Katihar Junction railway station

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Katihar Junction
Indian Railway
Station statistics
Address Station Road, Gami Tola, Katihar, Bihar-854105
India
Coordinates 25°32′55″N 87°33′58″E / 25.54869°N 87.56615°E / 25.54869; 87.56615Coordinates: 25°32′55″N 87°33′58″E / 25.54869°N 87.56615°E / 25.54869; 87.56615
Elevation 35 metres (115 ft)
Line(s) Barauni-Katihar section of Barauni-Guwahati line
Katihar-Siliguri line
Structure type Standard (on ground station)
Platforms 7
Tracks 10
Parking Available
Baggage check Available
Other information
Opened 1889
Station code KIR
Zone(s) North East Frontier Railway
Division(s) Katihar
Owned by North East Frontier Railway of the Indian Railways
Operator North East Frontier Railway
Station status Functioning
Formerly East Indian Railway
Traffic
Passengers () 1 Lakh per day
Services
parkingticketspedestrian underpasselevatorsdisabled accesscafeterianewsstandWCtaxi standpublic transportationcar parkingbike parking
Location
Katihar Junction railway station is located in Bihar
Katihar Junction railway station
Katihar Junction railway station
Location in Bihar

Katihar Junction railway station serves Katihar city in Katihar district in the Indian state of Bihar.The Katihar Junction railway station is connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network. Katihar lies in between Barauni-Katihar section of Barauni-Guwahati line
Katihar-Siliguri line which serves the city with numerous number of trains to Guwahati, Kolkata, Delhi and with many other cities.

History[edit]

East Indian Railway Company opened the Manihari-Katihar-Kasba section in 1888 and the North Bengal Railway opened the Katihar-Raiganj section the same year. EIR opnened the Barsoi-Kishanganj section in 1889. All these lines were 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) wide metre gauge lines. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, operating 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge lines, extended their operations from Siliguri to Kishanganj in 1915.[1]

Siliguri was connected to Kolkata via the eastern part of Bengal since 1878 (for details see Howrah-New Jalpaiguri Line). However, with the partition of India in 1947, railway services in the region were completely disrupted. In 1949, the narrow gauge Siliguri-Kishanganj section was upgraded to metre gauge. Thus there was a direct metre gauge connection from Manihari to Siliguri via Katihar.[2] the importance of katihar station grew because of the jute mill in the region.

Gauge conversion[edit]

In the early 1960s, when Farakka Barrage was being constructed, Indian Railways took the initiative to extend 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge rail link from Kolkata.[2]

The 2,240 m (7,350 ft) long Farakka Barrage carries a rail-cum-road bridge across the Ganges. The rail bridge was opened in 1971 thereby linking the Barharwa-Azimganj-Katwa loop to Malda, New Jalpaiguri and other railway stations in North Bengal.[1][3]

Gauge conversion work (from metre gauge to broad gauge) in the Barauni–Katihar section was taken up in 1978-79 and completed in 1982.[4]

The Siliguri-Katihar line was the last surviving metre gauge line in the area. The Aluabari Road-Katihar section already had a broad gauge line running alongside the metre gauge line. The Aluabari Road-Siliguri section needed to be converted. Conversion work was taken up in 2008, train services in the section was suspended and conversion work completed early in 2011.[5][6][7]

Amenities[edit]

The major facilities available are Waiting rooms,[8] retiring room, computerised reservation facility, Reservation Counter, Vehicle parking etc. The vehicles are allowed to enter the station premises. There are refreshment rooms vegetarian and non-vegetarian, tea stall, book stall, post and telegraphic office and Government Railway police(G.R.P) office. To modernise the train inquiry system a call centre has been opened at Patna in 2005. People from Bihar can inquiry about arrival and departure of trains, reservation status, fare, concessions, etc., by dialling a universal telephone number 139 at local call rates. 200 to 500 lines are used in a call centre to ensure that the phone lines do not remain busy and a large number of people can access the facility of enquiry simultaneously. This facility was extended throughout the India by the end of 2005–06 to get the desired train related information by dialling a universal number 139 at local call charges. Automatic ticket vending machines have been installed to reduce the queue for train tickets on the station. North East Frontier Railway has purposed elevated stairs,metal detector door and X-RAY machine for baggage checking facilities in katihar station. The work is under process and shall be completed in 2014. After completion, Katihar will became the first in bihar to have these facilities.

Platforms[edit]

There are 7 platforms at Katihar junction . The platforms are interconnected with three foot over bridge (FOB).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b R.P.Saxena. "Indian Railway History timeline". Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  2. ^ a b "India: the complex history of the junctions at Siliguri and New Jalpaiguri". IRFCA. Retrieved 2011-11-12. 
  3. ^ Salman, Salman M. A.; Uprety, Kishor (2002). Conflict and cooperation on South Asia's international rivers: a legal perspective. World Bank Publications. pp. 135–136. ISBN 978-0-8213-5352-3. Retrieved 2011-07-05. 
  4. ^ Rajendra Saxena. "Details of New line, Gauge conversion & Doubling constructed after independence & in progress on Indian Railways". item No. 18. irse. Retrieved 2012-01-24. 
  5. ^ "Delayed but new route helps trains". The Telegraph, 29 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  6. ^ "Railways to partially restore Siliguri-Bagdogra service". Times of India, 16 March 2010. 2010-03-16. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  7. ^ "IRFCA photo gallery". IRFCA. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  8. ^ "Retiring rooms in North East Frontier Railway". Indian Railways. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Indian Railway   Following station
Terminus Northeast Frontier Railway zone
Terminus Northeast Frontier Railway zone
Terminus Northeast Frontier Railway zone
Terminus Northeast Frontier Railway zone
Terminus Northeast Frontier Railway zone