrated with great enthusiasm. Holy Navratras also provide special occasion for worship and pilgrimage to holy places culminating into small to big fairs. Ram Lilas are organized in every town as well as in every village of the district. The most famous Ram Lila is performed in BASOHLI.Among teens Christmas,New year,Valentine's Day are also observed. One of the main temple of Mata Baal-kanya is situated at village CHANGRAN just 2 km from the city centre. Other temples and shrines include Mata Ashapurni Temple in Down Town bazaar, Mata Jasrota,Peer Chattar Shaw on Nagri road,Peer Lakhdata ji in Jawahar nagar and many others.
Because of its close proximity to the Pakistan border, Kathua has a significant Indian Army presence in the surrounding areas. The Army was sheltered at Kathua during militancy in the state when the ultras used to cross the border and attacked innocent people. There have been many attacks in the region. During the summers of 2001, four terrorists attacked a matadoor at Hiranagar killing 5 people. In 2003, three terrorists attacked a C.R.P.F camp in front of District Hospital killing 2 people. With the change in time conditions have improved and army is being recalled from the city.
Sources of public entertainment
Movie Theatre(s): Moon light multiplex, dolby digital, fully A.C.
,Sports Stadium: ONE near police lines. There are also some parks viz- Dream Land which is most popular situated on banks of Kashmir Canal,Green city park near Ambedkar Bridge and Bhagat Singh Park.Shopping Malls include Moonlight Mall,Neeraj Mall .
Higher Education Institutions
1.Govt Degree College
2.Govt women College
3.Ashoka Law Collage
4.Kathua Campus of Jammu University
5.Surya College of Education, Logate More Kathua
6.Rajeev Gandhi Memorial College of Education, Kalibari Kathua
7.Govt. Mrdiacal College (Proposed)
9.Baba Farid College
- Bakshi Nagar